METIS CULTURE 1733-1736



The French order the extermination of the last Fox (Ojibwa) Indians, some 50 boy warriors,
they are to take no prisoners.
The women and children are to be transported to Quebec and sold as slaves.
The other Ojibwa tribes are furious and destroy the French army, killing 60 French and 200 Indian allies.


  11/27/2012

  METIS HISTORY 1737-1740

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The French try to instigate war between the Dakota and the Ojibwa.
Some believe the Jesuits are behind this action.


1733  

(I)-Alexander Light joined HBC (1733-1743) Churchull, Moose River and East Main

(III)-Rene Bourassa dit La Ronde Jr.  (1718-1792) was a hired man out of Montreal, Quebec from 1733 to 1735 for Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), Lac Ouynipigon and Lac des Bois; 
son (II)-Rene Bourassa dit La Ronde Sr. b-1688 and married (1710) (II)-Agnes Gagne b-1692, married Magabeline Montreal [mother (III)-Rene] married (1721)  Catherine Leriger; 
(III)-Rene married likely 1743/44 at Michilimackie (III)-Anne Charlotte Veronica (Nannette) Chavalier [a Mackinac Metis] b-1726 Mackinac, bapt 1746, died 1792, daughter (II)-Jean Baptiste Chavalier (1677-1752) and (II)-Francois Alavoine Metis (1690-1756) daughter (I)-Charles Alavoine Metis d-1749 Montreal an ancient ships captain and Marie Therese Machard  Metis/Indian (1664-1728) Montreal likely daughter Marie Machard Machard (1632-1707) Montreal, a likely other son is Jean Baptiste Machard (1650-1749) Montreal.  Some suggest (II)-Jean Baptiste Chavalier d-1760 killed by Indians?
1st marriage unknown
    (IV)-Ignace Bourassa dit La Toche Sr. Metis married 1749 Mackinac Agathe Villeneeuve Amiot (it's possible this is son Sr?) or if of Jr. then it's a different mother.  It's also possible he is son Marie Anne penis b-1728 slave of Sr.
            (V)-Ignace Francois Xavier Bourassa dit La Roche Jr. Metis b-1750 
2nd married (III)-Anne Charlotte Veronica Chavalier [a Mackinac Metis] b-1726 Mackinac, bapt 1746, died 1792
    (IV)-Charlotte Ambrosine Bourassa dit La Roche Metis b-1746 Mackina
    (IV)-Anne Catherine Bourassa dit La Roche Metis (1747-1818)  born Mackinac; 1st marriage 1754 likely Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), Charles Michel Mouet (Moras) de Langlade Metis born 1724/29, and died 1800, British Green Bay, 2nd marriage October 12, 1773 British Fort Detroit, (Michigan),  (IV)-Jean Baptiste Leduc.b-1727
    (IV)-Rene Francois Bourassa dit La Roche Metis b-1744 died as an infant.
    (IV)-Julie Bourassa dit La Ronde Metis
    (IV)-David (Danial) Bourassa dit La Ronde Metis bapt 1752 Fort Detroit married Marguerite Bertrand
    (IV)-Charles Louis Bourassa dit La Ronde Metis b-1755 Mackina, bapt-1755 Fort Detroit
    (IV)-Anne Agnus Bourassa dit La Ronde Metis b-1757 Mackinae  married 1775 Fort Detroit (V)-Antoine Vaudry b-1747 
    (IV)-Louis Francois Xavior Bourassa Metis b-1758 Mackinac
    (IV)-Jean Baptiste Bourassa dit La Ronde Metis b-1761 Fort Makinae    
    (IV)-Angelique Genevieve Bourassa dit La Ronde Metis b-1763 married 1781 Fort Detroit Alexander Ouellet
    (IV)-Etienne Bourassa dit La Ronde Metis d-1764
    (IV)-Marie Charlotte Bourassa dit La Ronde Metis b-1767 Fort Detroit married (III)-Francois Demarsac
    (IV)-Catherine Bourassa dit La Ronde Metis b-1773
    (IV)-Charlers Jean Bourassa dit La Ronde Metis b-1781
    (IV)-Alex Bourassa dit La Ronde Metis b-1784 Detroit

Henri Louis Deschamps, sieur de Boishebert, born 1679, reported to (I)-Charles de Beauharnois de La Boische (1671-1749, Governor of New France (1726-1747), that he sent the Saulteurs, Missiagues, Outaouais (Ottawa) and Poutouatamis against the Chicachas.

Francois Louis Guyon dit Derbanne b-1666 sent Charles Leduc to the Sioux (Dakota).

Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), or further west birth (III)-Jacques Hamelin son (II)-Louis Hamelin (1681-1693) and Catherine Neveu; married Nipissing woman.

Michillimackinac, New France (Michigan) ,birth, (IV)-Marie Anne L'Archeveque et L'Arche died September 19, 1763, Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), daughter (III)-Augustin L/Archeveque et L'Arche b-1702 and Marie Madeleine Reaume; married Augustin Gibaut.

Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), marriage, Pierre Levrior born February 22, 1707 son Antoine Levroir (Laferte) (a.k.a. Antoine Theroux) born 1677 died February 22, 1759; Pierre married Rose Poitevin in 1733. 

(I)-Michel Parmier et Palmier dit Beaulieu b-1700 is listed as a voyageur.

(III)-Louis Pichard born February 6, 1692 Lachine, Quebec son (II)-Louis Pichard (1659-1699) and Marie Fortin, elle epouse April 26, 1700, Lachine, Quebec Jean Chotard;  married 1733 Marie Anne Padoka des Ricaras, a Cahokia sauvagesse, died July 27, 1757; epouse August 22, 1749 Cahokia, (III)-Joseph Dorion, b-1717.
    (IV)-Marie Louise Pichard Metis (1734-1758), married 1754 Cahokia, (III)-Etienne Magnan b-1721
    (IV)-Marie Louise Pichard Metis (1741-1743), Cahokia
    (IV)-Louis Pichard Metis b-1743, Cahokia 
    (IV)-Marie Catherine Pichard Metis b-1745, Cahokia 
    (IV)-Agnes Pichard Metis b-1747, Cahokia, married 1787 St. Louis, Mo, Charles Belanger 

Joseph Robson, a stonemason, spent a three year term in the Hudson Bay, only to return in 1744 as a surveyor and supervisor of buildings.

The once proud Nation of Fox, a.k.a. Renard, Ojibwa Indians, now contains some 100 people and only 50 warriors; some mere boys.  The estimate of their numbers on first contact ranges from 2,500 to 10,000 people.  The French Governor, (I)-Charles Beauharnois de La Boische (1671-1749), orders Villiers and his sons to exterminate the remaining Fox without the taking of any prisoners.  The women and children are to be transported to Quebec and sold as slaves.  Their great Chief, Kiala, is to be sent to the West Indies to die under hard labor.  All surrounding tribes are horrified and returned their Fox captives to rebuild the Fox stronghold.  Sixty French from Mackinac, New France (Michigan) and 200 Indians under Villiers' command are killed in battle.  Governor (I)-Charles Beauharnois de La Boische's (1671-1749) extermination plan backfired, forcing the French to again flee the area.  The Ojibwa of Lake Superior are also indignant at this French assault.  Francois Antoine Lefebvre Duplessis Faber Regnard (1689-1733), commander of Green Bay, New France (Wisconsin), is one of the French killed by the Sauk at their village.

As a result of the French actions, the Mississippi River has become unsafe.  It is necessary to build a fort at Cahokia des Illinois with a twenty man garrison; under the command of Montchervaux.

Joseph Adams at Albany Fort, James Bay, called the Lake Superior Ojibwa 'the French Canada Indians' because they traded primarily with the Canadians.  Adams had a Cree wife.  He claimed her Ye Blood Royal.  The Hudson Bay records the Ojibwa as Ocipwe, Echeepoes and Oachiapoia Indians.  The Cree carried messages between the English of Hudson Bay and the French of Fort Saint Charles, Lake of the Woods; the round trip being 30 days.  La Verendrye reported that the Monsoni and Cree are planning to attack their brothers, the Ojibwa of La Pointe, Ojibwa Country (Wisconsion).  (II)-Pierre Gauthier de Varennes et de La Verendrye (1685-1749) reported when he confronted them, not to attack the Ojibwa; that they said they are going to attack the Dakota Sioux.  (II)-Pierre Gauthier de Varennes et de La Verendrye (1685-1749) provided guns, powder, knives and other necessities for war.  This does not sound like the actions of a man concerned about the Ojibwa.  Three hundred of La Verendrye's Indians attacked a scouting party of three Ojibwa and Dakota Sioux, killing one.  The others escaped to warn the main hunting party.  The results of subsequent encounters are not recorded.  Some Ojibwa believe that La Verendrye Company and the Jesuit are getting even for the La Pointe Ojibwa rejecting the missionaries from their Country.  Father Messaiger of the La Verendrye party, weakened by privations and sickness, renounced his mission of evangelizing the savages and returned to Quebec, Quebec.  Some speculated that he was fully aware of the potential future retaliation and that is the reason for his departure.  Future actions of Father Nau, the Jesuit, confirmed their fears that the action is in retaliation for trading in La Verendrye and Company trading territory.  The action from a La Pointe, Ojhibwa Country (Wisconsin) perspective, is that a Holy War is in progress.  La Verendreye and his nephew, (II)-Christophee DuFrost (Dufros) (1708-1736) de La Jemerais (Jemeraye) returned to Montreal, Quebec.

