The Jesuit insist on little savage girl slaves
FRENCH HISTORY 1660-1662
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Twenty two marriages, eighty one births and nineteen deaths are recorded in Kebec, New France.
Claude Dablon (1618-1697) a Jesuit arrived as a missionary to the Onondaga near Syracuse, New York.
Captain Jean Baptiste Ekhinechkaouat (Metis?) became ill in the woods and was near death when the Jugglers (Medicine Man) using herbal medicine cured him. The Jesuits consider all Jugglers as evil.
(I)-Emmanuel Le Borgue (1610-1675) departed Acadia broke and left his son (II)-Alexandre Le Borgue (1640-1693) to attempt in the recovery of the family estate. Alexandre never amounted to much as he was too fond of the wine.
Pentagouet, Acadia, marriage (III)-Jeanne Jeanne de Saint Etienne de La Tour, Metis daughter (II)-Charles La Tour (1596-1665) and a Mi'Kmaq ( Micmac) girl; married d'Apprendestiguy de Martignon.
(I)-Claude Sol dit Desmarais, b-1629, established himself this year Trois Rivieres.
Captain Noel Tecouerimat (Metis?) is at Saint Joseph of Sillery, Kebec.
Captain Paul Tessouehat (Metis?), the famous one eyed Captain of the Algonquins is on the Island.
(I)-Pierre Thibodeau, b-1630, France, arrived Acadia 1650's, married 1660 Acadia (II)-Jeanne Theriault, b-1744, family settled at Pre Ronge, Acadia.
d'Apprendestiguy de Martignon, a Basque, married 1655 Pentagouet, Acadia (II)-Jeanne de Saint-Etienne de la Tour, Metis, b-1625 Acadia daughter (II)-Charles (Turgis) de Saint-Etinne de la Tour (1595-1665) and Louise a Micmac woman.
A band of Iroquois wintered near Three Rivers among a band of Algonquin, and no disagreement was found between the two Nations. The widows and girls of the Algonquin were allowed to marry the Iroquois. The Iroquois by custom would join the Algonquin culture.
An Englishman noted that slaves are sold from one to another, in New France, as we do sheep.
The Iroquois delivered some of the little girl slaves, as requested by the Jesuits. The Jesuits say the little girl slaves are for the Ursuline Mothers to work in their house of charity. They hope to make so many Christians of them. The life expectancy of the little girls is not long. The Jesuits must have been aware that the Iroquois would have to raid their neighbors to acquire these little girl slaves. This would then lead to war between the two peoples.
The Jesuits consider the Savages God Manitou (Great Spirit) as a demon. This is tantamount to the Savages calling Jesus a demon.
Kebec, a fleet of 6 ships sent, three are lost, the Petit Francois at 50 tonnage is lost to the Spanish with captain P. Delafond, the Chat Bouque taken by the English, a Dutch ship was lost at sea. The Colombe Mouillee and the Patriarche Abraham arrived Kebec.
January 7: Kebec, birth (II)-Marie Madeleine Prevost, Metis, died April 1, 1661, Kebec, daughter (I)-Martin Prevost, (1611- 1691) and Marie Oliver Sylvestre Manitouabewich, Huron or Algonquin, b-1620
January 11: Quebec, marriage (I)-Guillaume Thibaut (1618-1686) to Marie Madeleine Francois b-1633
January 12: Quebec, marriage (I)-Pierre Biron b-1627 1st to (II)-Barbe Martin, Metis (1643-1660); 2nd married December 19, 1662, Quebec, Jeanne Poireau, d-1691.
January 13: Quebec, birth (II)-Marie Madeleine Prevost, Metis, died March 16, 1661 Quebec daughter (I)-Martin Prevost (1611-1691) and Marie Olivier Sylvestre, Sauvagesse, (1626- 1665);
January 27: Quebec, birth (II)-Marie Francoise Plante daughter (I)-Jean Plante, (1621-1706) and (II)-Francoise Boucher d-1711; married November 18, 1676 Cheateau Richer Nicolas Paquin. (I)-Jean Plante, (1621-1706) possible son (I)-Jean Plante arrived Kebec 1619 and therefore possible Metis??
January 26: Trois Rivieres, marriage (I)-Louis Ozannes dit Lafronde (1616-1661) married Marie Denot de la Martiniere, veuve Mathieu Labot.
February 4: Quebec, birth (II)-Guillaume Hebert Aubert, died October 16, 1714 Hotel Dieu, married Marie Anne Roussin and had 11 children.
February 8: Quebec, marriage (I)-Vincent Poirier dit Bellepoire, (1628-1703) and 1st married (II)-Francoise Pinguet, died May 30, 1661, veuve Pierre Delauney: 2nd marriage December 6, 1662, Quebec, Judith Renaudeau (1630-1695)
February 8: Quebec marriage (I)-Francois Blondeau (1632-1702) to Nicole Roland dite Gabrielle (1634-1694)
February 16: Chateau Richer, birth (III)-Marie Cloutier, Metis, daughter (II)-Jean Cloutier, (1621-1690) and (II)-Marie Martin, Metis, (1635-1699); married November 17, 1671, Chateau Richer, Francois Belanger
March 14: Quebec, birth (II)-Jean Rouleau, died August 28, 1656, Quebec son (I)-Gabriel Rouleau dit Sanssoucy (1618-1673) and Mathurine Leroux, b-1636, epouse February 5, 1674, Ste Famille, Martin Mercier.
April 1: Quebec, birth (II)-Marie Soumande, Metis daughter (I)-Pierre Soumande (1619-1689) and (II)-Simone Cote, Metis, b-1637; married Joseph Mignot
April 6: Trois Rivieres, marriage (I)-Pierre Pellerin dit St. Amand, b-1621 to Louise Mousseau, died July 1707, Quebec
April 12. Ville-Marie (Montreal), marriage (I)-Jean Aubuchon dit L'Esperance under contract of marriage September 19, 1654 Trois Riviers, married (II)-Marguerite Sedilot, Metis? daughter (I)-Louis Sedilot (1660-1672) and Marie Charter, likely a sauagesse 2,nd marriage Marie Grimoult
April 27: Trois Rivieres, death (I)-Pierre Chapiteau b-1605 killed by the Iroquois.
May 5: Quebec, birth (II)-Marie Fournier, Metis daughter (I)-Guillaume Fournier, (1619-1699) and (III)-Francoise Hebert, Metis b-1637: married February 17, 1670, Quebec, Pierre Blanchet.
May 29: Jean Liegeois, a Jesuit lay brother, is killed by the Hiroquois at Fort Sillery.
June 2: Quebec, birth, (II)-Laurent Tessier, Metis, died September 27, 1687, Ville-Marie (Montreal), son (I)- Urbain Tessier, (1624-1689) and (II)-Marie Archambault, Metis baptised, 1636, died August 16, 1719 Pte Aux Trembles, Ville-Marie (Montreal); married October 20, 1681 Quebec Genevieve Lemire.
August 22: Quebec, birth (II)-Joseph Robineau son (I)-Rene Robineau (1629-1699) and Marie Anne LeNeuf de la Poterie, d-1702.
Quebec marriage (I)-Denis Jean dit St Onage to (II)-Marie Pelletier Metis b-1637
* daughter (I)-Nicolas Peltier and
Jeanne de Voisy (Roussey) Indian/Metis (1612-1622-1689) * epouse 1650 Quebec
(I)-Nicolas Goupil dit Laviolette
(II)-Ignace Jean Metis b-1656 Sillery
(II)-Jean Jean dit Denis Metis married 1671 Genevieve Billot
(II)-Joseph Jean Metis b-1659, d-1714 Quebec, married Pointe aux Trembles (II)-Marie Garnier
(II)-Marie Jean Metis b-1661 d-1687 Montreal
(II)-Francoise Jean Metis b-1664 Sillery, d-1708 Quebec
(II)-Nicolas Jean Metis b-1667 Sillery, married 1698, Quebec (II)-Marie Madeleine Cliche
(II)-Etienne Jean Metis b-1669 Sillery
(II)-Catherine Jean dit Denis Metis b-1670 Sillery, married 1688 Quebec (I)-Jean Dubois b-1659
(II)-Anonyme Jean Metis (1674-1674) Sillery
(II)-Louis Jean Metis b-1675 Sillery, married 1705 Lachine, (II)-Michelle Perrin (1675-1747)
(II)-Francoise Monique Jean dit Denis Metis married 1703 Quebec, (II)-Charles Lenormand (1663-1715)
September 19: Fathers Pierre Joseph Marie Chaumonot and Claude Dablon (1619-1697) departed Quebec to establish a mission in Onondaga country.
September 21: Quebec birth (II)-Catherine Bonhomme, daughter (I)-Nicolas Bonhomme dit Beaupre (1603-1683) and Catherine Goujet (1616-1679); married 1670 Jacques Bertheaume
September 29: Kebec, birth (II)-Elizabeth Marsolet, Metis daughter (I)-Nicolas Marsolet (Marsollet) De St. Agnan (1587-1677) and Marie La Barbide, savage or Metis, (1620-1688), epouse May 8, 1681, Quebec, Denis Lemaitre:
October 28: Kebec, marriage (II)-Jean Roussin son (I)-Jean Roussin de Tourouvre to Marie Letard
November 3: The Treaty of Westminster, England restored Acadia to France.
