EUROPEAN & ASIAN HISTORY Return to EUROPEAN & ASIA INDEX 1 AD - 499
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The first Council (48-49) of the Messianic Gentiles and Messianic
Judaism sect of Jerusalem met to discuss the fundamental issue if the Judaism
Law is binding on the Messianic Judaism Sects. Simon Peter (d-64-67)
the alleged Messianic Sect Leader had been teaching the doctrine that the
Messianic Judaism sect members must follow the Judah Law where as the Greek-Judaism
sect claimed that the Messianic sect did not have to follow the Judaism
Temple Law. Most evidence suggests that James the Just the brother
of Christ is the leader of the Messianic Judaism sect. This schism
from Judaism is also the theology of the Roman Paulist Cult. The
governing triad of James, Peter, and John must have been aware of Paulist
with their self-proclaimed apostle at this time but for unknown reason
they are totally ignored.
The first Apostolic Council, it is believed by the Romans Paulists, concluded that Judah Law is not binding on Gentile Messianic Cult as is the need for circumcison. The Messianic Judaism sects would continue to adhere to Temple Law. The Gentile Cults also established their right to create Church policy or dogma, so some believed. This is likely not true as Messianic dogma and policy did not develop until much later. This great schism of Jerusalem would begin to entrench causing the Messianic sect to begin its cultural shift toward a Gentile Roman-Messianic Cult tradition. A result of the first council divided the early church into two fundamentally different sects. Later the Gentile Messianic sect would again split into a West and Eastern Messianic sect. The Messianic Judaism sect is headed by James the Just or as some believe Peter (d-64-67) of Judah. The Gentile sects are split between the Greek sect who still follow the Jerusalem sect and the Roman-Paulist Cult headed by Paul (10-67), the self-proclaimed apostle and a Roman citizen. It is noteworthy that Paul the Pharisee leader of the Paulist Cult did not attend this council and is ignorant of the results even as late as the year 58. This strongly suggests the Pauline Cult being established is not affiliated with any of the Jerusalem Community of James the Just, brother of Jesus or the authorized Hellenistic Christian Sects.
Emperor Claudius (41-54) as Caesar expelled Judah, Roman-Paulist Cult and the Jerusalem and Hellenistic Community of James the Just, brother of Jesus Sects from Rome being unable to see any difference between what he considered the various Judah religious sects. About this time the Antioch Messianic sect began to call themselves Christians to differentiate themselves from the Paulist Cults. Paul alias Saul (10-67), leader of the Paulist Cult embarked on his second journey (49-52) with longer stays at Corinth. It is assumed he there wrote the 1st and 2nd Letters to the Thessalonians. Some suggest that a man named Luke, became a follower of Paul about this time. These claim however has no supporting evidence.
The letters of James (d-62) the Just to the twelve tribes of the dispersion is believed written about this time and before the letters of Paul (10-67). Others contend the letters of Paul are written first but only because Paul is ignorant of the results of this council.
There is evidence that the first Jesus Sect members are living among the Jewish Sect Community in Rome. This claim is interesting when the Romans of this time are unable to distinguish between what they consider as just another Judaism sect.
Thallus the Greek was an early historian who wrote in Koine Greek. Some scholars believe that his work can be interpreted as the earliest reference to the historical Jesus, and argue that it was written about 20 years after the Crucifixion. He wrote a three-volume history of the Mediterranean world from before the Trojan War to the 167th Olympiad, c. 112-109 BC. Most of his work, like the vast majority of ancient literature, perished, but not before parts of his writings were repeated by Sexus Julias Africanus in his History of the World. On the whole world there pressed a fearful darkness, and the rocks were rent by an earthquake, and many places in Judea and other districts were thrown down.
Celt-Germanic tribes are in the Rhine. Tribal assemblies determined policy. Custom followed their Viking tradition of compensation for damage or injury. Rome has deployed six legions (30,000 men) against the Sennones, a Teutonic tribe. Much of the Roman army would later be composed of these Germanic-Viking peoples during Rome's decline and fall.
