CANADIAN INDIAN HISTORY
"The Spanish, French and English kill each other if no one else is available."
GENESIS In the beginning Kechemunedo
INDIAN HISTORY Pre-History to 1000 B.C.
INDIAN HISTORY 1,000 B.C. - 1599 A.D.
INDIAN HISTORY 1600 - 1699
INDIAN HISTORY 1700 - 2000+
DIRECTORY: RETURN TO MAIN HISTORY INDEX
"Racial calibration is the most insidious form of discrimination!"
In 1995 David Chaters argued; "that natives were conquered by Europeans."
His logic goes: "If they were not in fact conquered,
why did they allow themselves to be herded into little reserves in the most isolated desolate useless parts of the country."
An Indian said, just because we spent the last 300 years in silence does not mean we were deaf and blind.
The painting on the left is of a Blackfoot Indian, painted by Zach
This however is a very good question and one of the many reasons I wrote this section.
A much better question however is;
If the Europeans were civilized and Christian why would they do this?
Now that we are enlightened why do we continue to treat others the way we do?
This above example of a change of viewpoint is called a paradigm shift.
It is much like those two dimensional eye illusions of abstract pictures
that suddenly jump into vivid three-dimensional pictures.
Some of us however do not see the picture or have great difficulty seeing reality.
Our environment is a multi-faceted reality and much more difficult to view.
To attempt stepping into someone else's paradigm you must be totally relaxed.
Try to visualize your walking in their moccasins (or shoes), try to think as they think,
feel as they feel. Just like the illusion, you will slip back to your own paradigm.
Remember, patience is important as is relaxation.
I hope you enjoy your venture.
The Supreme Court of Canada, an European Institute, says for rights other than aboriginal title, the claimants must demonstrate that the right was integral to their distinctive aboriginal societies and exercised at the time of first contact with Europeans. If this be true and just then the rights other than European title, the claimants at the time of first contact with the American People must demonstrate that the right was integral to their distinctive European societies and exercised at the time of first contact with the Real American People. Canadian common law should be based on Canadian common law not an imported English or French law. The issue of aboriginal, Metis and others rights and responsibilities is hotly debated throughout the world. The United Nations has Canada under increasing scrutiny for our failure to make more progress in the recognition of the rights and responsibilities of Aboriginal Peoples. The resolution of these fundamental issues will usher in a new, more just society.
I have spent many hundreds of hours trying to purge the European bias from these documents. I am not satisfied that I have totally accomplished my objective. Unfortunately the First Nation People, by their actions, are also having a hard time dealing with their European bias. I have observed many aboriginal people struggling to recapture their cultural roots. My objective is to understand my Native roots and select the best from my multi-cultural heritage. You will find the erroneous term 'Indian' used to reference 'The People' as 'Indians' originally called themselves. At some point in history the 'People' began calling themselves 'Indian' because they began to believe they were a distinct race of peoples and everyone (Europeans) knew who an Indian was. Then in the twentieth century they re-discovered an ancient belief, that we are all brothers, there is only one race, the Human Race. They began searching for new terms to describe themselves, First Nation People, Aboriginal People, Native People, all falling short of their roots, simply 'The People'. I am attempting to use the term 'The People' where possible or Early American People where appropriate but I am more concerned as being historically appropriate, than being politically correct. This is why I labeled my web site "A Distinct Viewpoint" with a focus on Canadian History.
The Europeans view their environment from a perspective of Sovereignty, Property and Inequality of People. The People of the New World possessed more Rights and Powers than those possessed by European citizens. Freedom of Religion, Freedom of Travel, Freedom of Trade, to name a few. The Peoples of the New World had built their cultures based on the Principle that decision making should involve all the members of the society.
The first major change in perspective is that 'The People' come from a very ancient tradition of a culture based on maternal principles. The European people come from a Roman Religious tradition of paternal beliefs and values. Its noteworthy that the European culture was originally maternal and was slowly and painfully converted to a paternal culture. These two totally differing ideologies are at the root of much of our cultural problems. Paternalistic behavior tends to repress other peoples language, culture and tend to impose their own beliefs and values. Maternalistic belief is extended family and child centered, and values the wisdom and experience of elders, they have a deep respect for mother earth and nature. Of all fundamental principles this is the most decisive that tends to drive lesser beliefs and values.
If a band only has one chief, this is not Indian, it is an European tradition.
If a band uses hereditary chiefs for leadership, this is not Indian, it is a European tradition.
If the women of a band do not have a veto right to remove a wayward chief this is not Indian, it is European.