December 8: Quebec, birth Jean Pinguet, d-1710 son (II)-Noel Pinguet (1630-1685) to Marie Madeleine Du Pont, (1636-1696)
December 29: Trois Rivieres, death (II)-Guy Poutrel, b-1630 son (I)-Jean Poutrel Du Colombier and Medeleine Leneuf Du Hersson
Twenty six marriages, eighty four births and twenty two deaths are recorded in Kebec, New France.
AMONG THE FILLE DU ROI IN 1667 ?
Marie Deschamps, (around in 1643), married Pierre Pouillard, October 12, 1667
Marie Deschamps, (around in 1647), married Michel Verret, Michel, dit Laverdure, October 13, 1669 Michel Verret,
Marie Deschamps, (around in 1656), married 1672, Martin Marais dit Labarre, said his name was Labarre,
Possibility Marie Deschamps is a savague?
Five ships sailed from France to Kebec this year. One was captured by the English, one was captured by the Spaniards and one was lost at sea. The other two arrived and departed in safety.
An Iroquois raid in 1655 and a fire this year finished the Indian reserve experiment at Sillery, and by 1663, French settlers would occupy this land. The Dutch Iroquois (the Agnieronnons) were attacking the French everywhere killing and being killed.
a Hugenot married about 1656 likely Trois Rivieres Marie Armond a Filles a
Marier; see alleged brother David listed 1649 and brother Jacques married Marie
Grandry not listed Tanguay, these brothers are problematic.
(II)-Jacques David b-1657 Troie Rivieres married 1690 Boucherville Catherine Lussier
(II)-Anne David (1659-1659) Quebec
(II)-Marguerite David (1661-1661) Quebec
(II)-Marie Anne David b-1663 Quebec
(II)-Madeleine David b-1666 Quebec
(II)-Marie Angelique David b-1678 Sorel
(I)-Mathieu Doucet, b-1637 France, a miller, arrived Kebec 1656, died March 25, 1657 at Trois Rivieres.
Martin d'Aprendistiguy, a Basque of St. John River, Acadia married Marie
Jeanne De La Tour, Metis daughter Charles La Tour and Mikmag woman.
Daughter Marie Anne d'Aprendistiguy, Metis b-1662 married 1686 Port Royal Guillaume Bourgeous.
Zacharie Dupuy (1608-1676), Commandant of Quebec, established a post at Syracuse, N.Y.
(II)-Jean Fafart (Fefard)
Metis? b-1657 Trois Rivieres died 1756 Detroit, son (I)-Francois Fafard
(1630-1711) and Marie Richard; married (III)-Marguerite Couck (Couc) Metis
b-1664 Trois Rivieres daughter (II)-Pierre Couc (1624-1665) and Marie
(III)-Marguerite Fefard Metis b-1686 married 1710 Detroit, Jean Baptiste Turpin
(III)-Jean Baptiste Fefard Metis married 1715 Detroit, Marguerite Joseph Querotia Huronne daughter Joseph a Huron
(I)-Charles de Lauzon de Charny is appointed the Commandant General (interim Governor) of New France from September 1656 to September 18, 1657.
(II)-Peter Esprit Radisson Metis (1636-1710), see 1631, says he was born 1636 St. Malo, emigrated to Canada May 24, 1651, and married 1656 Trois Rivieres to Elizabeth, the daughter of Madeleine Hainault. He goes on to say that he lived at Tree Rivers where also dwelt "my natural parents, and country-people, and my brother, his wife and children". We need to keep in mind (II)-Pierre was in England at the time of writing this when he was trying to influence the English with his exploits and claimed credit for activities of (I)-Medard Chouart des Groseilliers. Some think (I)-Medard is the brother in question. (II)-Peter's married second wife some time between 1666 and 1673 in England, daughter of John Kirke. He is believed to have returned to Quebec in 1694 and to have died there. (II)-Francoise Radisson, Metis, b-1636, a sister of (I)-Peter is believed to have married 1653 (I)-Claude Violany de St. Claude likely in Trois Rivieres.
(I)-Claude Sauvageot Sauvage or Metis married about 1656 to Jeanne LeGendre
Sauvagesse or Metis
(II)-Alexis Sauvageot Metis b-1672 married 1694 Grondines (II)-Marguerite Martin dit Masse
(II)-Marie Sauvageot Metis married 1688 Cap Sante? (I)-Louis Mern Metis?
Kateri Tekakwitha (1656-1680) a Mohawk born New York but fled to New France
where she died. She was the first aboriginal to become named a saint in
October 21, 2012.
Garreau is killed near Fort Ville-Marie (Montreal); shot through the spine.
Kabec, 6 ships arrived, the Rene at 80 tonnage, the Taureau at 150 tonnage captain Rlie Tadourneau, the Fortune at 100 tonnage captain Elie Raymont, the Saint Sebastin captain Guillaume and Jean Poulet and 2 unknown ships.
January 22: Quebec, birth (II)-Marie Perrot daughter (I)-Jacques Perrot dit Vildaigre (1629-1703) to Michelle Le Plot, b-1742: married September 17, 1669, Ste Familee, Francois de Jarret.
February 2: Quebec, birth (II)-Ignace Poulain, son (I)-Claude Poulain (1615-1687) and Jeanne Mercier (1622-1687): married August 23, 1683 Ste Anne, Marguerite Pare.
February 15: Quebec, birth (II)-Anne Aubert (Auber) b-1656, died June 20 1728 daughter (I)-Claude Aubert (Auber) and Jacqueline Lucas (1612-1680) English; married November 6, 1683 Quebec Gervais Baudouin
February 22: The Jesuits condemn the Savages for believing their dreams. They have a special festival for what the Jesuits call the 'demon of dreams'. They also call it the festival of fools, or the carnival of wicked Christians. The Savages call it the Honnonouaroria. The Jesuits do not consider the French masqueraders carnival in Europe as evil. If we follow their logic the dreams of the Jesuit fathers, that they call visions, are therefore 'demon dreams'.
March 3: Quebec, birth (II)-Anne Poirier, died February 1, 1704, Ste Foye, daughter (I)-Vincent Poirier dit Bellepoire, (1628-1703) and (II)-Francoise Pinguet, died May 30, 1661, veuve Pierre Delauney: 1st married February 6, 1673 Quebec, Jacques Gaudry: 2nd marriage 1692 Ignace Bonhomme
March 16: Montreal, birth (II)-Marguerite Prud'homme daughter (I)-Louis Prud'homme (1608-1671) and Roberte Gadois, b-1626: married 1st. July 14, 1670 Montreal, Jean Martinet: 2nd marriage January 23, 1703 Jean Latour
March 28: Trois Rivieres, birth (II)-Jeanne Pepin Metis daughter (I)-Guillaume Pepin dit Tranchemontagne (1607-1697) and Jeanne Mechin Metis, b-1630; married 1st Fenruary 6, 1674 Trois Rivieres Jean Herou; 2nd marriage August 13, 1690 Trois Rivieres Mathurn Marais
May 2: (I)-Jean Bourdon (1601-1668) weighted anchor at Quebec for a voyage to the north. Some claimed he reached the shores of Hudson Bay and claimed it for France. Other suggest he didn't make it and was driven back by the savages, and his way was blocked by ice. Others suggest 16 Frenchmen and 2 Huron guides reached Kibokok at the mouth of the Ashouanipi River, lattitude 55 degrees north. His Huron guides were killed and that is why they turned back..
May 6: The Onontaeronons killed a cow belonging to Pierre Bival (the Swiss). He fired a swivel-gun at the Onontaeronons, but without effect. They also killed a sow with farrow, belonging to the same man.
March 23: Lamote and Tieri were condemned by the Gentlemen of the Council to pay a fine of 500 livres each, for having sold goods at a higher price than the tariff.
March 28: Trois Rivieres, birth (II)-Jeanne Pepin daughter (I)-Guillaume Pepin dit Tranchemontagne (1607-1697) and Jeanne Mechin, b-1630; married 1st February 6, 1674 Trois Rivieres, Jean Herou; 2nd marriage August 13, 1690. Trois Rivieres, Mathurin Marais
March 31: Monsieur the Abbe said in sermon that it was a mortal sin to sell brandy to the Savages. He had previously said it was not a mortal sin.
April 3: Trois Rivieres, birth (II)-Ignace Lefebvre, Metis, died March 27, 1740, Trois Rivieres son (I)-Pierre Michel Lefebvre, b-1616 and Jeanne Aunois, of the Indian Nation, b-1621, died February 11, 1697, Trois Rivieres: married January 12, 1682 Champlain Marie Trotier
April 7: Ste Genevieve, Montreal, birth (V)-Louis Plouf, Metis, son (IV)-Maurice Plouf and (V)-Marie Francois, Metis, b-1730.