Paul (10-67)alias Saul the Roman (a self-proclaimed apostle also a Pharisee) conducted his 2nd mission (50-52) with his disciples Silvanus and Timothy to Greece. They visited Thessalonika, Beroea and Athens. The Judaism Christians in Greece are hostile toward Paul because of his Roman citizenship and his anti-Semite teachings. It is alleged he wrote the Letters to the Thessalonians during this period (50-51). At this time Paul established his Paulist church at Philippia, Macedonia (Greece) in opposition to the Hellenistic Christian Church.
The three major conversion trips of Paul are believed to have taken place between 50-60 A.D. driven by the belief that Jesus would rise again before the death of Paul.
Eusebius (260-339) contends Paul called his followers soldiers rather than disciples. He also contends Paul referred to his letters as "according to my Gospel". We need to keep in mind that many in the Churches during Eusebius time did not consider the writings other than the four Gospel as canonical.
The Messianic Essene's, doers of the law, established the ritual that the priest shall stretch out his hand first to pronounce a blessing with the first portion of the bread and the wine. Only full members of the Sect could participate in the daily communal meals at Qumran. The Messianic Essene Sect shares all property in common, eat communally, bless communally and take counsel communally. (Acts 2:44, 4:32) They even carried their belief to the grave. The excavated graves contained no burial goods that is common among pagans, Judaism and Messianic sects of this and later periods. No women are found among the 1,000 some graves at Qumran. Other nearby graves has some children and females including beads and earrings. Flavious Josephus (37 -100) tells us that not all Messianic Essene Sects are celibate but they agree with the Essene customs and laws. Their logic is that if all men were of the same opinion, the whole race of mankind would fail.
The Kushans who live south of the Huns established superiority among the Cue-Chi tribes and began an invasion of India, conquering the Suren Kingdom by 75 A.D.
Nicholas of Damascus and Flavius Josephus both report the remains of Noah's Ark are preserved in their time.
At the town of Migdal on the sea of Galilee was uncovered a synagogue, a 1,300 square foot building dated to 50-100 A.D. This is one of 6 synagogues dating to this period.
Peter of Tarsus (Turkey) is considered a heretic by the Judah's sects. He doesn't keep Judah festivals nor does he preach the need for circumcision. Most of the Judah could not accept a crucified messiah.
Paul (10-67) alias Saul the Roman a self-proclaimed apostle and a Pharisee with Barnabas and Titus return to Jerusalem then on to Antioch. This is likely the time of recognition when Paul (10-67) openly attacked James (d-62) the younger that heads the Messianic Church of Jerusalem as the Papa. The main theological rupture is the observance of Jewish tradition. The followers of James (d-43) the Just called the Jerusalem Community of James or Ebionite Jewish-Christians or poor men, considered Paul the enemy, the Anti-Christ. Some of Paul's followers would later call James the Just, the brother of Jesus, the wicked demon and devil saying they didn't regard Jesus as divine. Also saying they observed the Sabbath and other ceremonies just like the Judaism (just like Christ). It is noteworthy that Paul (10-67) a Roman-Pharisee is considered by the Orthodox Christians and Jerusalem Community of James the Just, brother of Jesus to be part of the generation of vipers who like leaven in bread make men fit for hell.
Paul (10-67) alias Saul the Roman claims Peter (Cephas) came to Antioch where Paul opposed Peter to his face, because Peter stood self-condemned; for until certain people came from James, Peter used to eat with the Gentiles. Other Jews joined Peter in this hypocrisy, so that even Barnabas was led astray by their hypocrisy. James the Just believed that in mixed churches such as Antioch Christian Judaism had to prevail over Christian Paganism. Before Jamesís intervention they ate with pagans like pagans, and the pagans ate like Jews with Jews. Paul called this common courtesy hypocrisy. Paul, in any case, refused to give in, found himself isolated, went westward, never to return to Antioch.
The Syrians are stirring up resentment among the Galilians against Roman rule. The Galilians are called Sicarii and considered as bandits.
