EUROPEAN & ASIAN HISTORY Return to EUROPEAN & ASIA INDEX 1600 - 2000
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Rafael de Izquierdo, the Augustinian appointed Governor of the Phillipines put down a rebellion by about 200 dockworkers in the Province of Reuoled who had killed their Spanish overseers. He believed the Philipino priests were behind the uprising so he ordered the execution of three Friars, Jose Burgus, Marino Gomez and Jacinto Zamora and deported others.
Diamonds were discovered at Kimberlay in the Boer Republic of South Africa and this year gold was discovered in the Transvaal. This proved too much for the British and tensions increased leading to the Anglo-Boor War (1899-1902) resulting in South Africa becoming part of the British Empire. The Boers easily won early victories over the British. As more troops arrived the Boer resorted to guerrilla tactics. The British broke the resistance by putting Boer families in concentration camps and burning their crops.
ZELL, SOUTH DAKOTA
(II)-Johaunes Salzl born 1847 Wallern, Austria, died Edmonton, Alberta son (I)-Paul Salze born 1823 and (I)-Maria Weinzetl born 1818;
Married 1873 (II)-Maria Leurer (Leier) born 1852 Wallern, Austria died, May 9, 1932, Edmonton, Alberta.
Source family records and census June 1885 Faulk, South Dakota. Homesteaded Zell South Dakota NE 1/4 35 117N 66W and filed February 20, 1885 and received deed February 27, 1885 for $200 or $1.25 per acre. Obtained mortgage for $900 November 22, 1886 and default on mortgage recorded March 2, 1905 when land was sold by sheriffs office.
SEVEN CHILDREN WERE RECORDED:
(III)-Rudolph Salzl born, March 12, 1883, Miller, South Dakota, U.S.A., died, February 10, 1968, Lloydminister, Saskatchewan married, May 16, 1911, an Elizabeth Hardes born, February 15, 1892, Orient, South Dakota, U.S.A., died, November 30, 1981, Lloydminister, Saskatchewan, daughter John Hardes and Frances Springer.
(III)-Mathias Salzl born, March 26, 1885, baptized, March 28, 1885, St. Mary's, Zell, South Dakota died, December 8, 1962, Edmonton, Alberta married, November 27, 1907, Edmonton, Alberta (III)-Jerusha Anne McDougall born, December 5, 1889, Amhurst, Nova Scotia died, June 26, 1964, Edmonton, Alberta. St. Mary's Church established April 15, 1883 made out of sod.
(III)-Mary Salzl born, November 9, 1886, Zell, South Dakota died, October 15, 1973, Edmonton, Alberta married James Edward Burris born 1882 Ireland died, August 6, 1962, Edmonton, Alberta and had two children James and Terry who married Jim Hill.
(III)-John Charles Salzl born, June 16, 1889, died March 2, 1903 Edmonton, North West Territories at age 14.
(III)-Theresa Catherine Salzl born, January 4, 1894, Zell, South Dakota died, February 5, 1981, married Charles Lawrence Perry born, October 3, 1894, possibly Duffield, (Alberta) died, December 18, 1982, St. Albert, Alberta and had children Marion born, November 21, 1928, married Joe Siben who died 1971, Leslie born, March 10, 1931, married Dorothy Tilon born, February 16, 1933, married Joe Bobenfahr.
(III)-Joseph Salzl born, March 19, 1890, died, November 13, 1977, Paradise Hills, Saskatchewan; married, October 15, 1912, St. Margaret Roman Catholic Church a Frances Hardes born, December 10, 1893, died, February 27, 1975, Paradise Hills, Saskatchewan, sister of Elizabeth Hardes married to Rudolph Salze, daughter John Hardes and Frances Springer.
(III)-Tofan Salzl was born 1889.
(III)-Anna Salzl born 1892 died January 15, 1903 Mornville, North West Territories.
(III)-Daunfia Salzl born January 4, 1894
Two girls born South Dakota died within one week of diphtheria, could
be Tofan and Daunfia?
Charles Salzl born 1859, is a cousin and appears to have lived with the family.
Andrew Salzl married 1905 a Anna at Mornville, Alberta as per Mornville Heritage Society History p-69.
Rudy Salzl in 1906 was a Mornville district farmer as per Mornville Heritage Society History p-70.
Carl Saltz born 1889 died March 1, 1903 Mornville, source Alberta Birth, Marriage & Death Index 1870-1905.
The families of (I)-Paul Salze and (II)-Johaunes Salzl with Cousin Charles Salzl immigrated to America between 1873 and 1882.
Afghanistan, 16,000 British-Indian troops attacked Afghan rebels and were annulated, only one Briton survives.
The Japanese invade Formosa (Taiwan) but fail.