April 11: Contract written for (I)-Louis Guerineau aka Garnaud (1634-1698) and thirty others to travel to Quebec. The contract was written by a tabellion (notary) Sea Cherbonnier. The contract for 3 years included Nicolas Millet, Joachin Martin, Jean Rabourin, Pierre Menard, known as Saintonge. It was Mer. Francois Peron, ship-owner and owner of the ship Bull on which this group took to the sea. The ship Bull was 150 barrels and its master was E. Tadourneau arriving Quebec in summer of 1656.
June 13: Three French, Adrien Joliet, Fouquet and Christophle are captured by the Iroquois at the First River.
June 18: Montreal, birth/death, (II)-Michel Froget, Metis, son (I)-Nicolas Froget dit Despatis, b-1620 and (II)-Madeleine Martin, Metis;
June 22: Kebec, birth (III)-Jean Roussin son (II)-Jean Roussin to Marie Letard
June 25, Montreal, death (I)-Christophe Roger, drowned.
July 10: Quebec, birth (II)-Pierre Pellerin son (I)-Pierre Pellerin dit St. Amand, b-1621 to Louise Mousseau, d-1707.
July 11: Quebec, marriage (III)-Jean Baptiste Le Gardeur de Repentigny,
b-1642 to (II)-Marguerite Nicolet, Metis b-1642 daughter (I)-Jean Nicolet (1598-1642)
and (II)-Marguerite Couillard Metis
(IV)-Pierre Le Gardeur Metis b-1657 Quebec married 1685 Repentigny (II)-Agathe St Per
(IV)-Guillaume Le Gardeur Metis (1658-1658) Quebec
(IV)-Marie Anne Le Gardeur Metis (1659-1659) Quebec
(IV)-Jean Paul Le Gardeur Metis b-1661 Quebec married 1692 Quebec (III)-Marie Josette Leneuf de la Valliere
(IV)-Augustin Le Gardeur Metis b-1663 Quebec
(IV)-Charles Le Gardeur Metis (1664-1664) Quebec
(IV)-Alexandre Le Gardeur Metis (1666-1692) Quebec/Montreal
(IV)-Charles Le Gardeur Metis (1667-1667) Quebec
(IV)-Jean Baptiste Le Gardeur Metis b-1668 Quebec
(IV)-Michel Le Gardeur Metis b-1671 Boucherville d-1701 Montreal married (II)-Marie Gaillard
(IV)-Charles Joseph Le Gardeur Metis b-1673 Quebec married (III)-Marie Madeleine Blondeau b-1704
(IV)-Louis Le Gardeur Metis (1673-1676) Boucherville/Montreal
(IV)-Francois Le Gardeur Metis b-1675 Repentigny, godfather was brother Pierre and godmother was Marie Makats8ing8ots an Algonquine
(IV)-Marie Marguerite Le Gardeur Metis b-1675 Quebec d-1676 Montreal
(IV)-Charles Le Gardeur Metis b-1677 Boucherville married (III)-Marie Anne Robineau (1687-1760
(IV)-Rene Le Gardeur Metis b-1678
(IV)-Joseph Le Gardeur Metis b-1679 Boucherville
(IV)-Simon Le Gardeur Metis (1680-1683) Repentigny
(IV)-Noel Le Gardeur Metis b-1682 Repentigny
(IV)-Marie Anne Le Gardeur Metis (1683-1684) Repentigny
(IV)-Joseph Narcisse Le Gardeur Metis b-1684 Repentigny
July 28: Quebec, marriage (I)-Jean Picard, died November 29, 1700, Quebec to (II)-Marie Caron, died June 10, 1660, Quebec; 2nd marriage November 18, 1663 Chateau Richer, (II)-Marie Madeleine Gagnon, died September 12, 1680, Quebec; 3rd marriage about 1690 (II)-Marie Anne Fortin, epouse January 7, 1702, Quebec, Etienne Mirambault;
August: Trois Rivieres, The Coureurs des Bois (I)-Medard Chouart Sieur Des Groseilliers (1618-1695/98) returned with 259 natives in 50 canoes from the Green Bay (Wisconsin) area and the southern shore of Lake Superior, bearing a future in furs. During this trip they learned of the rich fur country north and northwest of Lake Superior which, they were told is only 7 days by canoe from Hudson Bay.
August 7: Trois Rivieres, marriage (I)-Nicolas Petit dit Lapree, b-1631 to Marie Pomponnelle (1630-1700)
August 11: Bourdon returned to Kebec from his northern voyage. The two Huron's, whom he had taken with him, were killed by the Savages, and a Frenchman was wounded.
August 31: Quebec death (I)-Jean Bonneau dit Lafortune married to Jeanne Richer b-1606 epouse 1668 Quebec Leonard Tresry
September 3: The elders of the Onnontage were informed that if they wanted the French to dwell amongst them, as they requested, they must provide little girls to be placed with the Ursuline Mothers. The savages loved their children and the only way they could obtain slave children for the Church is to raid their neighbors. It is hard to accept that alleged civilized Christian peoples could rationalize child slavery.
September 20: Cromwell granted Acadia to (II)-Charles La Tour(1595-1665) who sold the rights to Thomas Temple (1614-1674) and William Crowne (1617-1682) in return for five percent of the products.
October 2, Quebec, birth (III)-Anne Pelletier, Metis, daughter (II)-Jean Pelletier d-1698 and (II)-Anne Langlois, Metis, (1637-1704); married January 10, 1670 Quebec, Guillaume Lizot
October 7: Chateau Richer, birth (III)-Marguerite Cloutier, Metis, daughter (II)-Jean Cloutier, (1621-1690) and (II)-Marie Martin, Metis, (1635-1699); married November 14, 1674, Chateau Richer, Robert Caron.
October 16: Quebec marriage
(I)-Guillaume Bauche (1630-1687) to (II)-Marie Paradis Metis b-1642/43-1708)
daughter (I)-Pierre Paradis (1605-1675) and (II)-Barbe Guyon b- 1620 Metis?
[daughter (I)-Jean Guyon in Kebec 1618, d-1663 married 1620 Quebec Mathurine
Robin Metis/Indian d-1662]
(II)-Martin Bauche Metis b-1658 Quebec d-1703 St Francois married 1686 Ste Famille (II)-Therese Gaulin
(II)-Marie Bauche et Bauchet Metis b-1660 d-1703 St Anne married 1676 Ste Famille (II)-Framcoise Racine d-1714
(II)-Jacques Bauche Metis b-1662 Chateau Richer
(II)-Louise Bauche Metis b-1664 Ste Famille 1st married 1679 Ste Famille (II)-Pierre Asselin d-1694; 2nd married 1696 Ste Famille Nicolas Leblond
(II)-Guillaume Bauche Metis b-1666 Ste Famille married 1694 Ste Famille (II)-Marie Asselin
(II)-Claire Bauche Metis b-1668 Ste Famille married 1684 Ste Famille (II)-Jean Choret (1657-1699)
(II)-Anne Bauche Metis d-1670 Ste Famille
(II)-Anne Bauche Metis (1672-1690) Ste Famille
(II)-Charles Bauche Metis b-1674 Ste Famille
(II)-Joseph Bauche Metis (1676-1676) Ste Famille
(II)-Joseph Bauche Metis b-1677 Ste Famille married 1698 Cap St Ignace (II)-Marthe Lemieux
(II)-Marguerite Bauche Metis b-1678 Ste Famille married 1696 Ste Famille (II)-Charles Leclerc
(II)-Gervais Bauche Metis (1681-1699) Ste Famille
November: De la Poterie opened a trading post at Trois Rivieres; trading wine for beaver believing this would regulate the sale of liquor. The Savages do not amend their conduct, and complaints are made against the tavern. The Jesuits requested that the Governor not allow this practice. (I)-Louis D'Ailleboust de Couconge et d'Argentenay (1612-1660) governor of all Canada, decides that the tavern must be closed, according to the Jesuit records. The alleged decree did not force him to close down.
November 9: Quebec, birth (II)-Paul Vachon, Metis, died March 7, 1729 Cap de la Madeleine, ordained Quebec, December 21, 1680 son (I)-Paul Vachon (1630-1703) and (II)-Marguerite Langlois, Metis (1639-1697).
November 10: Quebec, marriage (I)-Nicolas Praye (Pre, Dupre) to (II)-Mathurine Buisson
November 20: A Dutchman (Otsirdiakhon) from New Holland visited Three Rivers to provide safe conduct to the Agnieronon peace team who returned 7 French prisoners and requested release of their prisoners. The terms of peace include they bring little girls as slaves for the Church. The French must have realized the savages love their children and would not give them up for slavery. They would be forced to conduct slave raids or continue warring with the French.
November 22: Quebec, birth (II)-Jean Rouleau, son (I)-Gabriel Rouleau dit Sanssoucy (1618-1673) and Mathurine Leroux, b-1636, epouse February 5, 1674, Ste Famille, Martin Mercier.