At this time a prophet out of Egypt gathered his followers about 30,000 people to the Mount of Olives to demonstrate that he could command the walls of Jerusalem to fall. Others suggest he intended to force an entrance into the city. At this same time the Roman Procurator Antonius Felix (52-59) brother of Pallas ruled the entire country. He ordered his troops to deal with this imposter and 400 of the sect are killed and 200 taken prisoner. The Egyptian prophet however escaped. The Zealot leader Eleazar and his men who had plundered the country for twenty years are captured and sent to Rome as prisoners. Nero crucified the brigands who were too numerous to count. Procurator Felix (52-60) of Judea in alliance with the priesthood throughout his reign had to arrest imposters and brigands on a daily basis and have them crucified. Felix is the brother of King Agrippa II (60). Near the end of his reign the alliance broke down in open quarrels. Galilea is under the governor Cumanus and the Samaritans are under Felix and these two regions are at war among themselves. Quadratus President of Syria had to be called in to establish the peace.
Zleazar band of Zealots being terminated did not stop the plundering as a new group sprang up called the Sicarii. They committed numerous murders in broad daylight and in the middle of the city. They mingled with the crowd during festivals carrying short daggers and stabbed their opponents. Johathan, the high priest is one of the first victims. The secret sect was never discovered. In addition another rebel sect claiming divine inspiration incited a mob to frenzied enthusiasm led them into the wilderness. They believed God would show them omens of freedom. Civil war broke out in every part of the country as the people joined numerous sects and gangs throughout the country looting, burning and killing their fellow Jews.
Paul (10-67) alias Saul the Roman a heretic apostle conducts his 3rd mission (53-58) Apollos at Ephesus and then Corinth. At Ephesus (Turkey) Paul the leader of the Paulist Cult claims to have given the Holy Spirit to twelve disciples of John the Baptist the Essene. He cautioned them to teach no other doctrine but his doctrine. He established Tychicus as the Papa of his Paulist Cult at Ephesian. It is noteworthy that Paul is the only self proclaimed apostle and that the Apostle John commented that the brotherhood of Ephesus cannot stand wicked men, and how they tested the imposters who called themselves apostles and proved they were liars. Paul defends himself saying God appointed him as an apostle. Paul says even if he is not an apostle to others, he is an apostle to the Paulist Cults. It is noteworthy that the Ephesians are generally worshippers of the Great Goddess Diana.
The Apostle John son Zebedee and brother of James is the Papa of the seven churches in Turkey. The Seven church are located at Ephesus, Smyrna (Izmir), Pergamos, Thyatira (Akhismar), Sardis, Philadelphia (Alasehir) and Laodicea all located in modern day Turkey.
Flavious Josephus (37-100) alias Joseph Ben Matthias entered the Essene sect as a postulate (53-56), as a disciple of Bannus the Hermit. This decision is made after he studied the three principal Jewish Sects of Pharisees, Sadducees and Essenes. After three years he found the rules too difficult and joined the Pharisee sect. A full member Essene after 3 years as a postulant must swear to the following beliefs. To practice piety toward God, to observe justice toward men, to wrong none whether of his own mind or under anotherís orders, to forever hate the unjust and fight the battle of the just, to forever keep faith with all men, especially those to whom God has entrusted power, to refrain from abusing power, to refrain from outward marks (dress) of superiority, be a lover of truth, to expose liars.
The 4,000 Essene Sect is barred from the Jerusalem Temple Sanctuary because their ritual of purification for their sacrifices does not conform to temple standards of the time.
Nero (54-68) is Caesar of the Roman Empire. He is a thoroughly evil man who killed various relatives including his brother, his pregnant wife and his own mother.
Paul (10-67) the heretic begins his 4th journey (54-58) to Ephesus with letters to the Philippians, Galatians, and Corinthians 1st and 2nd, and Romans. He then traveled to Corinth and Jerusalem where he is arrested and imprisoned (58-60) in Caesarea.
Paul (10-67) alias Saul the Roman, the self-proclaimed apostle, traveled from Antioch (Syria) through Asia (Turkey) to Troas (Troy, Turkey) on the Aegean Sea. He then traveled Macedonia Achaea (Greece) from Neapolis (Kavala) to Athens (Athinai). Departing Athens he sailed back to Asia (Turkey) then on to Jerusalem, Judaea and back to Antioch, Syria.
Paul (10-67) alias Saul the heretic is claimed to have written the Philippians about this time (56-57). Paul warns his church to beware of dogs, those people who are making mischief, the cutters (Judaism circumcisers), (especially the followers of James and Simon Peter) we (gentiles) are the real people.