Muslim Gypsy (Roma) are given equal rights with other Muslims in the Ottoman Empire
Tezong of China with a Reign Title of Guangxu, Reigned (1875-1908) of the Qing Dynesty.
Taiwan Island is divided into two prefectures, north and south.
Bosnia and Herzegovina rebel against Turkey.
Measles arrived among the Fijans killing 40,000 about 1/3 of the population.
Between 1876 to 1879, drought caused 25,250,000 deaths in East, Southern and Central Indians died of famine due to a failed monsoon and resulting drought in China for the same period cause 13,000,000 deaths. A cyclone at Backerganj (Barisal, Bangladesh) October 29 contributed 200,000 to the death total, including resulting famine.
Between 1876-1877 cholera kills 3 million in India.
Queen Victoria of England becomes Empress of India.
Cesare Lombroso publishes his influential work L'uomo deliquente, which contains a lengthy chapter on the genetically criminal character of the Gypsy (Roma). This is translated into many languages, including German and English, and has a profound effect upon western legal attitudes.
Records for Morocco in 1876 show that market prices for slaves varied from £10 ($48) to £30 ($140). Female slaves comprised the vast majority of sales with "attractive virgins" fetching between £40 to £80 ($192 - $386). It was reported that "a considerable majority of the slaves crossing the Sahara were destined to become concubines in North Africa, the Middle East and occasionally even further a field."
Mr. Maloney with two companions forcibly removed his three children from the poor house saying he hadnít agreed to their deportation to Canada. Lilian Birt, the founder of the Home said the unreasonableness of this outraged father is a result of the priest who consigned him to purgatory or even Hell if he did not take his children out of a Protestant institution. Between 1869 and 1940 between 80,000-100,000 children are deported to Canada many without the parents knowledge or consent. See 1869.
The Congree of Berlin imposed a peace settlement on the Balkan states (Yugoslavia). Leo XIII alias Gioacchino Vincenzo Pecci (1878-1903) is elected pope.
Bishop Strossmayer of Bosnia wrote that Hungarians know no policy except blind hate, and aversion towards Slav's. In the Austrian monarchy the Slav's are appressed by the Magyars and Germans; in the Balkins Peninsula the Greeks are subjugating and oppressing the Slav's, while the Turks and Russians, Roumanians and Serbs by the throat. Turkey is also surpressing the Greeks and Slav's within Turkey.
Josef Vissarionovitch Djugashvili (Stalin) is born at Gori in Georgia.
Franklin Coxworthy (1848-1890) of England was a proponent of Abraham Ortel's (1527-1598) Continental Drift theory aka Plate Tectonics.
Temperature records - mainly from the northern hemisphere ā show that the present phase of global warming actually began in the 1880s, before the man-made greenhouse effect got going.
Pius IX (1846-1878) who died three years earlier is being moved when a Roman mob attacked the procession and attempted to fling his body into the Tiber. This historic judgment is usually reserved for those popes considered as an anti-Christ. Pope Leo XIII (1878-1903) gave a grudging recognition to democracy.
A cholera pandemic spread worldwide in 1881 to 1896.
Russian Tsar Alexander II is assassinated.
Osmond Fisher (1817-1914) a geologist this year proposed 'Continental Drift' aka 'Plate Tectonics' and he was ridiculed and ignored like Alexander von Humboldt (1769-1859) in 1800. Many books were published about this time about Continental Drift theory and the evidence was overwhelming. The scientific community however tenaciously held on to their Solid State Theory.
September 15: A typhoon hit Haiphong, Vietnam killing 300,000 people
Leopold II of Belgium takes the Congo.
Pogroms (organized massacre) in Russia against Jews prompt large-scale Jewish migration from Eastern Europe.
June 6: A cyclone hit Bombay, India resulting in the death of 100,000 people.
Mussolini is born July 29 at Varnano dei Costra. An Englishmen formalized Eugenics, the final solution that would be widely adopted and reach its peak under Hitler in Germany. It is noteworthy that later Churchill and many others would support this race superiority philosophy.
April 26: Krakatoa aka Krakatao or Krakatowa an island between Java and Sumatra erupted. A tsunami resulted killing many ocean shore villages, the death toll was estimated at 36 thousand people. Ash rose 30 miles high. The next day was dark and no sunrise before the big one finally came. Previous eruptions were recorded in 416 and 535 A.D.