November 27: Ville-Marie (Montreal), marriage (II)-Laurent Archambault, (Metis?) b-1644, son (I)-Jacques Archambault (1604-1688), and Francloise Toureau, sauvageese, (1600-1663); married November 27, 1656, Ville-Marie (Montreal), Gilles Lauzon. Some say the Archambault family arrived New France, 1656, others say August 5, 1645 and others September 23, 1646.
December 6: Quebec, birth (II)-Pierre Soumande, Metis, died January 4, 1657, Quebec, son (I)-Pierre Soumande (1619-1689) and (II)-Simone Cote, Metis, b-1637
December 22: Quebec, birth (II)-Charles Rouillard, died March 11, 1679, Montreal, son (I)-Antoine Rouillard dit Lariviere (1616-1666) and Marie Girard, b-1640.
Twenty two marriages, eighty three births and thirty two deaths are recorded in Kebec, New France.
Quebec, birth (II)-Jacques Plante son (I)-Jean Plante, (1621-1706) to (II)-Francoise Boucher d-1711; married 1st November 13, 1686 Ste. Famille, Francoise Turcot; 2nd marriage Februaru 6, 1696, Chateau Richer, Genevieve Duchesneau
Jacques Bernard is listed as single but he married Catherine, likely savage, and had one know child Marguerite Rernard Metis born August 9, 1658 Three Hills. Jacque was involved in 29 cases of legal cases in Three Rivers. Frenchmen who took a country wife was officially listed as single. If they did not produce a child they are not considered a settler. The child had to be baptized to qualify as a settler. It's noteworthy that Champlain produced no children and therefore was not a settler.
The mission Ste. Anne de Beaupre de la Province de Quebec 35 km east Quebec city is established this year. Etienne Lessard, one of the first settlers, ceded some land for the construction of the first wooded chapel in 1658.
(II)-Pierre Esprit Chouart dit Radisson, Metis (1636-1710) joins the Jesuit Mission to the Onondaga (1657-1658) and increases his knowledge of Indian life.
(I)-Simon Denis b-1599
1st married Jeanne Dubreuil de St Vincent de Tours
2nd married Francoise DuTartre b-1621 d-1670 Quebec. I suspect she is Indian/Metis
(II)-Marie Gabrielle Denis b-1658 God daughter Abbe Queylus
In France: When a father gives a daughter in marriage, he allows her a dowry; Among the Savages, it is given to the girls father.
In France: The Man usually takes to his house the woman whom he married; Among the Savages, the man goes to the woman's house to dwell.
In France: If anyone fall into a fit of anger, or harbor some evil purpose, or meditate some harm, he is reviled, threatened, and punished; The Savages gives him presents, to soothe his ill-humor, cure his mental ailment and put good thoughts into his head.
In France: A workman does not expect pay until he completes his task; The Savage ask for it in advance.
In France: We are not very well pleased to see snow or hail fall; The Savage leap for joy as it falls.
In France: The dead are buried with the least possible clothing: The Savages dress the dead in their finest and include their favorite possessions.
In some parts of France: The dead are buried with their head turned towards the east; The Savages make them face the west.
(I)-Medard Chouart Des Groseilliers (1618-1696?) returned to Fort Quebec, having left in 1654 to make direct trading contact with the Ojibwa and Fox. He had passed south west of Lake Superior to the upper Mississippi. His objective was to bypass the Ottawa in trade and explore the south to curtail the westward expansion of the thirteen colonies. The mission of the Mountain of Ville-Marie (Montreal), at this time, contained one hundred and sixty able bodied men. A third of them married, and a census taken in 1665 showed a jump to five hundred and twenty five and, two years later, seven hundred and sixty six. The Mohawk attacked the Island of Orleans and carried off eighty prisoners who were under the protection of the French. Many prisoners are women, and they ransacked the houses in Quebec. The people huddled in the Fort and not a shot was fired in defense of the Wendat who are under the protection of the French. The Sulpician, a religious order, began working in the colony this year. Pierre de Voyer d'Argenson is appointed Governor New France from July 11, 1658 to August 30, 1661. King Louis XIV prohibited the sale of liquor to Indians in New France. The King assigned Father (I)- Francois Xavier de Laval Montmorency (1623-1708) as the first Bishop of New France. The Iroquois renewed their war with the French to stop the flow of furs to the mission of the Mountain of Montreal. About 100 settlers are killed by the Iroquois in the St. Lawrence River Valley.
The Sulpicians, a religious order, began working the New France Colony, thereby breaking the Jesuit monopoly. These Sulpitians directed the religious affairs of Ville-Marie (Montreal) thereby replacing the Jesuits in this settlement.
The French are aware that there are four routes to the North Sea, Tadoussac, Three Rivers, Nipisiriniens and via the Great Sault (Lake Superior). The standard of the day in map making is the distance is reckoned as 15 leagues per day going down-stream and 7-8 leagues per day going up-stream. One league = 3 miles. The basis of most French maps are Savage reports, Coureurs des Bois and Metis reports and they measured distance by days traveled to reach various destinations.
January 14: Trois Rivieres, birth (II)-Pierre Baillargeon, son (I)-Mathurin Baillargeon, b-1626 to Marie Metayer, b-1636:
January 17: Quebec, birth (II)-Rene Jacques Petit son (I)-Pierre Petit and Catherine Francoise Desnovers.
January 26: (I)-Pierre de Voyer d'Argenson (1612-1660) is appointed interim Governor of New France from September 18, 1657 (January 11, 1658) to July 11, 1658 (August 30, 1661).
January 30: Ville-Marie (Montreal), birth (II)-Cunegonde Gervaise, Metis, died April 27, 1715, Ville-Marie (Montreal) daughter (I)- Jean Gervaise, procureur fiscal (1621-1690), and (II)-Anne Archambault, Metis? b-1621, died July 30, 1699 Ville-Marie (Montreal); married January 14, 1676 Ville-Marie (Montreal) (I)-Jean Baptiste Lefebvre b-1651.
April 16: Trois Rivieres, Quebec, marriage, (I)-Pierre Couc dit Lafleur, b-1624, a Coureur de Bois, a soldier and interpreter, he died April 1690, St. Francois du Lac. He married April 16, 1657, Trois Rivieres, Quebec, Marie Mite8ameg8k8e (1631-1699) an Algonquine, she 1st married 1645 Assababich b-1620 and they had two children.
March 7: King Louis XIV prohibited the sale of liquor to the Indians in New France.
April 10: Quebec, birth (II)-Agathe Fournier, Metis daughter (I)-Guillaume Fournier, (1619-1699) and (III)-Francoise Hebert, Metis b-1637: married September 28, 1671, Quebec, Louis Gesseron.
April 16: Trois Rivieres, marriage (II)-Pierre Couc dit Lafleur b-1624,
(died August 6, 1665) Trois Rivieres son (I)-Nicolas Couc dit Lafleur
(1600-1675) and Elisabeth Templair; married, Marie Mite8ameg8k8e, an Algonquine
sauvagesse b-1631, died January 8, 1699 Trois Rivieres.
Marie 1st married 1645 Assababich b-1620 and they had two children;
**(III)-Catherine Couque, Metis b-1647
**(III)-Pierre Couque Metis baptised May 6, 1650 and father listed as Pierre Deschamps, d-1665 Trois Rivieres.
**(III)- Pierre Couque Metis died 1690 St Thomas, Pierreville
Marie 2nd married April 16, 1657 Trois Rivieres and had the following children:
*(III)-Pierre Couc Metis d-1665 Trois Rivieres
*(III)-Pierre Couc Metis d-1690 St Thomas, Pierreville
*(III)-Jeanne Couc Metis (1657-1679) Trois Rivieres
*(III)-Louis Couc (Couck) Metis b-1659 Trois Rivieres, married 1683 Marie Sauvagesse
1st married 1681 Sorel, Marie Madeleine Sacokie Sauvagesse
(IV)-Francois Couc Metis b-1682 Sorel
2nd married 1688 St Francois du Lac, Jeanne Quigesig8k8e b-1656
(IV)-Jean Couc Metis b-1688 St Francois du Lac,
*(III)-Marie Couc Metis b-1663
*(III)-Marguerite Couc (Couck) Metis b-1664, Trois Rivieres, married 1690 Detroit (II)-Jean Fafart (1657-1756), 2nd married 1702 (II)-Michel Masse (1671-1730)
*(III)-Elizabeth Couc Metis b-1667
*(III)-Madeleine Couc also called Lefebvre, Metis b-1669, married (II)-Maurice Menard b-1664
*(III)-Jean Baptiste Couc Metis b-1673, married Anne Sauvagesse
(IV)-Jean Baptiste Couc b-1706 Lachine
*(III)-Angelique Couc Metis b-1661 married Francois Singerny (St. Cerny)
* These children are attributed to (I)-Soldat Couc die Lafleur (1624-1665) who married Trois Rivieres April 16, 1657 Marie Mite8ameg8k8e Algonquine b-1631, d-1699 Trois Rivieres. **I think this is mixing two different people
April 16: Trois Rivieres, marriage (I)-Pierre Coug dit Lafleur, b-1624
married Marie Mite8ameg8k8e sauvagesse, b-1631, died January 8, 1699 Trois
Rivieres, others suggest above. Its possible there is confusion between
Marie 1st & 2nd marriage?