(II)-Pierre Gauthier de Varennes et de La Verendrye (1685-1749) said that the Cree had advised him that the Ouachipouennes (Dakots Sioux who go underground) lived 300 leagues from the Lake of the Woods.  They have eight villages.  They raise corn, melons, pumpkins, beans, horses and cats.  They live in dwellings constructed of wood and earth, built like French houses.  Some have light hair, some red and some black.  They speak a language like French, but not like English.  They dress in ox-hide, use earthen pots and have large axes; all worn away by use.  Their boats are made from animal skins, and they walk with their feet turned out.  The Cree and Assiniboin have captured a number of their children.  (II)-Christophee DuFrost (Dufros) (1708-1736) de La Jemerais (Jemeraye) took three captives of the tribe to Montreal, Quebec.  These children said that they had horses and cats at home; just like the French.  (II)-Pierre Gauthier de Varennes et de La Verendrye (1685-1749) reported the Monsoni, Cree and Assiniboin revealed their iron mines just five day journey from Fort St. Charles, where they manufacture bracelets.  This excessive outflow of premises indicates the actions of a man who has made a grave tactical error and is attempting to secure a tenuous position.

(III)-Jean Baptiste Gaultier de La Verendrye (1713-1736) and (II)-Christopher DuFrost alias Dufros (1708-1736) de La Jemerais arrived at Barriere of the Esturgeons on the Winnipeg River.  Fort Maurepas, later called Bas de La Riviere, and Fort Alexander or Winnipeg Lake Fort, are established in 1734, near the mouth of the Winnipeg River (Onessipi or Maurepas River).  Jean Baptiste Gaultier remained in charge of the Fort until relieved by La Jemerais in 1735.  This Fort is located 6 miles (10 km) north of Selkirk, Manitoba.

Georgia is established by James Oglethorpe (1696-1785) as a debtors asylum.
A great number of people in the North West died this winter of 1733-34 from smallpox.

Prairie Du Rocher (Rock Prairie) (Randolph Co., Illinois) is established this year about five miles east of old Fort Chartres. 

The Great Nordic Expedition (1733-1743) is ordered by the Russian Czar Peter (Peter the Great).  He sent out 10,000 men to chart the Russian coast, the American coast, China coast and Japan.  It is believed they charted down to Mexico.  Some consider this the largest expedition the world has seen.  However the Chinese commissioned 28,000 to 30,000 men to chart the world in 1421. 

In New Mexico La Iglesia de Santa Cruz de la Canada, mission was built.

January 22:  Likely west of Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), birth, (IV)-Jacques Hamelin (Gueniere) Metis baptised Novenber 25, 1738 Michillimackinac, New France (Michigan), died July 16, 1767 Hospital General, Montreal, Quebec, daughter (III)-Charles Francois Hamelin dit LaGunnier also La Gueniere, Gueniere and LaGuenier born July 8, 1714 Grondines died 1760, called an ancient voyager  and his slave woman Marie Athanase a Sauteux woman born about 1708, baptised November 27, 1738, Michillimackinac, New France (Michigan), died March 19, 1745 or 1744 Pte St. Ignace.

January 14:   Mackinac, New France (Michigan), baptism, Philippe Bolon son Gabriel Bolon and Susanne Menard.

January 19:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), death, Angelique Esteve (1712-1733) wife Pierre Belleperche.

January 22:  (IV)-Jacques Hamelin, Metis son (III)-Charles Francois Hamelin dit LaGunnier also La Gueniere, Gueniere and LaGuenier ( 1714-1760) called an ancient voyager  son (II)- Jacques Hamelin La  Gueniere (1680-1728) and (II)- Antoinette Richard La Vallee (1689-1759) and married 1st about 1730 (church wedding November 27, 1738) his slave Ikwe (Ojibwa Woman) Marie Athanase a Sauteux woman born about 1708 baptised November 27, 1738, Michillimackinac, New France (Michigan), died March 19, 1745 or 1744 Pte St. Ignace, 2nd marriage February 4, 1748 Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), Catherine Anastasie (Marie Athanase) Sauteux (1725-1748) daughter of Mouus Sauteux and slave of 1st wife, 3rd marriage 1760 Montreal, Quebec, to girl born 1742 and at this time Marie Athanese was alive in Quebec, Quebec, saying her husband was dead in 1757.

February 9:  Montreal, marriage (II)-Joseph Marchetteau dit Desnoyers b-1699 2nd marriage (III)-Elisabeth Lrduc b-1711. 1st marriage February 1, 1728 Fort Detroit a (IV)-Madeleine Robert (1711-1730). 

February 10:  Detroit, marriage (I)-Robert Navarre (1709-1791) and (III)-Marie Barrois, Metis, daughter (II)-Francois Barris dit Lothman and Marie Anne Sauvage, b-1697.

February 25:  Detroit, death, Jean Baptiste Cassee dit St. Aubin born 1705/06, died of smallpox; married Magdeleine Pruneau daughter Jean Pruneau and Suzanne Bellanger, of Quebec, July 31, 1731. 

March 22: Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth (III)-Alexis Seguin, son (II)-Joseph Seguin dit Laderoute, b-1694, died April 29, 1753, Detroit and (II)-Francoise Sauvage, b-1700; married January 30, 1758, Detroit, Marie Agathe Campeau

April 4:  Detroit, birth, (III)-Francois Barrois, son (II)-Francois Varrois dit Lothman and (II)-Marie Anne Sauvage, b-1697.

April 5:   Mackinac, New France (Michigan), baptism, Charles Dominique du Plassy born 1729 son Pierre Du Plassy (Plasse).

April 13:  Deschambault, Quebec, marriage, (II)-Denis Joseph Couturier, Metis son (I)-Jacques Couturier b-1646 and Catherine Annennontak, Huronne, b-1649, veuve 1662 de Jean Durand (1636-1671); 1st married January 11, 1712 Becancour, Quebec Catherine Proteau born June 28, 1691, died March 31, 1717 Ste Anne de la Perade (dans l'eglise) dauighter (I)-Luc Proteau (1668-1752) and (II)-Marie Madeleine Germain (1670-1757);  2nd marriage February 21, 1718 Cap-Sante, Quebec, Angelique LeTellier, b-1699, died December 7, 1729 daughter (I)-Francois Letellier; 3rd marriage April 13, 1733 Deschambault, Quebec (II)-Therese Hamel, b-1707, died March 14, 1737 St. Pierre les Becquets, veuve de Jean Tousignan, daughter (II)-Jean Francois Hamel.

May 11:  Montreal, marriage, (II)-Etienne Petit dit Boismorel, a voyager and merchant b-1692 married (III)-Anne Chauvin (1709-1744).

May 19:  Fort Detroit,(Michigan) birth  (III)-Francois Meloche,  son (II)-Pierre Meloche (1701-1760) and (III)-Jeanne Caron b-1709; married November 4, 1755 Fort Detroit (IV)-Marie Francois Lauzon born September 5,1739 Fort Detroit, daughter, (III)-Nicolas Lauzon (1693-1779) and (II)-Marie Louise Chauvin b-1696, died March 6, 1766,  veuve de Julien Francois Becmont..

June 1:  Ste Anne de la Perade, marriage, (III)-Joseph Baril to (III)-Marie Joseph Couturier Metis born January 18, 1716 Ste Anne de la Perade, Quebec, died January 15, 1746 Ste Anne de la Perdade (dans I'eglise), daughter (II)-Denis Joseph Couturier, Metis, b-1681, and Catherine Proteau (1691- 1717).
    (IV)-Joseph Baril Metis (1735-1735) Ste Anne de la Perade
    (IV)-Joseph Baril Metis (1736-1755) Ste Anne de la Perade
    (IV)-Marie Joseph Baril Metis b-1738 Ste Anne de la Perade
    (IV)-Jean Baptiste Baril Metis b-1740 Ste Anne de la Perade, married 1767 Ste Anne de la Perade, Marie Joseph Morand
    (IV)-Joseph Baril Metis (1742-1748) Ste Anne de la Perade
    (IV)-Charles Baril Metis (1744-1746) Ste Anne de la Perade

June 24:  Detroit, birth (III)-Jean Baptiste Lachenaye, Metis, son  (II)- Philippe Lachenaye, b-1699 and (III)-Marguerite Tessier, Metis, (1701-1715).

June 26:  Fort Detroit, death, Joseph Morand b-1707

July 11:   Mackinac, New France (Michigan), baptism, (III)-Angelique Chevalier daughter (II)-Jean Baptiste Chevalier (1677-1752) and (II)-Francois Alacoine (1690-1756), elle epouse, plus, tard (later in life), Jacques LeSage; married 1st February 22, 1759, Antoine Nicolas Lauzon, of Detroit New France (Michigan), married 2nd May 26, 1775, Detroit, Louis Casse dit St. Aubin.

August 2:   Mackinac, New France (Michigan), baptism, Antoine la Fortune born 1728 son La Fortune.  (see below, same person?)

