We first develop beliefs then we turn these beliefs into values,
time provides proof of the importance of these values and they become principles of conduct.
Principles can be for good or evil.
EUROPEAN HISTORY Return to EUROPEAN INDEX
DIRECTORY Return to MAIN HISTORY INDEX
European cultures over the past six centuries have justified their treatment of other peoples, of other cultures, based on their own definition of civilization. The true test of civilization is not what is said or done but how they apply their beliefs and values as compared to a common standard or set of principles. A basic aboriginal premise is that every thing that the Great Spirit has created is good. Organization that respects the value and dignity of all people, is civilized. That they are merciful, peacemakers, gentle and a sharing culture, are attributes of civilization. A culture that respects the fundamental right to life, liberty, freedom in the pursuit of happiness is civilized. A culture that respects self discipline, integrity, responsibility with accountability and a right to work is civilized.
CHRISTIANITY IN ESSENCE SAYS
A sound culture produces good works but a rotten culture produces bad
A good culture cannot bear bad works, nor a rotten culture bear good works.
You will be able to tell them by their works.
This then is the acid test of the quality of a culture based upon Christian and Spiritual principles.
THE SOURCE OF OUR BELIEFS
To under-stand our European roots we must consider its primary sources, the Sumerian (Iraq) Culture. Most Europeans believe Iraq is the cradle of their civilization, being value-added to by Egypt, Greek and Roman cultures. Mesopotamia (Iraq) is from the Greek meaning between the rivers, Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. The Aboriginal People from this area however simply called it 'The Land'. This highly simplistic view is greatly distorted by a historically inaccurate record called the Jewish and Christian Bible(s).
The Sumerian tradition is incorporated into the Canaanite-Hebrew culture then through the Christians to the balance of Europe. The Canaanite-Hebrews collected all Middle East traditions, then combined, edited and adapt them to their view of reality. It is noteworthy that if it was not for their Bible, history would have ignored the Canaanite-Hebrew tradition as insignificant. Much of the Canaanite-Hebrew tradition is borrowed directly from the Egyptian tradition including their Ten Commandments and their one God concept.
The Greek culture many believe is comparable to the Maya culture of America. The Greeks are not considered very innovative but focused on the collection and refinement of existing beliefs and values from all cultures much like the Canaanite-Hebrew. This cultural attribute proved quite effective.
The Asiatic cultures, primarily the Mongoloid culture greatly influenced
both European and Middle East cultures.
Early Europe started out as a maternalistic culture as did most of our known world. Maternalism is suggested in their burial rituals that respect women, children and men equally. Some believe that Mesopotamia is the birthplace of paternalism rather than Egypt. The shift from maternalism to paternalism represents the beginning of a caste culture or as some believe a falling from God's grace. Most Europeans believe that Mesopotamia gave Europe three of the notable paternalistic religions, Semitic-Judaism, Roman-Christianity and Semitic Judo-Islamism. Others believe that Egypt is the primary source of these religious beliefs.
Viewing our reality from a paternal perspective as compared to a maternal perspective alters our entire fundamental belief and value system. It is imperative to understand the implications of a paternal vs. maternal value system. Mesopotamia gave the world the idea of sin, devil worship and intolerance. This basic assumption that the world is intrinsically evil governs many of our other judgments. Western tradition identifies the devil as Satan or Lucifer, the morning star. In the 4 and 5th century he is Sammael and to the Muslims he is Iblis.
Civilization from the Europe-Mesopotamia definition is large cities, large population, one monopolistic God, organized religion, pessimism, individualism, ownership and writing. In early Mesopotamia each city had its own true God. They consider others uncivilized or a savage people if they have a different religion than the ruling authority. It is noteworthy that some believe that early Egypt had no concept of religion as an idea.
A GOD KING BELIEF IS DEVELOPED
Ubaid-Sumerian contributed divine Kingship, then the Egyptian culture added optimism and reinforced state possessions to the definition of civilization. This Sumerian Kingship belief became so established that medieval Popes proclaimed that countries without a King shouldn't be allowed to exist. Kingship they believed is a divine appointment by God, the contention of the Ubaid of Iraq.
A GOD KING NEEDS SERVANTS.
The Greeks based their culture on analysis of the East Indian culture. The Greek gave us the notion of natural slaves and perfected the definition of political city-states. The Greeks borrowed these ideas from the Sumerians and refined them. The truth criteria of civilization therefore for Europeans became the acquisition of goods and people, exploitation and control of the environment through violence, sustained by a religious belief of divine superiority over others. This European dogma is systemic, being entrenched into their religious, political and business systems and procedures. This fanatical belief has become so endemic that present devotees still do not see the evil of this cultural heritage. It is not by chance that the Hudson Bay Company called its indentured employees 'servants' and why this was so abhorant to the Indians.
If it is your intention to victimize another peoples you must first rationalize them into savagery or classify them as un-civilized. That two thirds of India still lives in a village society this makes them uncivilized even to this present time, from a European perspective.
In contrast, Native American and early Asian and European cultures believed civilization is the degree of harmony between peoples, nature and the cosmos. Native North America believed that being kind and fair in dealing with others, extending generosity to strangers and a system of political justice where the strong can't take advantage of the weak is civilization. This spirituality is an integration of a God idea with the cosmos, nature and man.
The question remains, why do the people of Europe nurture this deep
seated almost pathological need for violence that continues right into
the twenty-second century. A top priority of the world, to avoid a third
World War and the destruction of our environment should be to find the
fundamental causes of violence and eliminate it from our cultures.
Unfortunately most of our business, religious and political leaders exhibit pathological characteristics that are consistent with the driving forces required to obtain and hold positions of power.
The choice is power through MIGHT or authority through WISDOM.
Our Indian tradition said "Know your relatives and you will know who you are"
Our European tradition said "If we don't learn from the past, we are doomed to repeat it"
It would appear that the principle of Universal Guilt is the foundation of the fall of Middle East and European culture into barbarism.
The First victims are women who are considered evil incarnate and must be suppressed.
The Second victims are the heathens or uncivilized who should be conquered and enslaved.
The Third victims are men as mankind is intrinsically evil and needs an autocratic rule.
The Forth victim is God who is deemed sinful, evil and vengeful.
Others suggest the evolution of beliefs is:
IT IS ALSO POSSIBLE THAT THE NORTH AMERICAN INDIAN DID NOT FALL
FROM THE GRACE OF GOD UNTIL RECENT TIMES
This European section is the least worked of all the sections of my web site because most visitors to my site want effort placed on the Metis and Genealogy sections.
PRINCIPLES are primary rights that transcend culture to provide the foundation of our conduct.
BELIEF is the acceptance of something being true or real. Beliefs are the sum of our knowledge, experience and visions.
FAITH is a blind acceptance of a belief without verification or knowledge.
JUDGMENT is a qualified understand of a belief. As an example; a hypothesis, a theory or a fact.
POLICY is a statement of beliefs that members of a group are expected to follow that may or may not be rational.
VALUES are the means to support the formulation of action, they establish scope (guidelines) and measurable results (standards). Values can be rigid such as absolute rules 'thou shalt not do' or generalized such as 'love one another'.
PHILOSOPHY some would say that philosophy is a statement summarizing the Principles, Beliefs and Values that translate into attitudes and concepts held by individuals or groups. Others would say Philosophy is the sum of Vision, Knowledge, Experience and Principles.
We can determine our philosophy but once established it determines us and our actions.
The most difficult things to change are systemic beliefs because individuals are not aware of cause and effect.
EUROPEAN HISTORY Return to EUROPEAN & ASIAN INDEX