(II)-Pierre Couc Metis d-1665 Trois Rivieres
(II)-Marie Elisabeth Couc b-1656 Couc Metis d-1667 married 1684 Sorel, (I)-Pierre Joachim Germaneau aka Germano b-1656
(II)-Pierre Couc Metis d-1690 St. Thomas, Pierreville
(II)-Marguerite Couc Metis d-1664 married [two different marriages] Masse Fafart
(II)-Madeleine Couc Metis d-1669 married (II)-Maurice Menard b-1664
(II)-Jean Baptiste Couc Metis b-1673, married Anne Sauvagesse
May 27: Kabec, the ship Vierge arrives with captain Fabien Madot
May 29: Trois Rivieres, birth (II)-Jeanne Petit daughter (I)-Nicolas Petit dit Lapree, b-1631 to Marie Pomponnelle (1630-1700): married November 26, 1671, Trois Rivieres, Jean Gaultier
June 4: Trois Rivieres, baptism Jeanne Lafleur and (I)-Medard Chouart des Groseilliers (1618-1696) is Godfather.
June 22: Kabec the ship Taureau at 150 tonnage with gunner Jean Denilt and sailor Jean Riat, captain Elie Tadourneau.
July 14: Trois Riviers, Quebec, birth (III)-Jeanne Couc dit Lafleur, Metis, killed October 23, 1679, Trois Rivieres, daughter (II)-Pierre Couc dit Lafleur, (1624-1690) and Marie Mite8ameg8k8e (Miteouamigoukoue), an Algonquine, sauvagesse, (1631-1699). Jeanne was murdered by Jean Rattier duBuisson, on October 23, 1679, who was never punished.
Quebec, death, Peuvret, sieur de Margontier, killed at the Cape while bathing.
July 28: Trois Rivieres, birth (II)-Francoise Volant de St. Claude, Metis, died December 28, 1662 Trois Rivieres, daughter (I)-Claude Volant de St. Claude, b-1636 and (II)-Francoise Radisson, Metis. b-1636.
July 29: Fathers Gabriel Thubieres de Levy de Queylus (1622-1677), Gabriel Souart (1611-1691), Dominique Galinier and Antoine d'Allet (1634-1693) arrived in Quebec to found a seminary in Ville-Marie (Montreal).
July 30: Quebec marriage (II)-Rene Maheu son (I)-Zacharie Maheu dit Point Du
Jour b-1606 and Leonarde Fouquet de Mortagne; married to Jeanne Garnier
(III)-Rene Maheu b-1658 Quebec married 1682 Chateau Richer Barbe Boucher
August 7: Trois Rivieres or in the field, birth (II)-Marie Anne Chouart, died November 31, 1664, Trois Rivieres, daughter (I)-Medard Chouart des Groseilliers (1618/1621-1696) and (II)-Marguerite Hayet Radisson, b-1632
August 20: Kabec, the ship Armes d'Amsterdam at 250 tonnage arrives with captain Jacob Gilles, the Saint Sebastien captain Guillaume and Jean Poulet and at least one ship unknamed..
August 21: Three Frenchmen are killed at Ville-Marie (Montreal) by the
Onneiotchronnons (Iroquois). Dailleboust ordered the imprisonment of all
Iroquois at Ville-Marie (Montreal), Three Rivers and Quebec. Some 50-60 Savages are
placed in irons. In retaliation; Three French are captured at Three
Rivers in plain view of everyone. At Quebec the Iroquois appeared in the
fields killing the farmers and pounced upon the Alconquin women, killing them,
taking some away as prisoners, who were later recovered by the pursuing French, Huron's
and Algonquin's. The French alone in this pursuit numbered 200.
August 29; Quebec, birth (II)-Jean Francois Lienard died February 25, 1724 Pointe Aux Trembles son (I)-Sebastien Lienard dit Durbois (1628-1701) and (II)-Francoise Pelletier (1642-1707), veuve Joan Neriau; 1st married 1690 Marie Madeleine Arpot Sauvagesse (1673-1758); 2nd marriage Agnes Robitaille, also married Appelee Richard,
September 12: Temple and Crowne agree to divide Acadia. Thomas Temple (1614-1674) received the area from Lunenburg, Acadia ( Nova Scotia) to the St. George River, Maine.
September 13: Louis d'Aillebout de Coulonge is appointed administrator of New France from September 13 to July 10, 1658.
October 15: Kebec, birth (II)-Antoine Prevost, Metis, died March 16, 1662, Kebec, son (I)-Martin Prevost, (1611- 1691) and Marie Oliver Sylvestre Manitouabewich, Huron or Algonquin, b-1620
October 23: Quebec, birth (II)-Antoine Prevost, Metis, died March 16, 1661 Quebec son (I)-Martin Prevost (1611-1691) and Marie Olivier Sylvestre, Sauvagesse, (1626- 1665);
October 25: Montreal the Iroquois killed (I)-Nicolas Gode (1583-1657) widowing his wife Francoise Gadois (1586-1689)
November 19: Trois Rivieres, marriage (I)-Jacques Menard dit LaFontaine, b-1629: married Catherine Frontier, Jacques was involved in 26 court cases in Trois Riviers.
November 19: Trois Rivieres, birth (II)-Madeleine Pepin Metis, died July 8, 1722, Trois Rivieres, daughter (I)-Guillaume Pepin dit Tranchemontagne (1607-1697) and (II)-Jeanne Mechin Metis, b-1630; married April 7, 1671, Trois Rivieres, Francois Roussel
November 30: in the long point of Coste de Beaupre, Nicolas Maquart conceded in Jean Baptiste Halle a ground of 3 arpents by a a126 arpents depth, located between Jacques Vauclin and grounds not yet conceded on the territory which is now that of the Guardian Angel. This is two years before (I)- Louis Guerineau aka Garnaud (1634-1698) and (I)-Jacques Jacquereau b-1628 entrusted this ground to Jacques Vezina by contract.
December 10: (I)-Emmanuel Le Borgne (1610-1675) is appointed Governor of Acadia, which is still occupied by the English. This is likely an error as he only spent two years in Acadia 1653-1655 and was not a nice person and lacked the influence or capital for such a position. He died broke at Larochelle, France.
Thirty five marriages, ninety births and eighteen deaths are recorded in Kebec, New France.
The population of Port Royal, Acadia is no more than 250 souls.
(I)-Simon Baron, a Jesuit donnes and self taught surgeon is at Trois Rivieres having arrived 1637, 1634 Kebec and 1631 Cape Breton.
(I)?-Rene Chevalier (1626-1679) married about 1658 (II)-Jeanne Langlois
Metis daughter (I)-Noel Langlois dit Boisverdum, pilote (1606-1684), and Francoise Grenier
(Garnier), Algonquin Metis, born
area, died November 1, 1665, Quebec.
No marriage contract was found. (Francoise could be a Native or Metis? but
most likely a sauvagesse but with a French name likely Metis or adopted?)
(II)-Louise Chevalier Metis b-1659 Quebec d-1703 Beauport married (II)-Jacques Parent et Parant
(II)-Francois Chevalier Metis (1661-1661 Beauport
(II)-Jean Chevalier Metis b-1663 Quebec married 1686 Beauport (II)-Marie Madeleine Avisse
(II)-Guillaume Chevalier Metis b-1665 Quebec married 1689 Beauport (II)-Jeanne Gauthier et Gautier
(II)-Michel Chevalier Metis b-1670 Quebec married 1695 Beauport (II)-Charlotte Parent
(II)-Jeanne Chevalier Metis b-1673 Beauport d-1746 Quebec married 1692 Beauport (II)-Michel Parent
(II)-Marie Therese Chevalier Metis b-1674 married 1696 Beauport (II)-Etienne Parent
(I)-Father Claude Jean Allouez (1622-1689) arrived Kebec.
Birth (III)-Louise Cloutier, Metis, daughter (II)-Jean Cloutier, (1621-1690) and (II)-Marie Martin, Metis, (1635-1699); married October 24, 1679, Chateau Richer, Antoine Toupin.
Trois Riviers, birth (II)-Antoine Baillargeaun dit Durivage (February 22, 1699 at Kaskakin, Illinois) son (I)-Mathurin Baillargeon, b-1626 and Marie Metayer, b-1636 child od d'Etienne and Jeanne Robineau; 1st married Marie Aco; 2nd married likely 1700, Kaskakin, Illinois, Domitilde Ch8ping8a, sauvagesse.
Claude Dablon (1618-1697) a Jesuit and French settlers near Syracuse, New York fled to Canada to avoid massacre.