August 27: At 10:00 A.M. The eruption of Krakatau, Indonesia generated a massive water wave, 100 feet high in some areas, that swept over the shores of Java and Sumatra, killing 36,000 people. It was equal to 13,000 Atomic bombs going off at one time. It produced the loudest sound in recorded history, 180 dBSPL 100 miles away. It was heard in Australia 2,200 miles away and in Rodrigues near Mauritius, 3,000 miles away. It was 20 times greater than Mt. St. Helens. It was the second largest eruption in modern history only dwarfed by Tambora, Indonesia in 1815. Pyroplastic flow covered 30 miles over water and 2 miles up a hill in Sumatra to kill 1,000 people. For years after Krakateau, the world experienced unseasonably global cool into the 2oth century, and brilliant sunsets, and prolonged twilights due to the spread of aerosols throughout the stratosphere. A year later bodies were still washing up on the African coast.
Britain invaded Sudan a country two thirds the size of India.
The French invade Formosa (Taiwan).
The Berlin Conference awarded the Sahara to Spain and they called it Spanish Sahara.
Britain invaded Egypt to protect their international shipping route to India. It said its occupation would be for a short time, which lasted until 1954.
China considers Taiwan a Province of China
France passed the Ferry Laws prohibiting members of religious orders to teach in public schools.
East Indian independence movement begins.
Chancellor von Bismarck issues a directive to the governments of all regions of Germany alerting them to "complaints about the mischief caused by bands of Gypsies traveling in the Reich, and their increasing molestation of the population," and states that foreign Roma are to be dealt with in particular. This leads to the creation of many regional policies designed to deport non-German-born Roma.
September to October the Yellow River in China floods killing 900 thousand to 2 million people.
Indian explorer John Nouri locates Noah's Ark and proposed recovering it for the 1900 World Fair.
The Horn of Africa famine of 1888 involving Ethiopia, Sudan & Somalia resulted in 1 million deaths.
Hitler, son of a customs official, is born at Braunau-am-Inn, an Austro Bavarian town.
The Russian flu (1889-1890) swept the world killing an estimated 1% of the worlds population.
Aspirin, an American Indian drug, is introduced into Germany.
The British Parliament passed the Barnardo Act to legalize agencies practice of seizing abandoned, neglected or orphaned children without parental permission and ship them to the new worlds. Canada received 100,000 of these 'Home Children' between 1869-1930's. At this time children were considered as property and not considered persons and therefore had no rights. The children were also shipped to USA and Australia.
Pope Leo XIII (1878-1903) upheld private property, just wage, workers rights, trade unions and social justice. The pope is obsessed with the recovery of the papal states and temporal power of the holy see. He is forced to renew Pope Pius IX ban on participation by Catholics in elections thereby restricting the church's influence in the New Italy.
A major crop failure encourages Ukrainian migration to the Western Canadian Prairies.
Pope Leo XIII (1878-1903) an encyclical Rerum Novarum (Concerning New Things), sharply criticized both capitalism and socialism. He said that the state itself should act to remove serious abuses. He stated freedom and truths are incompatible as truth must be enforced by the state at the church's command wherever possible.
The Japan China war of 1894-1895 was over Korea. Japan wanted to annex Korea and/or prevent China or Russia from annexing it. This belief was fostered in the clash of 1882 and again in 1884.
Pope Leo XIII (1878-1903) pronounced the Anglican Church invalid.
Qing only controlled about 45% of Taiwan when the Island was ceded to Japan. They renamed the Island Takasago Koku aka Formosa (Taiwan). The Japanese name was used since 1592. Japan ruled Formosa (Taiwan) until WW-II.
Vladimir IIich Ulyanov (Lenin) (1870-1924) is deported to Siberia (1895-1900)
A.B. 'Banjo' Paterson (1864-1941) in his poems, this decade, did more to define the Australian Outback and its unique culture than any other person. One of his most famous poems is:
Oh! there once was a swagman camped in the Billabong,
Under the shade of a Coolabah tree;
And he sang as he looked at his old billy boiling,
"Who'll come a-waltzing Matilda with me."
Who'll come a-waltzing Matilda, my darling,
Who'll come a-waltzing Matilda with me?
Waltzing Matilda and leading a water-bag---
Who'll come a-waltzing Matilda with me?
Down came a jumbuck to drink at the water-hole,
Up jumped the swagman and grabbed him in glee;
And he sang as he put him away in his tucker-bag,
"You'll come a-waltzing Matilda with me!"
Down came the Squatter a-riding his thoroughbred;
Down came Policeman --one, two and three.
"Whose is the jumbuck you've got in the tucker-bag?
You'll come a waltzing Matilda with me."
But the swagman, he up and jumped in the water-hole,
Drowning himself by the Coolabah tree;
And his ghost may be heard as it sings in the Billabomg,
"Who'll come a-waltzing Matilda with me?"