August 2:  Michillimackinac, baptism (IV)-Antoine Letellier, Metis, born 1728 son (III)-Jean Baptiste Letellier, b-1696, a voyager and Marie Joseph Nipissing, sauvagesse.

August 3:   Mackinac, New France (Michigan), baptism, Charles Dominique Duplessis et Duplassey born 1729, son Pierre du Plasse (Plassy) aka Duplanty source Tanguay.

August 4:   Mackinac, New France (Michigan), baptism, Maurice du Plasse (Duplanty) born 1729, son Pierre du Plasse (Plassy) aka Duplanty according to Tanguay.

August 4:   Augustin Mouet, sieur de Langlade (a.k.a. Sieur de d'Englade, born 1703, died 1771/77) hired Jacques Chevalier for a voyage to the (Dakota) Sioux. 

October 16:   Mackinac, New France (Michigan), baptism, Marie Anne Blondeau daughter Thomas Blondeau

September 16:  Marriage Jacques Boutin to (II)-Marie Anne Chesne b-1690 died February 13, 1738 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), daughter, (I)-Pierre Chesne born 1654 and (I)-Louise Jeanne Bailly (Bailli) (1663-1700).  This is Marie's second marriage, 1st marriage about 1714 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), (II)-Jacques Godfroy de Montboef  (1684-1730). 

November 13:  La Riviere du Loup, death Jean Baptiste St. Cerny, Metis, b-1726 son Pierre St. Cerny and his slave wife Isabelle Panis

December 18:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth, (III)-Joseph Desrosiers dit Dutremble son (II)-Jean Desrosiers dit Dutremble (1657-1704) and (II)-Francoise Dandonneau born 1665.

 

 

1734  

Rene Cartier (1685-1767), one of La Verendry's bourgeois or partners, traveled to Lake Winnipeg to construct a trading post- Fort Rouge (Fort Garry, Winnipeg).  This would later be called Fort Gibralter, Fort Selkirk and Fort Douglas.  This Fort, however would be abandoned in 1738. 

Alexander Rene Dagneau Douville (1698-1773/74) is stationed Fort Frontenac (Kingston, Ontario) 1734/36, serving as an interpreter. 

(III)-Louis Denis, Monsieur de La Ronde (1675-1741) established a ship building community at Point Aux Pins, near Sault Ste Marie, New France (Michigan/Ontario) son (II)-Pierre Denis (1630-1708) Sieur de La Ronde married 1655 Quebec (II)-Catherine Le Neuf b-1640 daughter Jacques Le Neuf (1606-1665) and (II)-Margeur b-1608.  (III)-Louis Denis commander Point aux Pins, Fort at La Pointe de Chequamegon married 1709 Louise Chartier (1691-1761)   

Pierre Gamelin (Maugra/dit Gauche) Jr. b-1697 and his brother, Michel Gamelin, were hiring for Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan) and Poste de la Riviere St. Joseph des Illinois (Pres de Windsor, Co. Lambton, Ontario).

Major de Gruis, a French officer, is stationed at Kaskaskia (Illinois), and is trying to obtain a copper mining permit on the Mississippi River system.

Pierre Hertel de Moncours (1687-1739), son Francois Joseph Hertel de Moncour (1642-1722), is the military commander at Green Bay, New France (Wisconsin), but was recalled back to New France because of his disputes with the fur traders. 

Antoine Houle is a boatman hired to go to Sioux Fort.

(IV)-Marie Louise Pichard, Metis, b-1734, died July 28, 1757, Cahokia, (Illinois) daughter (III)-Louis Pichard b-1692 and Marie Anne Padoka des Ricaras, a Cahokia sauvagesse; married August 12, 1754, Cahokia, Illinois, (III)-Etienne Magnan b-1721.

Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth, Elisabeth Reaume (1734-1748) daughter Hyacinthe Reaume (1704-1774) and Agathe Lacelle (1709-1778): married 1751 Joseph Poupard dit Lafleur.

Father L.F. Nau, the Jesuit, of Sault Saint Louis- three and one half leagues from Montreal, Quebec, is elated that four Coureurs des Bois are firmly dealt with, one being sent to the galleys; one fastened to the carcan; and two publicly whipped within the last two months.  If these French were not allowed into New France,  the missions would be full of Saints- he contends.  He believes the officials in Canada are not looking for the Western Sea but for the Sea of Beaver.  This is a direct criticism against the La Verendrye Company who is chartered to find the Western Sea.  

The French contend that the holy Father, Nau, and his predecessors are encouraging the Iroquois, under their command, to be war like and strike out against their neighbor.  This, he claims, is proof of their valor.  He especially likes them to attack the Sac and Ojibwa Fox because the Iroquois take slaves for the Jesuits to convert and baptize.  Father Nau said;  it was this, (slavery) that the Devil himself unwillingly becomes the occasion of these wretched fugitives, by making it less difficult for them to embrace Christianity.  Father Nau would not see the cause and effect, as the Sacs and Ojibwa Fox would burn Father Guignas at the stake in 1735.  He assumed the Indians were incapable of intelligent thought.  This is the prevailing attitude of the Jesuits, according to Father Vivier.  They are Savages; hardly believed to be men.  The smoking torch is in the Jesuit's hands, and their damnation is in his own hand writing.  The Ojibwa Nation considered the Black Robe, especially the Jesuits, to be very evil people, and have avoided them most of last and this century.

Nicolas Joseph de Noyelles, sieur de Fleurimont (1694-1767) led the third French army against the Fox but had to retreat, as their Kickapoo allies would not support the French against their brothers- the Fox.  Celoron at Mickinac, New France (Michigan) could muster no support among the Metis or Coureurs des Bois for des Noyelles.

To attempt to control the fur trade of the North West,  Father Aulneau is ordered on a 1,200 league trip to the interior.  He is to go to Lake Winnipeg and beyond, for some 400 leagues to the south west, and that should place him in California.  Father Pe is stationed at Mimakinac, New France (Michigan), and Father Guignas is in the Illinois at this time.  It is noteworthy that no official French expedition has reached Lake Winnipeg at this time, but the Coureurs des Bois and Metis have the run of the place and this would inflame the Jesuits.

The Hudson Bay men are amazed at the intimacy that united the Indian and Canadians.  They could not, at this time, clearly tell the difference between the French Coureurs des Bois and the Metis.  Indian Metis and French Coureurs des Bois now became those Canadians.  Some attempted to be more specific of those Coureurs des Bois, using terms like Franco-Indian or Half- French, Naturalized Indian.   Resentment against the Quebec French, however, is building among the Indian and Metis.

(III)-Jean Baptiste Gaultier Gautier de La Verendrye (1714-1736) built and commands Fort Maurepas, six miles north of Selkirk, Manitoba on the Red River of the North, until 1735.  Marin Urtebise, alias Heurtebise (Hurtebise) (1697-1749) of Fort Pierre, reported that 300 Monsoni and Cree are ready to again start war against the Ojibwa and Dakota Sioux.  La Verendrye contends that he warned them that it was alright to war against the Mascoutens Pouanes (Planes Sioux) but not the La Pointe Ojibwa.  La Verendrye intentionally used the name Mascoutens Pouanes, knowing full well they are Dakota Sioux.  The obvious reason is to distort current activities.  The Bourgeois of Fort Saint Charles begged for war against the La Pointe Ojibwa.  (II)-Pierre Gauthier de Varennes et de La Verendrye (1685-1749) allowed his son, Jean Baptiste, to become a War Chief of the 600 Cree and Monsoni, in order to cement the alliance.  The war party attacked the La Pointe Ojibwa and their allies, the Dakota Sioux.  La Verendrye would later claim that his son did not actually go with the war party.  It is becoming very clear that the Jesuit, and some French Bourgeois, have been distorting history to instigate war between the Dakota Sioux and their neighbors, the Ojibwa, Assinboin and Cree.

Lake Winnipeg derived from the Cree words Win-dirty, and Mepe-water has been renamed numerous times over the years.
            Lac des Assinipoualac southern; Lac des Christineaux northern by French maps 1695 to 1719
            On another map by DeLisle the whole lake is marked Asselepolis    
            Ouinipigon by Verendrye - 1734
            Ouinipique by Dobbs - 1742
            Vnipignon by Galissoniere - 1750
            Ouinipeg by Bougainvilte - 1757
            Ouinipigon by Jefferys - 1760
            Ouinipigue by French map - 1776
            Winnepeck by Carver - 1768
            Winipegon by Henry - 1775
            Winipac by Mackenzie - 1789
            Winipack by Harmon - 1800
            Winipic by Pike - 1805
            Winipic by Lord Selkirk - 1810
            Winiepic by Ross Cox - 1817
            Winnipac by School Craft - 1820
            Winnepeek by Keating -1823
            Winipeg by Beltrami - 1823
            Winnipeg by Capt. Black - 1833

If you think the Red River settlement dates to 1810 and Selkirk, think again, it dates to at least 1750's by recorded birth records and likely earlier..

January:   (III)-Jean Baptiste Gaultier Gautier de La Verendrye (1714-1736) is left by his father to live among the Cree who adopted him as one of their own.