Louis Pinard, b-1636, surgeon married 1658 Marie Madeleine Hertal, Louis was involved in 32 court cases at Trois Riviers
(I)-Pierre You, Sieur De la Decouverte b-1669, died August 28, 1718,
Ville-Marie (Montreal) son Pierre You and Renee Turrot of St. Sauveur, La
Rochelle, Aunis, France, married likely 1693 Ville-Marie (Montreal) to Elisabeth Sauvagesse
Miami, 2nd marriage Madeleine Juste;
Child of Elisabeth; (II)-Marie Anne You, Metis b-1694 married August 15, 1718, Jean Richard (not listed Tanguay)
Children claimed of Madeline (II)-Louise You (1706-1728), and (II)-Marie Catherine You b-1708. (not listed Tanguay) these are baptism dates and maybe children of Elisabeth.
An order from the French King forbid the people of New France to leave the colony without the Governors permission in the form of a permit. Until this time, 50% of the indentured French returned to France after their indenture was complete. A permit is issued only to those who have a wife and children and considerable property, to return to France to conduct business. The three year indenture to New France became a life sentence. In effect, these French Canadians are no longer citizens of France.
(I)-Pierre de Voyer Vicomte d'Argenson (1625-1709) became Governor of New France on July 11, 1658 to August 31, 1661. It is said that he spent half his time defending New France from the Iroquois and the other half defending New France from the Jesuit Bishop, Father (I)- Francois Xavier de Laval Montmorency (1623-1708), who it was said "listened to no one" (Bishop Quebec 1659-1688) and the Jesuits. Lavel was a political appointment to undermine the Governors of New France in an attempt for the Jesuits to regain control. He urged a monopoly control over the fur trade and an increased agrarian population, but his advice was not heeded
The thirty years religious war had ended in Europe. Absolutism of one king, one faith and one law in France entrenched rather than used the promised tolerance. Religious tolerance, abolishment of witch hunts and inquisition persecution, is promised. The peasant population, especially the Protestants, continue to be harassed, and there are higher taxes to pay for the war. The people could see no immediate relief to their misery.
The Jesuit Bishop, Father (I)- Francois Xavier de Laval Montmorency (1623-1708), was made Apostolic Vicar in New France. He came under the direct authority of the Roman Papacy and not under the authority of the French Crown. Last year, the Sulpicians had taken over the parish of Ville-Marie (Montreal) and became seigneurs of the island. Within a few months they were feuding bitterly with the Jesuits and with Bishop Laval, after he arrived, over ecclesiastical jurisdiction. To complicate matters, the divided clergy was in bitter opposition with the Governor and merchants. New France was being torn apart, and they appealed to the French Crown to resolve their issues.
Kebec, 5 ships arrived, the Saint Joseph at 350 tonnage captain Fabien Marot, the Taureau at 150 tonnage captain Elie Tadourneau, the Prince Guillaume at 200 tonnage captain Jacques Jamain, the Saint Sebastien captain Guillaume et Jean Poulet and the Sacrifice d'Abraham at 300 tonnage pilopt Pierre Boileau and captain Elie Raymond.
January 25: Quebec, birth (II)-Anne Soumande, Metis daughter (I)-Pierre Soumande (1619-1689) and (II)-Simone Cote, Metis, b-1637; married November 21, 1672, Quebec, Francois Hazeur
February 4: Trois Rivieres marriage (I)-Florent
Leclerc (1619-1664) to Marie Gendre Metis/Indian, girl of Jeanne Grosse, veuve
1643 (I)-Jean Bourgey d-1657 & 1667 Trois Rivieres (I)-Francois Michelot
(II)-Florent Leclerc (de la Citiere) Metis (1659-1704) Trois Rivieres married 1685 Trois Rivieres (II)-Jeanne Aubuchron (1674-1748)
(II)-Jean Leclerc Metis (1660-1730) Trois Rivieres married 1689 Trois Rivieres Marie Claire Loiseau
(II)-Stephanie Leclerc Metis b-1663 Trois Rivieres
February 25: Trois Rivieres death (II)-Martin Dubois son (I)-Pierre Dubois
March 24: Montreal, birth (II)-Pierre Prud'homme, died March 29, 1703 Montreal son (I)-Louis Prud'homme (1608-1671) and Roberte Gadois, b-1626: married February 9, 1688, Quebec, Anne Chasle
April: The people of Beaupre request an inquiry concerning the life and morals of Father Vaillant of Cote de Beaupre. Father Vaillant counter charged the people of Beaupre as calumniators (slanders). Eighty-three witnesses are called, and Father Vaillant is condemned and ordered to pay costs.
April 12: Quebec, birth (II)-Ignace Pellerin son (I)-Pierre Pellerin dit St. Amand, b-1621 to Louise Mousseau, d-1707.
(II)-Alexander Le Borgne (1640-1693) moved to Le Heve that was burned by his father in 1653 and recently abandoned by the English. Thomas Temple from Boston moved against Le Heve and captured Borgne and sent him to England and prison.
May 1: likely Trois Rivieres, marriage (I)-Pierre Pineau dit La Perle (1631-1708) to Anne Boyer (1636-1704).
June 1: (II)-Pierre Esprit Chouart dit Radisson, Metis (1636-1710) and (I)-Medard Chouart Des Groseilliers (1618-1695/98) depart Quebec for Lake Superior and beyond, to visit the Dakota Sioux.
July 7: Quebec, (I)- Louis Guerineau aka Garnaud (1634-1698) joined with (I)-Jacques Jacquereau b-1628 to purchase a concession in Coste de Beaupre later called Guardian Angel
August 4: Trois Rivieres, birth (II)-Louis Petit son (I)-Nicolas Petit dit Lapree, b-1631 to Marie Pomponnelle (1630-1700): married 1st January 7, 1686, Boucherville, Marie Charles; 2nd marriage March 19, 1710, Varennes, Michelle Charter
August 6: Quebec, marriage (I)-Pierre Petit, (1633-1676) and Marie Godeau, b-1633, Pierre 2nd marriage July 6, 1663, Chateau Richer, Jeanne Morineau od diocese Lucon.
August 10: Construction of Hotel Dieu in Quebec is completed.
August 13: Quebec, birth (II)-Anne Rouleau, daughter (I)-Gabriel Rouleau dit Sanssoucy (1618-1673) and Mathurine Leroux, b-1636, epouse February 5, 1674, Ste Famille, Martin Mercier.
August 18: Quebec, birth (III)-Pierre Joseph Pinguet d-1691, son (II)-Noel Pinguet (1630-1685) to Marie Madeleine Du Pont, (1636-1696); married October 19, 1689, Montreal Catherine Tetard
September 1; Quebec, birth (II)-Marguerite Vachon, Metis, died June 24, 1703 Beauport, daughter (I)-Paul Vachon (1630-1703) and (II)-Marguerite Langlois, Metis (1639-1697); married September 1, 1658, Quebec, Jean Robert Duprac.
September 16: Montreal, marriage (I)-Jean Pichard to Louise Garnier, epouse
September 19, 1661, Montreal Jacques Morin
September 16: Montreal marriage Pierre Richaume dit Petrus a Hugenot b-1636 bapt 1660 d-1688 marriage to Marie Marthe et Jeanne Arnault et Arnue et Arnu (1632/36-1700/09) a Filles a Marier, it's not likely the French would allow a Hugenot to marry a Filles a Marier.
There is confusion concerning Jeanne, she might be Indian/Metis?
September 19: Trois Rivieres, birth (II)-Angelique Lefebvre, Metis, died December 4, 1735 Becancour son (I)-Pierre Michel Lefebvre, b-1616 and Jeanne Aunois, of the Indian Nation, b-1621, died February 11, 1697, Trois Rivieres: married married 1st Marie Madeleine Cusson: married 2nd Genevieve Guyet
September 29: Marguerite Bourgeoys and Jeanne Mance (1606-1673) departed Ville-Marie (Montreal) for France to recruit young girls to be teachers.
30: Quebec marriage (I)-Pierre DuBois Morel b-1625 to Francoise Meunier
(II)-Louse DuBoios Morel b-1669 married Michel Brouille
October 2: Quebec marriage (I)-Pierre Tremblay (1626-1687) to Anne Ozanne Achon (1633-1707) a filles a marier
October 14: Quebec marriage (I)-Charles Palatin
dit Lapointe (1631-1704)
1st married Jeanne Beausier et Beaucier (1618/1632-1676) a Filles a Marier epouse Francois Boisseau
2nd marriage 1677 Quebec Marie Bonin veuve Pierre Chalut
October 18: Quebec, birth (II)-Marguerite Poulain, died May 20, 1722, daughter (I)-Claude Poulain (1615-1687) and Jeanne Mercier (1622-1687): married Ste Anne August 7, 1673, (II)-Jean Amyot (Villeneuve) daughter (I)-Philippe Amyot and Anne Convert (1601-1675)
October 29: Trois Rivieres, marriage (I)-Louis Pinar, (1636-1695) to (II)-Marie Madeleine Hertel daughter (I)-Jack Hertel.