Emperior Mingdi of China ruled (57-75)
It is claimed Paul (10-67), the Roman wrote his letters to the Corinthians at this time. The Christian Churches at Corinth, Greece had split into differing factions, the Roman-Paulists, Apolloists and Caphas Sects. Paul the leader of the Paulist Cult claims he only baptized the House of Stephanas. Paul at this time recommends the killing of a man for immorality. As a result many Christians contend Paul is not a disciple of Christ and is accused of making merry by eating, drinking and traveling with women. Other Jerusalem Community of James the Just, brother of Jesus Sect is at Corinth attempting to convert the Roman Paulist and Paul calls Simon Peterís people as them counterfeit apostles. Paul claims to be more Christian than those other apostles are because he works harder and suffered more than any of them. Paul (10-67) alias Saul the Roman, a self-proclaimed apostle alias a Pharisee, in 2 Corinthians 11:13 is accused of being personally ambitious and he retaliates by attacking the Jerusalem Church (Jerusalem Community of James the Just, brother of Jesus Sect) claiming they are counterfeit Apostles of Christ and dishonest workmen liking them to Satan. He goes on in Galatians 4:9-10 to attack the Judaism Sabbath, festivals and jubilees. The weeks of holiness, monthly flags, festivals of glory and eternal jubilees.
James (d-62) the younger heads the Messianic Church of Jerusalem and the Christian Church of Greece as Papa and is alleged to have written the Letter to the Christian dispersion.
Paul (10-67) alias Saul the leader of the Paulist Cult who has been defaming Jewish tradition is arrested in Jerusalem by the High Priest Ananias (Anas) son Nebeus who hold him personally responsible for the schism in the Judah Churches. It is believed he is in and out of prison until being alleged executed about 67 AD. No evidence suggests he is ever executed. He is considered as being single-minded, stubborn of great dedication with a complete disregard for the cost of his decisions. This is also true when he persecuted the Jerusalem Community of James the Just, brother of Jesus Sect members before his alleged conversion. Some suggest he has an inferiority complex, is defensive and is an anti-Semitic. It is believed he wrote the Galatians about this time but he is ignorant of the decree of 49 of the Council of Jerusalem.
Paul for the first time claims that Jesus Christ gave him his apostle authority as well as God. This is a false claim made to the Galatians of Turkey who have turned away from Paulist theology to different followers of the Good News. He warns that anyone who preaches a different version of the Paulist Good News is a troublemaker even if it is an angel from heaven and they should be condemned.
Paul (10-67) alias Saul the leader of the Paulist Cult, according to Galatians suggests he and his Greek Paulist teachings are under severe attack by the Jerusalem Community of James the Just, brother of Jesus and his Church. Paul proclaimed God chooses him while still in his motherís womb. He acknowledged he did not consult with the Apostles of Jerusalem even during his visits. He did admit one encounter with James the younger (d-62) the brother of the Lord in the year 52 or 54. This is when he attacked James the Just causing bodily harm to the saint. He firmly believes the Apostles of Jerusalem have nothing to add to his Cults Good News. He believes Simon Peter is only commissioned to teach the circumcised and he Paul is commissioned to teach the uncircumcised. Paul thereby places himself equal if not superior to Simon Peter. It is noteworthy that most Roman Christians are circumcised according to Jewish tradition until the twentieth century.
Paul claims he opposed Simon Peter (Cephas) on his visit to Antioch showing Peter to be manifestly in the wrong. Paul attempted to belittle Simon Peter for associating with the pagans just as Jesus was belittled for associating with sinners. Paul did not accept Peter as the head of the Christian Church. It is noteworthy that most sources suggest that James the Just, brother of Jesus rather than Peter, likely heads the Jerusalem Community Church.