January 1:   Michillimackinac, New France (Michigan), baptism, Francois DuBreuil (Renard) born 1732 of the Renard Nation a slave of M. DuBreuil (DuBreuil).

January 1:   Michillimackinac, New France (Michigan), birth, (IV)-Marie Joseph Ester L'Archeveque et L'Arche, born January 1733,  daughter (III)-Augustin L/Archeveque et L'Arche b-1702 and Marie Madeleine Reaume; married August 2, 1748 Michillimackinac, New France (Michigan), Joseph Baritau.

January 8: Fort Detroit, death (I)-Francois Fafard, dit Lapavanne who married November 3, 1683, Champlain, (II)-Marie Marguerite Jodin (1666-1711)

January 28:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), death, Francois Fafard dit Delorme (1654-1734), farmer and interpreter and 1st wife Magdeline Marguerite Jobin, 2nd wife Barbe Loisel. 

February 10:  Fort Detroit, marriage (I)-Robert Navarre b-1709, died November 24, 1791 Fort Detroit; married (III)-Marie Barrois dit Lothman Metis daughter (II)-Francois Barrois Lothman and (II)-Marie Anne Sauvage, b-1697.
    (II)-Marie Francoise Navarre Metis b-1735 Detroit married 1763 Detroit 1st (I)-Georges MacDougal 2nd marriage 1784 Detroit (IV)-Jacques Campeau b-1735
    (II)-Marie Anne Navarre Metis (1737-1773) Detroit, 1st married 1760 Detroit (IV)-Jacques Desbuttes dit Baudy (1733-1768), 2nd married Antony
    (II)-Robert Navarre Metis b-1739 Detroit married 1762 Detroit (III)-Marie Louise DeMarsac b-1744 
    (II)-Joseph  Navarre Metis (1748-1748) Detroit
    (II)-Marie Catherine  Navarre Metis (1749-1751) Detroit
    (II)-Bonaventure Marie Pierre  Navarre Metis (1753-1764) Detroit
    (II)-Marie Catherine Navarre Metis b-1757 Detroit married (I)-Alexander Macomb
    (II)-Francois Navarre Metis b-1759 Detroit married 1781 Detroit Marie Louise Godet daughter Rene Godet
    (II)-Jean Marie Alexis Navarre Metis b-1763 Detroit

March 25:  Montreal, birth (III)-Louis Baptiste Lefebvre, Metis, born March 25, 1734, Montreal son (II)-Charles Lefebvre, Metis, b-1692 and (III)-Francoise Gaudry, b-1697.

April:   Sieur de la Verendrye is informed that the King of France will not incur any expense to aid in his discovery.  La Verendrye obtained a map from Ochagaca that named the Rocky Mountains, Montagnes de Pierres Brilliantes or Mountains of Bright Stones, which was later changed to Shinning Mountains.  It is noteworthy that the Spanish named them Sierra Nevadas in 1556.  It is very doubtful if any of Verendtye's men actually saw the mountains themselves at this time.

April 5:   Mackinac birth (V)-Marie Anne Amiot, Metis daughter (IV)-Jean Baptiste Ambrose Amiot born 1694 and Marie Anne Kitoulague sauvagesse died August 16, 1759 Mackinac

April 18:  Detroit, birth (IV)-Marie Louise Leduc, died September 26, 1766 daughter (III)-Jean Leduc, b-1684 and (III)-Marie Catherine Descary (Cary) (1696-1761); married September 23, 1754 Detroit Pierre Desnoyers.

April 19:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth, (IV)-Francois Campeau, daughter (III)-Jean Louis Campeau (1702-1774) and (II)-Marie Louise Robert died 1776.

May 12: Detroit birth (IV)-Marie Veronique Bouchard b-1734 daughter (III)-Antoine Bouchard dit Dirval b-1700 and (III)-Francoise Veronique Hubert b-1706 
 

May 18:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), marriage, (II)-Francois De Marsac de Cobtrou son (I)-Jacob de Marsac, de Cobtroin dit Desrocher (1667-1747), sergeant, wife (III)-Therese David (1661-1727): married (III)-Therese Cecile Campeau born June 16, 1714 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), died November 22, 1746 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), daughter (II)-Jacques Campeau (1677-1751) and Jeanne Cecile Catin (1681-1715)
    (III)-Cecile DeMarsac (1735-1809) Fort Detroit married 1776 Fort Detroit Vital Sarrazin Depelteau 
    (III)-Francis DeMarsac (1736-1777) Fort Detroit married 1767 Fort Detroit (IV)-Marie Charlette Bourassa b-1746
    (III)-Therese DeMarsac b-1737 Fort Detroit, married 1767 Fort Detroit (I)-Louis Bufet
    (III)-Jean Baptiste DeMarsac (1739-1739) Fort Detroit
    (III)-Jacques DeMarsac (1740-1740) Fort Detroit 
    (III)-Jean Baptiste DeMarsac (1742-1793) Fort Detroit, married 1773 Fort Detroit (IV)-Genevieve Seguin
    (III)-Paul DeMarsac (1743-1781) Fort Detroit
    (III)-Marie Louise DeMarsac b-1744 Fort Detroit, married 1762 Fort Detroit (II)-Robert Navarre b-1739
    (III)-Pierre DeMarsac (1746-1746) Fort Detroit

May 31:  Detroit, birth (III)-Catherine Lachenaye, Metis, died June 4, 1734, Detroit daughter   (II)- Philippe Lachenaye, b-1699 and (III)-Marguerite Tessier, Metis, (1701-1715).

June 24:  Father (I)_Jean Baptiste Loyard (1695-1731) died Medoctec, a Maliseet Village, on the west bank of St. John River, 4 miles above mouth of Eel River.

July 27:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), marriage, (II)- Michel Laurent Parent b-1703 son (I)-Michel Parant; 1st married May 24, 1731, Fort Detroit, to (II)-Marie Joseph Dauze (Dauzet) born 1706, died October 16, 1731, Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), daughter (I)-Pierre Dauze (Dauzet) and (II)-Marguerite Guignard daughter (I)-Pierre Guignard aka Dinhargue a Basque; 2nd marriage July 27, 1734 Fort Detroit (IV)-Jeanne Cardinal b-1717 daughter (III)-Jacques Cardinal..

July 29:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), marriage, Laurent Parant to (IV)-Jeanne Cardinal born August 12, 1717, Montreal, Quebec, daughter (III)-Jacques Cardinal (1685-1763) and (II)-Jeanne Duguay (1691-1778).

August 4:  St. Augustin, Quebec, marriage, Jean Francois Chantal to (III)-Marie Jeanne Dubeau, Metis, b-1710, daughter, (II)-Jean Dubeau et Dubocq, Metis, (1669-1743) and  (II)-Marguerite Harnois (1677-1747.

August 25:  Rimouski, birth, (III)-Cecile Brault dit Pominville, Metis, died June 11, 1742, Montreal, daughter (II)-Etienne Brault dit Pominville and Bereau, Metis b-1671and Marguerite Sauvagesse.

September 6:  Fort Detroit, birth, (III)-Elisabeth Marcheteau daughter  (II)-Joseph Marcheteau dit Desnoyers b-1699 and (III)-Elisabeth Leduc b-1711; married Cahokia a Jean Baptiste Becquet. 

September 19:  Michilimackinac, baptism, Marie Catherine des Betres, Metis, born 1732, daughter Sieur des Betres and savage

October 18:  Michilimackinac, baptism, Joseph Parent, Metis son P. Parent and savage

November 2:   Reading, Pennsylvania, birth, Daniel Boone (1734-1820) who mainly explored Kentucky.

November 17:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth, (III)-Leopold Chesne, died January 3, 1778 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), son (II)-Charles Chesne born 1694 and (II)-Catherine Sauvage (1695-1778); married Marie d'Outaouaise (Ottawa woman) 

December 27:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), marriage (III)-Philippe Dadneau born 1710 son (II)-Jacques Dagneau and (III)-Marie Buteau daughter (II)-Pierre Buteau; 2nd marriage July 26, 1742, Montreal, (III)-Marie Anne Picard, b-1727., one child this second marriage (IV)-Marie Amable Dagneau, April 23, 1743, Montreal.

 

 

1735  

Gabriel Aubuchon dit Lasonde b-1735, d-1785 Kaskakia (Illinois) married Angelique Pilet Lasonde Metis d-1776
    Charles Aubuchon Metis (1776-1776) Kaskakia
    Joseph  Aubuchon Metis married 1794 Montreal Marie Tiercereau

Philippe Thomas Dagneau de la Saussave (1700-1758), son Philippe Dagneau de la Saussaye, during the period 1735-1743, is working among the Chaquenons, Ohio; below Franklin, Ohio.

Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), marriage, recorded (II)-Pierre Casse dit St. Aubin living Grand Marais, born 1709 died January 18, 1794 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), son (I)-Jean Casse; married (II)-Marguerite Fourneau dit Brindamour born 1711, died July 12, 1791 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), daughter (I)-Jean Fourneau.
    (III)-Catherine Casse 1st married 1762 Detroit Charles Dupuis , 2nd married 1768 Detroit Etienne Langeron
    (III)-Marguerite Casse married 1765 Detroit Louis Greffard
    (III)-Marie Anne  Casse married 1769 Detroit Laurent Greffard
    (III)-Louis Casse married 1775 Detroit Angelique Chevalier

Louis Cesaire Dagneau, sieur de Quindre (1704-1767), son of Michel Dagneaux and Marie Lamy dit Defond, was hiring men from 1735 to 1741, primarily for Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan) and Michipicoton, for the trading of furs.