The poem uses slang from the period:
Matilda = bedroll
Waltzing Matilda = drifting around the outback
Swagman = itinerant worker
Squatter = landholder
Jumback = sheep
March 1: The Italian-Ethiopian War commenced when General Oreste Barratieni led 14,500 Italian troops against Menilek's well-armed 100,000 man army. The Italian line crumbled sending the 5,400 surviving Italians into full retreat.
April 17: The treaty of Shimonoseki saw China recognized total independendence of Korea, and China ceded the Liaodone Peninsula, Taiwan and Penghu Islands to Japan in Perpetuity.
October 21: Taiwan had declared independence so Japan invaded and captured the major cities.
Pope Leo XIII (1878-1903) issued Satis cognitum inviting both Orthodox and Protestants to return to Rome and specifically avoided any mention of schism. He however rejected a federation of churches as falling far short of the true mystical body of Christ.
The Austro-Hungarian monarchy is a patchwork quilt, the national chain-gang of Europe, a state that is not a nation but a collection of nations. Yet it has survived formidable European coalitions to dismember it. All nations of the coalition hate the government but they hate each other. The government uses an abundance of Roman Catholic priests to teach them to be docile and obedient and they censor the press towards this end. Sometimes the censor suck all the blood out of the newspaper leaving it colorless and inane. The army is everywhere. Parliament is split with Clericals, the Progressists, the German Nationalists, the Young Czechs, the Social Democrats, Christian Socialists and others. Sultin Abbul Hamid between 1894-1896 of the Ottoman Turks exterminated over 200,000 Armenian infidels (myrtyrs) using the Jihad, the Islamic Law, the Sheri (Sharia) law to justify the genocide.
Famine again visited East India killing some 5,000,000 people, some say this famine (1896-1902) resulted in 19 million deaths..
The Philippine rebellion started this year to drive the Spanish from the Philippines.
June 15: The Sanriku tsunami strikes Japan. A wave estimated at (23 M) 75 feet hit a crowd gathered to celebrate a religious festival, killing between 22,000 to 28,000 people along the coast.
Pope Leo XIII (1878-1903) established new norms for censorship and in 1900 a new index that denied any real significance to Christian Democracy in Italy. The Roman Church barbaric castration of boys for adult sopranos ended about this time having originated in Constantinople. Religious dogma also led some pious men to emasculate themselves to avoid sexual sin or temptation. This barbaric practice persisted into the twentieth century in Russia.
Leo Tolstroy, a Russian novelist, proposed that the Doukhobor Sect be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. This infuriated the Russian Orthodox Church and caused more trouble for this religious group. Tolstroy would in 1899 provide the funds to ship some 7,500 Doukhobors to Canada.
The most powerful earthquake known hits India.
As part of the Spanish-American war the Philippines was liberated from Spain. The Americans paid Spain 20 million dollars for the Philippine rights. The Philippines however declared their independence.
As a result of the Vatican stance against Democracy they are excluded from the first Hague International Peace Conference summoned by the Tsar Nicholas II of Russia (1895-1917) to discuss the limitation of armaments.
The Doukhbour a traditionalist sect of the Russian Orthodox Church are outcasts because they rejected icon worship, practice pacifism, practice humanitarian love, communal life and believe all people are equal. Some 7,500 men, women and children embark this year for Saskatchewan Canada. The Federal Government of Canada promised them they could practice their communal land and village system, use their Russian language schools and practice their pacifist beliefs as the early Christians had done before them.
An estimated 2.4 million people were exterminated by the British as a result of a 5 year war in the kingdoms of Bunyord/Mengo (Buyaga, Bugangaizi) in mid-western Uganda. The invading British pillaged, raped and murdered the People. They introduced syphilis which became an epidemic. Those they didn't kill were hounded out of their prime lands to make room for British settlers. Large tracts of lands were depopulated.
In Sweden, this century, 600 people, including nearly 200 women, were beheaded.
The Anglo-Boer War of South Africa (1899-1902) resulted in the loss of independence of the Boer Republic (Transvaal) and Orange Free State of South Africa. The Afrikaners (Boers) are enraged with the 18,000 to 28,000 women and children who died in British concentration camps, as compared to only 7,000 Boers who died in battle. The British atrocities predate German concentration camps in the next century. The world has long forgotten this genocide activity. Unfortunately the Afrikaners (Europeans born in Africa) adopted the British racial philosophy. They ruled over their Black servants like feudal squires of medieval British times. Some say the Afrikaners lost their soul when they adopted British ways, lost their capacity to give, lost their faculty of compassion, lost our culture. Resentment runs so deep that modern Afrikaners were heard to say "I'd rather have him (his son) marry a Black girl than an English girl". In the late twentith century 7.2% of Afrikaners have nonwhite blood in their veins. It should be noted that as early as 1671 three-quarters of all children born to Dutch East India Company slaves were mixed blood.