THE ORIGINAL PEOPLE - THE MODERN TREND
A Spirit Quest - A self centered quest
Women/children first - Self gratification first
Wonder and hope - Despair and boredom
Spiritual occasional use drugs - Excessive use drugs, alcohol
Caring and sharing - Exploitation of others
Industrious, pride, satisfaction - Others are the problem
If you find yourself on the right side of the ledger
remove your moccasins and walk in the shoes
of the European moccasins (or shoes) their trail of tears below.
European History site,
if you see yourself, your not Indian, you have been converted.
Before you criticize your Brother
walk a mile in his moccasins.
If he gets angry,
he will be a mile away and barefoot.
LET US REMEMBER
The People over thousands of years developed a peaceful process to remove leaders who did not fulfill their responsibilities or exceeded their authority.
The People believe both male and female have access to the decision making process of the society.
The People believed in the accommodation of others, both animals and the peoples of the Great Spirit.
We inherited about 50,000 years of tradition, or more, a literary tradition that happens to be oral. Let us begin a written cultural tradition where people are more important than wars and body politics.
Aboriginal Justice System is slowly being accepted across Canada but only in the Aboriginal community. Let us start incorporating Canadian Common Law into the French and English Common Laws that are being applied to all Canadians.
Let us remember to 'bury the hatchet' means to let
bygones be bygones.
This phrase originated among North American Indians, who
were commanded by the 'Great Spirit' when they smoked calumet (peace pipe),
to bury their hatchets, knives, and war clubs in the ground, so that
all hostile thoughts might disappear.
The Publication Certificate
The editorship of the present publication house has seriously examined the manuscript of the translation of Dick Garneau’s
English-in-original e-book with theses by Li Pengfei titled as the History, Present Facts and Developments of Indians,
the Canadian First Nations. The editorship of the given publication house highly appreciates the organization
and presentation of the whole project and considers it to be of great research and academic values.
Thus, the book has been listed into the publication plan of the year of 2008 and will have been published by July, this publication year.
This is hereby certificated by An Pingping, the Chief editor of the publication house, and Gong Qianlan, the editor in charge of the suggested book of the house.
February 5, 2008
Posted 05/02/08 at 1:36 PM EST The Globe and Mail
Dick Garneau from Canada
writes: The First Nation Peoples require a fundamental change, as
the previous attempts have had limited success. As Canadians 'we are our
brothers keeper' The adverse rearmament of The First Peoples has been
going on for 373 years.
Only in the 1960's were residential schools phase out.
(Residential Schools were based on two false European beliefs:
1. That Europeans are inherently superior technologically, morally, artistically and intellectually.
2. That First Nations people were child like savages, with little social organizations, superstitious and their beliefs paganistic.)
I believe a number of things are required to turn the tide. The most
important is pride in their heritage and culture, through education
developed for and by the First Nation People. NOT based on Anglo Saxon or
European standards. The suicide rate among the young must be reversed.
They are isolate and have nothing meaningful to do. Develop a computer
network to link ALL Reserves with each other and the world. Change the
Reservation system to have open access to any and all First Nation People.
This will allow the youth to migrate to all parts of Canada and still have
the support system of the Reservations. Folks who leave the reserve should
be provided a support system to return permanently, return part time or
for assistance. The reserves should be modeled like our homes and
Yes we need a migration path towards the elimination of the Reserves.
The editor of the book of "The Canadian
First Nations: Historical Facts, Present State and the Road leading to Self-goverance"
by Mr. Li Pengfei translated the most part of my e-book of 'Canadian Indian
History' into Chinese. He included several papers about the current statue
of Canadian Indian. The book is 490 pages and 'Canadian Indian History'
compromises about 85% of the book.
I have authorized the translation and publication of my 'Canadian Indian History' into Chinese, as a gift to the Chinese people.
I have rejected any claim for royalty from the publishing house or Mr. Li Pengfei, as is the original First Peoples cultural tradition
I would like any proceeds, if they arise, to be used to improve the understanding of historical Canadian cultures and Chinese cultures.
October 23, 2008 Yang Shuyan, of The Ethnic Publishing House, Beijing, China, and Li Pengfei from Zhuhai, Beijing Institute of Technology
The book was actually published October 2008, on sale for $8.00 to $10.00 Canadian and is part of the Association for Canadian Studies in China news letter 12-12-2008.
1, 2008: Permission was given to publish parts of the Indian history 1800
to 1900 in a proposed book to be published in February 2009 about and for the
town of Carnduff, Saskatchewan.