November 11: Trois Rivieres, birth (II)-Antoine Baillargeon, b-1658 Trois
Riviers, son (I)-Mathurin
Baillargeon, b-1626 and Marie Metayer, b-1636: married 1st Marie d'ACo;
married 1697/1700 Kaskakia (Illinois) Domitide Ch8ping8a (Choupingoua), Indian girl
(III)-Pierre Baillargeon Metis b-1701 Kaskakia (Illinois)
(III)-Michel Baillargeon Metis b-1711 Kaskakia (Illinois), d-1720 Montreal
(III)-Marie Baillargeon Metis (1725-1725)
November 11: Quebec marriage Jacques Lebreoue to Gabrielle Barre (1639-1688)
a Filles a Marier epouse 1659 Guillaume Laudry (1623-1689) first marriage was annulled,
not listed Tanguay nor are the alleged children
November 12: Quebec, marriage (I)-Jacques Rate, (1630-1690) to (II)-Anne Martin, Metis, b-1645 daughter (I)-Abraham Martin (1589-1664) and Marguerite Langlois, Metis
November 12: Montreal, marriage (II)-Nicolas Gode (1636-1697) son (I)-Nicolas Gode (1583-1657) and Francoise Gaddis (1586-1689) ; married Marguerite Picard b-1646, epouse October 20, 1681 Montreal Jean Pare
Thirty six marriages, ninety one births and thirty one deaths are recorded in New France.
Records indicate 36 marriages, 91 births, 31 deaths and 60 excedant (single?) in Kebec, New France. The Jesuit Bishop, Father (I)- Francois Xavier de Laval Montmorency (1623-1708), appealed to King Louis XIV to send troops to defeat the Iroquois barbarians.
Trois Rivieres, birth (II)-Jean Baillargeon, son (I)-Mathurin Baillargeon, b-1626 to Marie Metayer, b-1636:
Rene Chevalier (1626-1679) married most likely early 1659, (II)-Jeanne Langlois, Metis b-1643, Quebec daughter (I)-Noel Langlois (1606-1684) and Francoise Grenier (Garnier) d-1665, Sauvagesse
(I)-Jean Cordeau dit Desloriers b-1636 marriage Quebec to Catherine LaTour dit Simonet Metis b-1638 died February 4, 1678 Ste Family, likely the daughter of one of the LaTour brothers.
Nicolas Gosse b-1626 had a son Nicolas Gosse b-1660 arrived Quebec 1681
Trois Rivieres, birth (II)-Elizabeth Pepin Metis died December 31, 1697 Champlain, daughter (I)-Guillaume Pepin dit Tranchemontagne (1607-1697) and (II)-Jeanne Mechin Metis, b-1630; married November 16, 1671 Jean Arcouet dit Lajeunesse
Quebec, birth (II)-George Plante son (I)-Jean Plante, (1621-1706) to (II)-Francoise
Boucher d-1711; married November 5, 1685, St. Francois, Margeueite Crepeau.
(II)-Jean Baptiste Prevost, Metis, b-1659, died May 12, 1737, St. Augustin, son (I)-Martin Prevost, (1611-1691) and Marie Oliver Sylvestre, Sauvagesse, (1626-1665): married 1st. August 18, 1683, Quebec, (II)-Marie Anne Giroux, b-1607 daughter (I)-Toussaint Giroux: married 2nd February 3, 1712, Ste Foye, (III)-Genevieve Sedilot, daughter (II)-Jean Sedilot.
(I)-Medard Chouart Des Groseilliers (1618-1696?) ventured among the Wendat to persuade them to bring more pelts down the St. Lawrence River. In the Green Bay area, he heard stories of much untouched beaver, north of Lake Superior to the inland sea (Bay of the North or Hudson Bay) from des Groseilliers.
Birth (II)-Elizabeth Pepin, died Decenber 31, 1697, Champlain daughter (I)-Guillaume Pepin dit Tranchemontagne (1607-1697) and Jeanne Mechin, b-1630; married November 16, 1671, Trois Rivieres, Jean Arcouet dit Lajeunesse
Cap Breton, Acadia is commanded by Monsieur Denis.
(II)-Pierre Esprit Chouart dit Radisson, Metis (1636-1710) is taken on an unlicensed fur trading expedition to Lake Superior and Michigan by his half sister's husband, (I)-Medard Chouart des Grosseilliers (1618-1696). He learns, at this time, of the Bay of the North (Hudson Bay).
French in small boat.
Many small boats were being used on the St Lawrence River.
(I)-Louis Garnault is born 1634 baptised 1641 in Grimaudiere, France, died April 2, 1698 L'Ange Gardien, Quebec. The location of Grimaudiere is about five miles from Mirebeau, the district of Leveche de Poitiers (Vienne). He is the son of Pierre Garnault and Jeanne Barrault. He immigrated to New France under the name of (I)-Louis Garnaud (1634-1698). He was probably a Protestant and indentured for thirty-six months. La Rochelle, France is the most probable departure point to New France. La Rochelle is a sordid city because of its crowded and shabby streets, packed tightly about the waterfront. He probably arrived the summer of this year, maybe June1656.
Three ships arrived this year at Fort Quebec;
at 300 tonnnage with Captain Guillaume
Garneau not listed this ship.
Prince Guillaume- at 200 tonnage with Captain Guillaume Heurtin
Sacrifice d’Abraham- at 300 tonnage with Captain Isaie Guyesmeux
The accomplishments of the Jesuit missionaries from 1625 to 1659 are, to say the least, minor. The failure of their mission is more than compensated for by their activities as secular colonial agents.
Three Frenchmen are killed by the Iroquois at Ville-Marie (Montreal).
From 1659 to 1692, Port Royal, Jamaica aka Pirate Town, became a haven for rogues such as, Henry Morgan (1635-1688) [a pirate, Privateer, Admiral of the Royal Navy and Deputy Governor of Pirate Town] Pirates and Buccaneers were allowed to be Privateers but restricted to preying on the Spanish for pillage and plunder. Before its destruction the population of what became known as Pirate City was 6,500. It was considered as the Wickedest City on Earth at the time. Shortly after the earthquake survivors were pillaging the dead and their homes, drinking, gambling, swearing and whoring
29: Quebec, marriage (I)-Noel Jeremie de la Montagne b-1629 to (II)-Jeanne
Peltier Metis daughter (I)-Nicolas Peltier d-1675 and Jeanne Roussy Indian/Metis
(II)-Ignace Jermie Metis (1660-1666) Sillery
(II)-Catherine Gertrude Jermie Metis b-1664, Sillery 1st married 681 Champlain, (II)-Jacques Aubuchon, 2nd marriage 1688 Batiscan (I)-Michel Le Pailleur
(II)-Marie Charlotte Jermie Metis b-1667 Sillery d-1742 Batiscan, married 1682 Batiscan, (II)-Claude Le Pele (Lepelle) dit Lahaye d-1742
(II)-Nicolas Jermie Metis b-1669 Sillery, d-1732 Quebec
(II)-Francois Jermie Metis b-1671 married 1706 Ste Foye, (II)-Francoise Agnes Gingras b-678
(II)-Marie Madeleine Jermie Metis b-1674, d-699 Quebec married (II)-Louis Denis Mallet d-1704
(II)-Louis Jermie Metis b-1676
(II)-Noel Jermie Metis b-167
(II)-Pierre Jermie Metis (1681-1681)
(II)-Ignace Jermie Metis d-1684
(II)-Joseph Jermie Metis b-1687,d-1730 St. Nicolas, married 1706 St. Nicolas, (II)-Anne Rousseau (1683-1726)
February 18: Quebec, birth (II)-Marie Rouillard, died June 2, 1690 daughter (I)-Antoine Rouillard dit Lariviere (1616-1666) and Marie Girard, b-1640.
March 6: Ste Genevieve, Montreal, birth (V)-Marie Angelique Plouf, Metis, Daughter (IV)-Maurice Plouf and (V)-Marie Francois, Metis, b-1730: married June 27, 1689, Quebec.
March 2, Quebec, birth (III)-Rene Pelletier, Metis, son (II)-Jean Pelletier (1631-1698) and (II)-Anne Langlois, Metis, (1637-1704)
April 10: Quebec, birth (II)-Jacquelle Fournier, Metis daughter (I)-Guillaume Fournier, (1619-1699) and (III)-Francoise Hebert, Metis b-1637: married June 5, 1673, Quebec, Jean Prou.
April 15: Trois Rivieres, birth (II)-Marguerite Chouart, died June 22, 1711, Trois Rivieres daughter (I)-Medard Chouart des Groseilliers (1618/1621-1696) and (II)-Marguerite Hayet Radisson, b-1632. Godparents are Jean Guerin and (II)-Francoise Radisson, b-1636 Metis, (1635-1677) half sister of (II)-Marguerite Radisson b-1632.