(I)-Etienne Martin, sauvage (Metis?) married likely Kamouraska to Charlotte Micmac, sauvagesse.

Philippe Thomas Dagneau de la Saussave (1700-1758) is trading with the Chaouenons/Shawnees on the Ohio River. 

Paul Louis Dazemard (d'Azemar), sieur de Lousignan born 1691 and died after 1746,  is hiring voyagers for the west.

Father (I)-Jean Baptiste de St. Pe (Saint Pie) (1686-1770), a Jesuit, is stationed at Missilimakinac, New France  (Mackinac, Michigan).  Father (I)-Luc Francois Nau, (1703-1753), a Jesuit, is permanently stationed at the Iroquois Mission of Sault St. Louis 3 1/2 leagues S.W. Montreal, Quebec.

Father (I)-Jean Pierre Aulneau (1705-1736), a Jesuit,  noted that Father Kino, a German Jesuit, in a map showing north of California is listed as Rio Colorado or Del Norte where lives the European like Indians.

A Fort located on Lac Rouge (Red Lake) is called Pointe des Bois and appears to be built by the Indians or Metis.  Red Lake is an ancient rendezvous point for the Assiniboin, Cree, Dakota and Ojibwa.  The Cree informed the Hudson Bay at York that the Canadians (Metis and Coureurs des Bois) had established a fort on the North bank of Lake Winnipeg.

Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan)?, marriage, (II)-Jacques Fauvel dit Bigras born September 14, 1696 Montreal, Quebec, died Fedruary 4, 1751, Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), son (I)-Francois Fauvel et Bigras born 1663 and (II)-Marie Brunet born 1677 died January 12, 1756, Ste Genevieve; married (most likely a country marriage) (II)-Angelique Clement born 1705 epouse May 7, 1752 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), Jean Brissard.  Daughter (I)-Pierre Clement.

Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan) or further west, birth (III)-Louis Hamelin son (II)-Louis Hamelin (1681-1693) and Catherine Neveu. 

(V)-Jean Baptiste Rene LeGardeur (born 1695) de Repentigny is Commander of the Savages of the Lac St. Sacrement (Lake George).

Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), marriage, (III)-Francois Roy Metis b-1713 son (II)- Pierre Du Roy and Marie Angelique Faye Lafaillette, Laprairie.; married 1735 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), Barbara Elizabeth Dudevoir dit Lachine.  Another source suggests Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), marriage Francois Roy (LeRoy) (1690/91-1747) son Pierre Roy and Catherine Ducharme; married 1735 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), Barbara Elizabeth Dudevoir dit Lachine.

Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), marriage, Alexis de Ruisseau and (III)-Marie Louise Roy born 1708 died December 3, 1735 in childbirth daughter (II)-Pierre Du Roy and Marie Angelique Faye Lafaillette, Laprairie.

Francois Marie Lemarchand de Lignery (about 1703-before February 1760) was with the Nicolas Joseph de Noyelles, sieur de Fleurimont (1694-1767), campaign against the Fox People.

Father Jean Pierre Aulneau, the Jesuit, arrived from Sault Saint Louis to spend the winter at Fort Saint Charles learning Cree.  He wrote that the Cree acknowledged the immorality of the soul and would never think of renouncing their faith for fear of being stricken by God (Great Spirit) with death.  The Indians did not believe God was a evil God who would cause hurt to his people.  Aulneau begs God to enlighten the Cree about Hell and touch their hearts.  This is the party line, and may not reflect Father Aulneau's personal beliefs.  Hell and damnation is the Jesuit strategy to introduce fear into the Natives in an attempt to make them dependent on the Jesuit for the forgiveness of sin.  The Native had no concept of hell and sin, and the Jesuit, therefore, had to create sin so that their service to forgive sin would be in demand.   He thinks that the Cree are not as numerous as the Dakota Sioux in this region.

Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), at this time, is a French Canadian settlement of 70 families.  They produced 1,300 to 1,400 bushels wheat, and some went for export.  

Father Guignas is in Dakota Sioux country, unaware that Father L.F. Nau of Sault Saint Louis, near Montreal, Quebec, is agitating the Iroquois to attack the Sac and Ojibwa Fox in his back yard and that it would lead to his death next year.  

Father Jean Pierre Aulneau is planning to be some four hundred leagues north of Guignas at Lake of the Woods by next year.  The Reverend Father de Lauzon is the Superior General.

Thomas Maclish, Chief Factor at Albany, James Bay, received English Brandy and a bottle of tincture (iodine) to color a pint to look like French brandy.  Later, molasses would be used, which also gave the brew a touch of sweetness.  On Christmas day the newly rebuilt Moose Factory (Ontario) is ravaged by fire.  Factor Richard Staunton said that drunkenness and debauchery had caused the misfortune which began in the cookhouse.  He contends that vice and ignorance predominated to a monstrous degree of wickedness.  He reported that the Indians brought 12 Indian women into the Post and thereby gained influence over the English who learned much villainy.  It is noteworthy that the Hudson Bay's Policy was to ignore any Indian liaisons and subsequent offspring.  The inevitable mixed blood children will not be recorded for the next sixty years.

The burning of H.B.C.'s Moose Factory (Ontario) is attributed to drunkenness and debauchery.

(III)-Jean Baptiste Gaultier Gautier de La Verendrye (1714-1736) spent the winter of 1735-1736 at Fort Saint Charles.

The first vessel constructed on Lake Superior is built at Point Aux Pins, north of Sault Ste Marie New France (Michigan/Ontario), for Louis Denis, Sieur De La Ronde.  It was a 25 ton, rigged with two sails.

Fort Cakokia (Ste-Famille) (Cahokia, Co. St. Clair, Illinois) on the Mississippi River, maintained marriage records (1735-1839) and death records (1784-1794).

Throughout the mid-1730s, Fort de Chartres was threatened by Indian tribes aligned with the British. 

January 6:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), marriage, (III)-Alexis Trotier (Trottier) des Ruisseaux-premir captains des Milices du Detroit-colonel, born October 21, 1688, Batiscan; negociant; died June 5, 1769 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), son (II)-Antoine Trotier d-1706 and (II)-Catherine Lefebvre (1648-1705); 
1st married 1735  (III)-Marie Louise Roy Metis born May 17, 1708 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), died December 3, 1735 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), daughter (II)-Pierre Roy (1676-1743) and Marie Angelique Faye Lafaillette (Ouabankikoue), Laprairie: 
    (IV)-Anonyme Trotier Metis (1735-1735)
2nd marriage December 30, 1739 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), (III)-Catherine Godfroy DeMaubeuf born 1716 died July 21, 1777 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), daughter (II)-Jacques Godfroy de Mauboeuf and Marie Chene.
    (IV)-Anonyme Trotier Metis (1740-1740) Detroit
    (IV)-Catherine Trotier Metis (1742-1742)
    (IV)-Anonyme Trotier Metis (1743-1743)
    (IV)-Antoine Trotier Metis (1750-1750)

January 10:  Fort Detroit, birth, (II)-Marie Francoise Navarre, Metis , born January 10, 1735, Detroit, daughter (I)-Robert Navarre (1709-1791) and (III)-Marie Barrois et Lothman; Metis, 1st married (I)-Georges MacDougall; 2nd marriage January 5, 1784 Fort Detroit (IV)-Jacques Campeau b-1735.

February 13:  Nicolet, birth, (III)-Michel Chauvet, Metis, died February 26, 1740, Quebec, Quebec, son  (II)-Pierre Chauvet dit Lagerne b-1686 and Marie Madeleine Panis (slave) b-(1697-1777). 

February 21:   Likely west of Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), birth, (IV)-Pierre Paschal Hamelin (Gueniere), Metis baptised Novenber 23, 1738 Michillimackinac, New France (Michigan), died 1743, Montreal, Quebec, son (III)-Charles Francois Hamelin dit LaGunnier also La Gueniere, Gueniere and LaGuenier ( 1714-1760) called an ancient voyager  son (II)- Jacques Hamelin La  Gueniere (1680-1728) and (II)- Antoinette Richard La Vallee (1689-1759) and married 1st about 1730 (church wedding November 27, 1738) his slave Ikwe (Ojibwa Woman) Marie Athanase a Sauteux woman born about 1708 baptised November 27, 1738, Michillimackinac, New France (Michigan), died March 19, 1745 or 1744 Pte St. Ignace, 2nd marriage February 4, 1748 Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), Catherine Anastasie (Marie Athanase) Sauteux (1725-1748) daughter of Mouus Sauteux and slave of 1st wife, 3rd marriage 1760 Montreal, Quebec, to girl born 1742 and at this time Marie Athanese was alive in Quebec, Quebec, saying her husband was dead in 1757.

March 1:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth, (IV)-Jeanne Cardinal daughter (III)-Jacques Cardinal (1685-1763) and (II)-Jeanne Duguay (1691-1778); married August 18, 1755 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), Dominique Labrosse.