Paul (10-67) leader of the Paulist Cult traveled the same route through Asia (Turkey) and Macedonia Achaea (Greece) but returned along the coast then on to Jerusalem in Judaea. Saul (10-67) of Tarsus is brought to trial before the procurator of Judea, Antonius Felix (52-59), and appealed to the Roman Emperor as a Roman citizen. Paul (10-67), the leader of the Paulist Cult is claimed to have written or influenced over 50% of the New Testament yet the other Gospels are strangely silent about this man. Paul (10-67), the leader of the Paulist Cult is imprisoned at Caesarea (58-60) and then appealed as a Roman Citizen to the Judgement of the Emperor. Traveling to Rome he is alleged to have written the letters to the Philippians, Ephesians and Colossians. It is noteworthy that Procurator Felix (52-59) is replaced by Porcius Festus (59-62) as Procurator of Judea. Festus captured a considerable number of Zealot rebels.
Rome and Parthis fight (58-63) for control over Armenia
At Caesarea the Jewish population came to blows with the Greek Syrian inhabitants claiming the city as theirs. Whipping and imprisonment punish the more pugnacious offenders but this did not check the fighting. The Roman troops are used and they killed a large number of offenders and plundered their property.
The Judo-Messianic sect of Jerusalem all lived together and owned everything in common, like the Messianic Essenes. They went to the temple as a group but met in private homes to break bread, another practice of the Essenes. After the fall of Jerusalem all Jews are forced into home worship.
Rebels of the Temple of the Jerusalem Church over the past twenty years began drawing religious battle lines both with Rome and the new Judo-Messianic sects. The Roman citizens considered all Judah Sects as a sordid lot. The Judo-Messianic sects went as a body every day to the Temple of Jerusalem. The Judah Sect insisted on the banning of fornication of the Holy People of the Temple. Fornication is considered any mixing of Judah and Gentile by marriage thereby polluting the Holy Seed of Judah. This definition is expanded to include anything of a Gentile nature including articles for sacrifice. The Law renders them unclean and thereby trespasses on the purity of the Temple. The Law is based on Israel and Judah being a Holy People, a Holy Seed. The Judo-Messianic sect of Jerusalem are taking a non-righteous stance by claiming there are no forbidden things, that accepting Gentiles into the Brotherhood is not fornication. They openly fornicate with Gentiles, prostitutes using articles and activities of impurity. Sleeping with ones wife during their periods as an example is considered unclean and the man therefore brings pollution to the Temple. The use of Gentile made or handled cups as an example renders the contents unclean and therefore blasphemous. The extremists would eventually trigger a war with Rome 66-77 AD by stopping sacrifices on behalf of Romans and other Gentiles in the Temples.
Roman-Christians from Antioch and Edessa are penetrating into northern Iraq.
Publius (or Gaius) Cornelius Tacitus (56-17 A.D.) Historian recorded Christ, his execution by Pontius Pilate and the existence of early Christians in Rome in his final work, Annals (written ca. 116 AD). The Annals covered the burning of much of Rome in July 64 AD. The passage is also of historical value in establishing three separate facts about Rome around 60 AD, namely that there was a sizable number of Christians in Rome at the time, that it was possible to distinguish between Christians and Jews in Rome and that at the time pagans made a connection between Christianity in Rome and its origin in Judea.
Completion of the Greek manuscripts which make up the 27 books of the New Testament are believed written about this time.
Two of England's largest armies is ruled by Queen Boadicea of the Iceni tribe. This most powerful Celt leader is a long red hair woman who destroyed the Roman London and nearly drove the Romans from England before being killed. The Romans said they invaded Britannia because the Celts of England are supporting the Germanic-Celts of Gaul by supplying food. The Iceni tribe used chariots in battle and practiced equality of the sexes.
Paul (10-67) the Roman the self-proclaimed apostle is alleged jailed in Rome (61-63) and it is claimed he writes letters to Colossians, Ephesians, Philemon (and to Philippians?). Paul claims some of his oppressioners do so out of rivalry and competition (jealous, selfish motives) implying some of the Messianic Sect are behind his imprisonment but the rest preach Christ with the right intention. At this time Paul (10-67) the Roman began to consider himself as a saint.
Paul spent 2 years in Rome under no restraint. When he went to trial non of his soldiers (diciples) supported him, they all left him to his fate. This is according to Eusebius (260-339).
Many scholars believe St. Peter visited Rome about 61-63 A.D. and is
executed there in 67. It is interesting to note that no direct evidence
supports this myth. This story first surfaced about 170 A.D. by Irenaeus
and Dionysius of Corinth.