May: Monsieur de la Citiere, L'Archevesque and Herosme upset a canoe returning from the Island of Orleans in heavy gale. Two Alguonquins, Jean de Noyon, a Jesuit domestic, departed Three Rivers on an embassy to Agnie, with Tigarihogen, 4 freed Iroquois Kebec prisoners, and three ambassadors from Oneiout.
May 1: Quebec marriage (I)-Mathurin Normandin (Sauvage) son Jean Normandin and Marie Desmaisons; married Suzanne Badeau epouse July 26, 1665 Kebec Jean De Rainville, daughter (I)-Jacques Badeau d-1658 and Anne Ardouin, likely sauvage. Tanguay suggests the name Normandin is Sauvage.
May 5: Ville-Marie (Montreal), birth (II)-Jeanne Gervaise, Metis, daughter (I)- Jean Gervaise (1621-1690), and (II)-Anne Archambault, Metis (1621-1699); married January 17, 1678, Ville-Marie (Montreal), Jean Dupuis.
May 22: Quebec, birth (II)-Louis Prye son (I)-Nicolas Praye (Pre, Dupre) and (II)-Mathurine Buisson
June: LaRose says the 'Flemish Bastard' is leading five Iroquois canoes to make war on the French.
June 9: Montreal, birth/death, (II)-Gabriel Froget, Metis, son (I)-Nicolas Froget dit Despatis, b-1620 and (II)-Madeleine Martin, Metis;
June 16: The Jesuit Bishop, Father (I)- Francois Xavier de Laval Montmorency (1623-1708), arrived in Quebec. It is more than ten years before Quebec would be made an Episcopal Sea with the Jesuit Bishop Father (I)- Francois Xavier de Laval Montmorency (1623-1708) as the first Bishop (1674). The Jesuit Bishop, Father (I)- Francois Xavier de Laval Montmorency (1623-1708), moved into a tiny two-story stone house, twenty by thirty feet in size and shared with three priests, a valet-cook and a gardener. Bishop Laval's mission is to assert the supremacy of Church over State.
June 22: Montreal, birth (II)-Joseph Pichard son (I)-Jean Pichard and Louise Garnier
June 29: Chateau Richer, birth (III)-Anne Cloutier, Metis, daughter (II)-Jean Cloutier, (1621-1690) and (II)-Marie Martin, Metis, (1635-1699); 1st married November 11, 1681, Chateau Richer, Paschal Mercier; 2nd marriage 1697, Antoine Buteau.
July 7: L'Ange Gardien, Quebec (I)-Louis Garnaud aka Garneau also Guerineau (1634-1698) and (I)-Jacques Jacquereau b-1628 acquired three arpents of land on the coast of Bowsprit (L'Ange Gardiens, Quebec) and in 1660 entrusted land to (I)-Jacques Vesinat who married Marie Bourdon
July 8: Monsieur St. Denis departed Kebec for Tadousac by canoe. Antoine des Rosiers escaped from the Onontageronons, Iroquois near Lake Ontario, and arrived at Three Rivers.
August: Lespine set out from Kebec to hunt for seals at Isle Rouge. He would return in September with 220 seals. Sieur Maheu had, this month, set out from Kebec for the cod fishery at Isle Percee. This month 54 livres of beaver skins were stolen from the warehouse at Kebec.
August: The Coureurs des Bois (I)-Medard Chouart Sieur Des Groseilliers (1618-1695/98) and his brother-in-law (II)-Pierre Esprit Chouart dit Radisson, Metis (1636-1710) returned to the south shore of Lake Superior to Chequamegon, Miles Lacs area of (Wisconsin).
August 1: Thirty three canoes of the Attikameg and Piskatang arrived to trade from inland, and 6 canoes of Sault (Ojibwa). They asked for some French to join them on their return home.
August 6: Six canoes of the Nation of Sault (Ojibwa) arrived at Three Rivers, traveling inland routes, and had taken five months to trade. They requested some Frenchmen accompany them on their return.
August 10: Three Rivers, Marie Sauvahesse a slave of Joseph Claude Boucher of Niverville, Three Rivers being harassed by wife and his/her mother a Marguerite Chastelin attacked the older woman with a knife. The slave retreated to the attic and hung herself..
September: L'Epine, a Frenchman, is killed at Three Rivers by the Iroquois. Monsieur Denis Mill on Cap Diamans began to grind grain. The ship St. Andre arrived at Kebec with 130 passengers. 9-10 died during the passage of contagious fever. The contagion was passed to those in the settlement and some died.
September 7: Marguerite Bourgeoys and Jeanne Mance (1606-1673) arrived at the Mission of the Mountain of Montreal with 62 men and 47 women settlers, to establish the congregation of Notre Dame.
September 12: Guillaume Routier is taken captive by the Iroquois while fishing eels at Cap Rouge.
September 14: Quebec, birth (II)-Pierre Soumande, Metis son (I)-Pierre Soumande (1619-1689) and (II)-Simone Cote, Metis, b-1637
September 18: Quebec marriage (I)-Antoinette Durand daughter Guillaume Durand
and Marguerite Le Tellier
1st married 1659 Quebec Marin Duval
2nd married 1661 Quebec Nicolas Delaunay
September 29: Quebec, birth (II)-Louise Picard daughter (I)-Jean Picard, d-1700, and (II)-Marie Caron, d-1660.; 1st married October 4, 1673Ste Anne, Louis Gagne; 2nd marriage October 12, Cap St. Ignace, Guillaume Lemieux.
October 4/18: Quebec, birth/death (II)-Pierre Rousseau son (I)-Symphorien Rousseau (1633-1688) and Jeanne Sinnallon.
October 5: Quebec, birth (II)-Therese Poirier, died September 26, 1693, Quebec, daughter (I)-Vincent Poirier dit Bellepoire, (1628-1703) and (II)-Francoise Pinguet, died May 30, 1661, veuve Pierre Delauney: married January 21, 1681, Quebec, Mathieu Guay
October 21: Quebec marriage (II)-Denis Guyon Metis d-1685 son (I)-Jean Guyon
d-1663 and Mathurine Robin Metis; married (III)-Elizabeth Boucher Metis b-1646
daughter (II)-Francois Boucher Metis b-1626 and Florence Gareman b-1629
(III)-Bertrand Guyon Metis (1662-1662) Quebec
(III)-Jacques Guyon Metis (1663-1733) Quebec, married 1688 Quebec (II)-Louise Niel
(III)-Francois Guyon Metis b-1666 Quebec
(III)-Denis Guyon Metis b-1669 Quebec
(III)-Marie Therese Guyon Metis b-1671 Quebec married 1687 Quebec (I)-Antoine De La Motre dit Cadillac b-1661
(III)-Joseph Guyon Metis b-1673 Quebec
(III)-Catherine Guyon Metis (1678-1781) Quebec
(III)-Elizabeth Guyon Metis b-1679 Sorel
(III)-Charles Louis Guyon Metis (1681-1782) Quebec
(III)-Jeanne Catherine Guyon Metis (1683-1784) Quebec
October 26: Montreal, death (I)-Sylvestre Vacher dit St. Julien, b-1622, killed by the Iroquois.
October 27: Quebec, birth Louise Chevalier, Metis, died September 29, 1703,
Beauport daughter Rene Chevalier (1626-1679) and (II)-Jeanne Langlois, Metis
b-1643, Quebec: married Jacques Parent
November 4: Quebec, marriage (II)-Pierre Pinguet dit La Glardiere b-1630, died April 22, 1704 Ste Foye, Quebec son (I)-Louise Henri Pinguet; married (II)-Anne Chevalier, Metis, daughter (I)-Charles Chevalier who lived 1645 Trois Rivieres, married a sauvagesse?, but not named.
November 17: Quebec, marriage (I)-Jean Cordeau dit Desloriers b-1636 and Catherine Latour dit Simonet Metis (1638-1678) most likely daughter of one of the LaTour brothers.
November 25: Trois Rivieres, birth (II)-Marguerite Volant de St. Claude, Metis, daughter (I)-Claude Volant de St. Claude, b-1636 and (II)-Francoise Radisson, Metis. b-1636: married 1675, (III)-Pierre Noel Le Gardeur..
November 27: Trois Tivieres, Quebec, birth, (II)-Louis Lafleur dit Couc, Metis, voyageur, he was assassinated in 1709, going to Albany, son (II)-Pierre Couc dit Lafleur (1624-1690) and Marie Mite8ameg8k8e (Miteouamigoukoue), an Algonquine, sauvagesse, (1631-1699); 1st married 1681/3, Madeleine Sacokie, (Marie Sauvagesse); 2nd marriage January 7, 1687 St. Francois-du-Lac, Yamaska, Quebec Jeanne Quiquetig8k8e or Ouigatigocon, b-1656.
December: The Governor and Bishop of New France are in a childish struggle as to who has the higher place at social functions. They even squabble over who should be incensed first at Holy Mass.
December 31: Quebec, birth/death (II)-Jacques Rate, Metis, son (I)-Jacques Rate, (1630-1690) and (II)-Anne Martin, Metis, b-1645.
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