March 3:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth, (III)-Catherine Cesire daughter (II)-Jean Cesire (1698-1767) and (II)-Marguerite Charlotte Girard (born 1703); married January 9, 1758, Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), Francois Barrois.

March 7:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth/death, (III)-Pierre Chauvin son (II)-Charles Chauvin and (III)-Marie Madeleine Cauchon born 1655; veuve d'Oliver Michel.

March 16:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth, (III)-Cecile DeMarsac died March 20, 1809 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), daughter (II)-Francois DeMarsac (1706-1777) and Therese Cecile Campeau (1714-1746); married September 9, 1776 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), Vital Sarrazin Depelteau. 

March 30:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth, (IV)-Jacques Campeau son (III)-Jean Louis Campeau (1702-1774) and (II)-Marie Louise Robert died 1776; 1st married August 17, 1761 Catherine Mennard of Montreal, Quebec, 2nd marriage January 5, 1784 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), Marie Navarre.

April 18:  Michilimackinac, marriage (II)-Antoine Grignon born April 26, 1716, Grondines, Quebec son (I)-Jacques Grignon born 1662 and (II)-Marie Therese Richer born 1676;  married April 18, 1735 Michilimakinac, New France (Michigan), Anne Villeneuve daughter Donitelle Villeneuve (now L'anglade) and step dad Antoine L'anglade.  Domitilade (Theresa) Nissowaquet an Ottawa, widow Daniel Villeneuve.  She is the daughter Chief Nissowaquet, an Ottawa.

April 19:   Michillimackinac, New France (Michigan), baptism, Pierre Louis Damours (Rocambole) born 1715, now a savage at Chicagou, a slave M Damours de Clignancour.

April 26:   (II)-Antoine Grignon (b-1716), married, April 26, Michilimakinac, New France (Michigan), (a incomplete document).

April 29:   Louisiana:  Lesuer and the Jesuit Father, Beaudoin, caused a great scandal among the Choctaws People by seducing their women.

May 14:   Michillimakinac, New France (Michigan), baptism, Marie Madaleine Langlade born 1731 slave M. Langlade (L'Anglade).

May 22:   Mackinac, New France (Michigan), birth, (III)-Luc Chevalier, born May 22, 1735, Detroit,  son (II)-Jean Baptiste Chevalier (1677-1752) and (II)-Francoise Alvoine (1690-1756) or (Louise Casse ?); married about1777 British Mackinac (Michigan) Marie a Sauvagesse. 

May 27:  Michilimackinac, baptism, Jean Louis Bolon, Metis son Gabriel Bolon and savage

June 18:   (III)-Jean Baptiste Gaultier de Varennes of Verendrye writes, "I have established a Fort at Lac Ouinipigon (Lake Winnipeg),* five leagues up River Rouge, aka White River and later Sea River.  It is called Fort Maurepas."  He means his people, not himself personally.  (II)-Christophee DuFrost (Dufros) (1708-1735) de La Jemerais (Jemeraye) becomes Commander of Fort Maurepas.  * Lake Winnipeg has been called Lac Assenipolis, Lac Assinebouels, Lac Assinipoils, Lac Christineaux and Lac Bourdon.

June:   (II)-Pierre Gaultier de Varennes et de La Verendrye (1685-1749) arrives at Fort Saint Charles to discover that (II)-Christopher Dufrost de la Jemmerais (1705-1735), his nephew and a key man, succumbed to illness.

July 5:  Montreal, birth (III)-Marie Angelioue  Lefebvre, Metis, died December 21, 1744, Montreal daughter (II)-Charles Lefebvre, Metis, b-1692 and (III)-Francoise Gaudry, b-1697.

July 20:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), marriage, (III)-Vital Caron born 1702, died April 18, 1747 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), son (II)-Vital Caron (1673-1745) and (II)-Marie Perthuis born 1678; married (II)-Madeleine Pruneau veuve de Jean Baptiste Casse; daughter (I)-Jean Pruneau.
    (IV)-Vital Caron b-1736 Detroit
    (IV)-Marie Catherine Caron b-1738 Detroit
    (IV)-Alexis Caron (1740-1740) Detroit
    (IV)-Marie Louise Caron b-1741 Detroit
    (IV)-Zacharie Caron b-1742 Detroit
    (IV)-Vital Caron b-1744 Detroit
    (IV)-Jean Baptiste Caron b-1746 Detroit

August 20:   Nicolas Marechal, married about 1744, at Fort de Chartres, (Ste-Anne) Illinois, a Marie Jeanne Illeret, Illinoise, Metis daughter Claude Illeret died 1723 and Simone Marie Martin Metis 2nd marriage January 4, 1724 Paul Danis (Dany).  Source Lee Bain, Rolla, MO (Ijbain)

August 30:  Fort Detroit,(Michigan) birth  (III)-Marie Madeline Meloche, daughter (II)-Pierre Meloche (1701-1760) and (III)-Jeanne Caron b-1709.

September 22:   Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), marriage, (II)-Charles Chaboille (Chaboiller), voyager, born December 8, 1706, Montreal, Quebec, died 1757 Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), son (I)-Charles Chaboille (Chaboillez, Chaboillier) (1654-1708) and (III)-Angelique Dandonneau de Sable;  married Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), Marie Anne Chevalier daughter Jean Baptiste Chevalier and Francoise Alavoine.  Charles was a trader in the Lake Superior Region and had a trading post on St. Joseph Island and had brother-in-laws in the trade like Rene Bourassa, Joseph Hins, Antoine Deshetres, Antoine Lauzon, Jacques Dumay Demers, Jean Etienne Cheniers and Pierre Grigon..

September 24:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth, (IV)-Angelique Cuillerier dit Beaubien Metis daughter (III)-Antoine Cuillerier dit Beaubien (1697-1793) and (II)-Marie Angelique Girard Metis (1690-1783); married after 1763 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), James Sterling.

October 9:  Detroit, birth (III)-Marie Anne Lachenaye, Metis, died December 6, 1735, Detroit daughter  (II)- Philippe Lachenaye, b-1699 and (III)-Marguerite Tessier, Metis, (1701-1715).

October 24:  Detroit, birth (IV)-Philippe Leduc son (III)-Jean Leduc b-1684 and (III)-Marie Catherine Descary (Cary) (1696-1761) Detroit; married January 7, 1764 Detroit Marie Joseph Pelletier b-1745 daughter Jean Baptiate Pelletier.

November 12/24: Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth/death (III)-Jean Baptiste Seguin, son (II)-Joseph Seguin dit Laderoute, b-1694, died April 29, 1753, Detroit and (II)-Francoise Sauvage, b-1700;

November 27:  Detroit, birth (III)-Agathe Barrois, daughter (II)-Francois Barris dit Lothman and (II)-Marie Anne Sauvage, b-1697.

December 1:  Detroit, birth/death (IV)-Anonyme Trotier child (III)-Alexis Trotier (1688-1769) and (II)-Marie Louise Roy (1708-1735).

 

 

1736   

Early traders reported that the Ojibwa and Metis dominated the Red River Valley (Dakota/Manitoba), Minnesota, Wisconsin and Turtle Mountain (North Dakota.

Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), birth, (III)-Charles Chaboillez died 1808 son (II)-Charles Chaboillez (1706-1757) and Marie Anne Chevalier.

John Corner b-1736 Upper Canada, married, Elizabeth Lissons b-1739 also of Upper Canada

Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth, (II)-Madeleine Courcambec, Metis, daughter (I)-Pierre Courcambec and Jeanne Dalonge dit Langoumois; married February 7, 1757 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), Fiacre Boileau..

Fort Frontenac, (Kingston, Ontario) (II)-Alexandre Dagneau (1698-1773/74), sieur de Douville, son (I)-Michel Dagneau, interpreter, engage ouest, married August 7, 1730,  Montreal, Quebec,  Marie Coulon de Villiers daughter Antoine Coulon de Villiers.  He traded heavily among the Miamis out of Baie des Puants (Green Bay), New France (Wisconsin) and Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan).    He resided Fort Frontenac 1736-1739.

Pierre Dartaguiette died while attacking a Chickasaw village in 1736. The Indians were tipped off to the French invasion by British traders.  Meanwhile, plans for a stone fort at Kaskaskia hadnít been completed. Labor difficulties and deficits in both supplies and soldiers, left Illinois Country in desperate need of an adequate fort. French forces received a convoy of supplies and some of the best soldiers from the New. Orleans garrison to replace those lost in the Chickasaw battle.  Governor Bienville sent with the convoy orders to build the fort near Kaskaskia. But in 1739, a host of problems convinced Bienville to build the masonry fort at the Wabash River.

Louis Ducharme, born 1684 Montreal, Quebec, is hiring voyagers for Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan) until 1742.

Marriage (II)- Antoine Dupuis born June 21, 1707, Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), son (I)- Antoine Dupuis, dit Beauregard, born 1676 and (II)- Marie Anne Marandeau (Maranda) (1675-170) daughter (I)-Etienne Maranda; married 1st 1736 Marie Joseph Cottu, married 2nd Marguerite Plouf.

Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), or district? birth, (IV)-Marie Joseph Fauvel died February 3, 1766 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), daughter (II)-Jacques Fauvel dit Bigras (1696-1751) and (II)-Angelique Clement born 1705  ; 1st married January 9, 1751, Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), a Jacques Tavernier; 2nd marriage January 8, 1752 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), a Francois Lebeau . 

(III)-Rene Godefroy (Godfroy)(1675-1748), Monsieur de Linctot is commander at Fort Beauharnois (N.E. Lake Pepin) conducting trade with the Dakota.

George Golphin, a trader, is living at Cutifachiqui (near Silver Bluff).

(I)-Ignacio Javier Keller of Spain is in Arizona. 

Four Frenchmen, in New France, one condemned to the galleys, two to be publicly whipped and one  tied to the carcan for giving brandy to the savages.

Pierre Lefebvre b-1707, 1st married in 1733 Genevieve de Trepagny, 2nd marriage 1760 Marie Anne Paplau dit Perigny, journeyed to Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), this year.

Pere Marquette had a mission and built a fort at Chicahas on the Mississippi.

Nicolas Joseph de Noyelles, sieur de Fleurimont (1694-1767), is appointed Commander of Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan).

Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), marriage, Joseph Roy (1709-1761) son Edmond Roy dit Chatellereau de Ste Anne b-1665/75 and Marie Anne Janvier (or Francoise Hobbe Aube); married 1st 1736 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), Magdeleine Perthuis, 2nd 1741 Pte Coupee, Louisiana daughter Nicolas de La Cour and Perinne Bret and 3rd Marie Magelaine Lejeune. 

Marie Francoise Roy (1703-1760), daughter Edmond Roy du Chatellereau de Ste Anne b-1665/75 and Marie Anne Janvier; married 1725 Pierre Thomas Laquerre

Louis St. Angee de Bellerive who died December 27, 1774 St. Louis while in the Spanish service was commandant at the Post Vincennes (1736-1764) succeeding Sieur de Vincennes.  Post Pianguichats was changed to Post Vincennes in July this year.  It is known that the Father d-1738 and two sons called St. Ange are in the service and one son died 1736.

A trading post is built at Prairie de Chein by the French, but some believe that this was an old settled town at this time.

Rene Bourassa (born 1688 of Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan)), whose daughter Charlotte married Charles Langlade- a Metis and the first 'alleged' settler in Wisconsin, is traveling the Lake of the Woods.  This, however, is a most ridiculous claim.  Rene is married to a female (Dakota) Sioux Slave who saved his life and the lives of his hired men when the avenging alliance band of Ojibwa and Sioux wanted to kill the party.  It is noteworthy that women play a significant influence in the death or freedom of captured slaves.  It  has been contended that the Sioux Slave said that (II)-Pierre Gauthier de Varennes et de La Verendrye's (1685-1749) sons and Father Aulneau's party is on the Lake of the Woods.  The war party attacked Fort Saint Charles but it is deserted, and the war party searched for the hiding La Verendrye party.  

Pierre Girard (4th generation of guides) suggests,  "The French were killed on Massacre Island on Lake of the Woods, not far from Fort St. Charles.  The priest and the body of Le Verendry fils (son) were buried at Fort St. Charles on the Lake of the Woods.  Girard's great uncle was present.  Pierre Girard, Anishinable and French (also English, Menominee, Huron, Dutch and Norsk)."  Pierre's father says, "It was the (Dakota) Sioux who killed the French, not the Ojibwa.  The (Siouian) Assinibois and (Dakota) Sioux were enemies.  La Verendry was trading weapons to the (Siouian) Assinibois who were attacking the (Dakota) Sioux.  The (Dakota) Sioux massacred the French in retaliation."

Jacques Legardeur, sieur de St Pierre (1701-1755), is still commander at Lake Pepin (Fort Beauharnois) with Father Guignas.  (II)-Pierre Gauthier de Varennes et de La Verendrye (1685-1749) tries to say it is because the party is trading ammunition to other tribes in the area and not the (Dakota) Sioux.  This is absurd, as the attacking band consisted of Ojibwa (see above that makes more sense) from Post of Monsieur de la Ronde, La Pointe; Prairie Sioux of the Post of Jacques LeGardeur, Monsieur de Saint Pierre Fort Beauharnois on Lake Pepin; and Lake Sioux who had also received ammunition from the French.

The authorities prompted by the Jesuits suggest that (II)-Pierre Gaultier de Varness et de La Verendrye (1685-1749) is more engaged in fur trade than exploration, which is a kindly way of saying he is engaged in intrigue.  It is also said that he has been in the field for nearly six years and has yet to reach Lake Winnipeg.  He became a liability to the French, and a way must be found to effectively replace him without losing the Native's alliance.  (II)-Pierre Gauthier de Varennes et de La Verendrye (1685-1749) temporarily retains his lease for three years but is only allowed to sub lease to other merchants, provided he doesn't engage in trading.  It is apparent that the authorities do not believe that (II)-Pierre La Verendrye and associates are not behind the Cree and Ojibwa-Sioux wars.

Jacques LeGardeur, Monsieur of Saint Pierre, is in charge of the Sioux Post at Lake Pepin on the Mississippi (near Lake City, Wabasha County, and Minnesota).  He abandoned his Post when a Dakota Sioux arrived at Fort Beauharnois, Lake Pepin with the seal of Father Aulneau; or so he claimed.  He probably had reason to believe the Ojibwa and Dakota Sioux had reason to end his existence.   The authority's question concerning his departure tends to support this contention.

Rene Bourassa, born 1688, of Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan) and Eustache, with 12 men, are wintering at Vermilion River, east of Lake Namakan on the Grande Portage route, to trade with the Ojibwa from La Pointe, Ojibwa Country (Wisconsin) who are now in the area to the injury of Fort Saint Pierre.  Sieur Dourer, a clerk of the La Verendrye Company, ventured to the Bourassa and Eustache Fort on the Vermilion River.  This action supports the contention that the La Verendrye Company is behind the war actions of the Cree.

Pierre Paul Margane, Sieur de la Valtrie (born 1679), Commander Lake Nipigon, sent 30 men to Fort St. Charles as warriors against the La Pointe Ojibwa and Dakota Sioux.  Chief La Colle (Monsoni) and Chief La Mikoubnne (Cree) are at Fort Saint Charles to plan vengeance against the La Pointe Ojibwa, or so claims La Verendrye.  Sieur Daniel Le Gras (born 1698) son Jean arrived Fort Saint Charles from Kaministikwia with two canoes of merchandise.

The Hudson Bay Company Moose Factory (Ontario) only has a complement of 23 men.  

The La Verendrye French party ascended the Red River aka Riviere Rouge or Miscoussipi by the Indians.  They established Fort Pointe des Bois, some distance south of the International Boundary line.  

Maps in France show Fort Rouge as being abandoned on the south side of the Assiniboins River at the Red River having been built in 1736 or 1737.  A French map of 1700 says Ancient Fort at the point of which Fort Rouge is supposed to be.  This must be a typo and should read 1800?  A London map (1760) describes the French post in the Northwest and mentions Forts Mautepas and La Reine with the remarks "Another fort had been built on the River Rouge, but it was deserted on account of its vicinity to the last two.  In 1757 a map does not contain Fort Rouge, though Maurepas and La Reine are described and their position defined.  In 1762 Jeffery map shows Fort des Bois established 1736-37 still existed.

January 2:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), marriage, (I)-Pierre Chesne dit LaButte born 1698, died May 16, 1774 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), marguillier, merchant, of Ste. Anne, Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), and interpreter the languages of the savages son (I)- Pierre Chesne (b-1654), and wife (II)-Louise Jeanne Batty (Bailli)(b1663-1700);  2nd marriage January 2, 1736 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), (III)-Louise Barrois born 1722 died April 5, 1781 daughter Francois Lothenane dit Barrois and Marianne Sauvage..  1st marriage May 25, 1728 at Fort St. Phillipe, village of Miamis, (recorded at Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan)), (II)-Marie Madeleine Roy born 1710, died November 20, 1732 daughter (I)-Pierre Roy.  

January 2:  Detroit, marriage, (II)-Pierre Chesne dit Labutt, (1698-1774) to (III)-Louise Barrois, Metis, b-July 25, 1722, Detroit, died April 5, 1781, Detroit. daughter (II)-Francois Barrois dit Lothman and Marie Anne Sauvage, b-1697. 

 January 4:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), marriage, (III)-Antoine Campeau, Metis born 1702, died April 24, 1759 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), son (II)-Michel Campeau (1667-1737) and (II)-Jeanne Mace Metis (1677-1764; married (V)-Marie Anne Angelique Pelletier dit Antaya Metis daughter (II)-Michel Pelletier Metis b-1674 and (II)-Francois Meneux; elle epouse January 24, 1760 Etienne Livernois, at Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan).
    (IV)-Alexis Campeau Metis (1737-1782) Detroit married 1763 Detroit (V)-Madeleine Dumay (1745-1795)
    (IV)-Antoinne Campeau Metis (1739-1739) Detroit 
    (IV)-Marie Joseph Campeau Metis b-1740 Detroit married 1754 Detroit Guilliaune Bernard
    (IV)-Jacques Campeau Metis 
    (IV)-Catherine Campeau Metis b-1742 Detroit married 1762 Detroit (IV)-Jean Baptiste Couture b-1735
    (IV)-Therese Campeau Metis b-1749 Detroit married 1766 Detroit (III)-Ambroise Riopel b-1738
    (IV)-Antoine Campeau Metis (1745-1745) Detroit 
    (IV)-Charles Campeau Metis b-1746 Detroit married 1772 Detroit (II)-Marie Louise Borde dit St Surin ou Cambek en 1777 b-1755,
    (IV)-Angelique Campeau Metis (1751-1751) Detroit 
    (IV)-Antoine Bonaventure Campeau Metis b-1752 Detroit married 1785 Detroit (II)-Angelique L'Enfant
    (IV)-Antoine Campeau Metis b-1754 Detroit

January 8:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), marriage, (III)-Zacharie Chiquot (Cicotte) born 1708, Bourgeois, died August 11, 1775 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan).  At his death, he was a Major of militia and was located in the Southern Region, son (II)-Jean Baptiste Chiquot born 1666 and (II)-Madeleine Lamoureux born 1680; married (III)-Marie Angelique Godfroy born November 21, 1720 died December 28, 1791 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), daughter (II)-Jacques Godfroy de Mauboeuf (1684-1730) and (II)-Marie Anne Chesne b-1690.

February 20:  (IV)-Etienne Laviolette born February 20, 1736 Levis, son (III)-Jacques Laviolette (1689-1763) and Marie Anne Soreaux dit Deslauriers married Detroit Judith Proudhomme.

March 19:  Detroit, marriage, (III)-Joseph Roy dit Chatellereau born August 25, 1709 Ste Anne de la Perade son (II)-Edward Roy b-1675 and (III)-Marie Anne Janvier, epouse May 5, 1733 Ste Anne de la Perade, Louis Gonin; married (III)-Madeleine Perthus b-1720 daughter (II)-Pierre Perthus.

March 24:   Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (IV)-Vital Caron died by 1744 son (III)-Vital Caron (1702-1747) and (II)-Madeleine Pruneau veuve de Jean Baptiste Casse.

March 25:  Father (I)-Antone Senat (Sennat) (1701-1736), a Jesuit, with 23 or 25 Frenchmen are captured by the Tchikakes (Chickasaws) and burned at Fulton, Mississippi

April 10:   Montreal, Quebec, death, (II)-Joseph Grignon, voyager, born July 16, 1707, Grondines son (I)-Jacques Grignon b-1622 and (II)-Marie Therese Rivher b-1676.

May:   Gabriel Allard (1714-1777) was hired by Antoine Busquet for a trip to Fort Ponchartain at Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan).

May 26:   Saulte Ste Marie, New France (Michigan.Ontario), death, Jean Gendron married to Marie Anne Princeaux on May 26, 1736 lost their canoe and daughter Marie Gendron (1720-1736) in the Sault Ste Marie falls, Ojibwa Country.

April 10:  Montreal, Quebec, marriage, Andre Lacoste to (III)-Elisabeth Durand, Metis, born March 26, 1708, St. Antoine-Tilly, daughter, (II)- Louis Durand, Metis, b- 1670 and Elisabeth Agnes Michel dit Taillon (1682-1718).

April 5:  Montreal, birth, (III)-Antoine Marcheteau died April 15, 1736 Montreal son  (II)-Joseph Marcheteau dit Desnoyers b-1699 and (III)-Elisabeth Leduc b-1711

April 19:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth, (III)-Jean Baptiste Desrosiers dit Dutremble son (II)-Jean Desrosiers dit Dutremble (1657-1704) and (II)-Francoise Dandonneau born 1665.

April 19:  St. Augustin, Quebec, marriage,  Jean Baptiste Valieres to (III)-Marie Francois Dubeau, Metis, February 24, 1715, St. Augustin, Quebec, daughter, (II)-Jean Dubeau et Dubocq, Metis, (1669-1743) and  (II)-Marguerite Harnois (1677-1747.

April 21:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth, (III)-Francois DeMarsac died October 17, 1777 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), daughter (II)-Francois DeMarsac (1706-1777) and Therese Cecile Campeau (1714-1746); married July 20, 1767 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), (II)-Marie Charlotte Bourassa born 1746 daughter (III)-Rene Bourassa. 

June 3:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth/death, (III)-Jean Baptiste Chauvin died June 29, 1736 son (II)-Charles Chauvin and (III)-Marie Madeleine Cauchon born 1655; veuve d'Oliver Michel.

June 6:   At Massacre Island, Lake of the Woods (or Lac de la Croix), west of Lake Superior, Ontario, a war party of Dakota Sioux and La Pointe Ojibwa tracked down and killed (III)-Jean Baptiste Gaultier de Le Verendrye (1713-1736), Father Jean Pierre Arneau (Aulneau)- the Jesuit, and nineteen other French Voyagers from Fort Charles, for crimes against the People.  They are in the Lake of the Woods, hiding from the La Pointe Ojibwa.  The Ojibwa and Dakota Sioux are allegedly angry for the repeated attacks on their People at Green Bay, New France (Wisconsin) and La Pointe, Ojibwa Territory which extends to Red River of the north.   

June 8:  Father (I)-Jean Pierre Aulneau (1705-1736) is killed by the Dakota Sioux at Massacre Island, Lake of the Woods.

June 25:   Petite Riviere, marriage, (III)-Joseph Heve of Grosse Pointe born October 9, 1710 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), son (II)-Pierre Heve and (III)-Marie Catherine Marchand b-1683 elle espouse October 23, 1713 Quebec, Juste Crenet; married (III)-Barbe Gontier et Gautier b-1719 daughter (II)-Louise Gontier.

July 3:   The British ship, Hudson Bay IV, sunk near Cape Resolution.

July 9:  Michilimackinac, baptism Charles Jean Baptiste Chabyer, Metis son Charles Chabyer and savague

July 18:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), death, Pierre Stebre (Esteve or Steve) aka La Jeunesse a soldier married to Marie Magdeline Frappier (1679-1759).

 (III)-Francois Menard, Metis, a voyageur and interpreter, son, (II)-Maurice Menard, b-1664 and (III)-Madeleine Couc dit Lafleur, Metis, b-1669;

August 13:  Laprairie, marriage (III)-Francois Menard, Metis, an interpreter and voyager, son (II)-Maurice Menard, b-1664 and (III)-Madelieine Couc dit Lafleur, Metis b-1669:  married (III)-Marie Charlotte Sauve. 

September 11:  Montreal, birth (III)-Nicolas Lefebvre, Metis, died September 29, 1736, Montreal son (II)-Charles Lefebvre, Metis, b-1692 and (III)-Francoise Gaudry, b-1697.

September 22:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth, (III)-Pierre Chesne son (II)-Charles Chesne born 1694 and (II)-Catherine Sauvage (1695-1778); married February 23, 1784, Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), Cecile Campeau. 

September 28:  Michilimackinac, baptism Michel Blondeau, Metis son T. Blondeau and savage. 

October 2:   Mackinac, New France (Michigan), marriage, Claude Germain Gauthier alias St. Germain de Vierville, soldier, married to  (Marie Louise) Therese Villeneuve Outaquais born January 10, 1720, Mackinac,  New France (Michigan), died 1749 daughter Daniel Joseph Amoit de Villeneuve born 1665 died before 1728 and Domitilde Oukabe (LaFourche) 2nd husband Augustin Langlade.  They had a son called Charles Gauthier.

October 7:   Michillimakinac, New France (Michigan), baptism, Marie Francoise Menard Parent born 1696, slave of Menard.

October 17:   Michillimackinac, New France (Michigan), baptism, (IV)-Louis Josue DuLignon Metis born 1734 son  (III)-Jean DuLignon died 1762 and Marie Joseph Angelique LeMaire, sauvagesse, who died 1762; married November 23, 1750 St. Michel a Elisabeth Lacroix.

November 26:  Michilimackinac, baptism Marie Anne Parent, Metis daughter P. Parent and savage. 

November 30:   Mackinac, New France (Michigan), baptized (IV)-Louis Josue DuLignon, Metis born 1734, bastard son Sieur (III)-Jean DuLignon (d-1762), voyager and Marie Josephte Angelique Lemaire, (1717-1748), (Savage), since legitimized.

December 19:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth, (IV)-Madeleine Elisabeth Douaire de Bondy daughter  (III)- Joseph Douaire de Bondy ( 1700-1760) and (III)-Marie Anne Campeau born 1707.

December 27:  Montreal, marriage (III)-Nicolas Lauzon b-1693 Montreal died December 20, 1779 Detroit 2nd married December 27, 1736 Detroit (II)-Marie Louise Chavin died March 6, 1766 Detroit, daughter (I)-Jacques Chauvin veuve de Julien Francois Becmont,.married 1st. February 4, 1726 Montreal (II)-Marie Madeleine Moran b-1704, died January 3, 1732 Detroit, 

December 30:   Mackinac, New France (Michigan), baptism, Catherine Rocheveau, Metis born 1735 bastard daughter Sieur Rocheveau and Francoise Sauvagesse Sauteuse (1717-1742) of Sault Ste Marie, New France (Michigan/Ontario), since legitimized.

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