People are not created equal, we are created different,
we must re-learn how to respect these differences.

The People want to discover the way things were before colonization.

 "The Spanish, French and English kill each other if no one else is available."

An unknown Indian


TRANSLATE:Français, Deutsch, Italiano, Portuguêses, Españoles

GENESIS In the beginning Kechemunedo

INDIAN HISTORY Pre-History to 1000 B.C.

INDIAN HISTORY 1,000 B.C. - 1599 A.D.

INDIAN HISTORY 1600 - 1699

INDIAN HISTORY 1700 - 2000+



How much Indian Blood do you have?  Why do we not ask, how much Scottish, English or French blood do you have??  What do we mean by full blood Indian?  Why would these things matter?

"Racial calibration is the most insidious form of discrimination!"

Blackfoot Indian bt Zack

In 1995 David Chaters argued; "that natives were conquered by Europeans." 
His logic goes: "If they were not in fact conquered, 
why did they allow themselves to be herded into little reserves in the most isolated desolate useless parts of the country." 
An Indian said, just because we spent the last 300 years in silence does not mean we were deaf and blind.

The painting on the left is of a Blackfoot Indian, painted by Zach 




This however is a very good question and one of the many reasons I wrote this section. 
A much better question however is; 
If the Europeans were civilized and Christian why would they do this?

Now that we are enlightened why do we continue to treat others the way we do?
This above example of a change of viewpoint is called a paradigm shift.  
It is much like those two dimensional eye illusions of abstract pictures 
that suddenly jump into vivid three-dimensional pictures.
Some of us however do not see the picture or have great difficulty seeing reality.
Our environment is a multi-faceted reality and much more difficult to view.
To attempt stepping into someone else's paradigm you must be totally relaxed.
Try to visualize your walking in their moccasins (or shoes), try to think as they think,
 feel as they feel.  Just like the illusion, you will slip back to your own paradigm.
Remember, patience is important as is relaxation.
I hope you enjoy your venture.

The Supreme Court of Canada, an European Institute, says for rights other than aboriginal title, the claimants must demonstrate that the right was integral to their distinctive aboriginal societies and exercised at the time of first contact with Europeans.  If this be true and just then the rights other than European title, the claimants at the time of first contact with the American People must demonstrate that the right was integral to their distinctive European societies and exercised at the time of first contact with the Real American People.  Canadian common law should be based on Canadian common law not an imported English or French law.  The issue of aboriginal, Metis and others  rights and responsibilities is hotly debated throughout the world.  The United Nations has Canada under increasing scrutiny for our failure to make more progress in the recognition of the rights and responsibilities of Aboriginal Peoples.  The resolution of these fundamental issues will usher in a new, more just society. 

I have spent many hundreds of hours trying to purge the European bias from these documents. I am not satisfied that I have totally accomplished my objective. Unfortunately the First Nation People, by their actions, are also having a hard time dealing with their European bias. I have observed many aboriginal people struggling to recapture their cultural roots. My objective is to understand my Native roots and select the best from my multi-cultural heritage.   You will find the erroneous term 'Indian' used to reference 'The People' as 'Indians' originally called themselves.  At some point in history the 'People' began calling themselves 'Indian' because they began to believe they were a distinct race of peoples and everyone (Europeans) knew who an Indian was.  Then in the twentieth century they re-discovered an ancient belief, that we are all brothers, there is only one race, the Human Race.  They began searching for new terms to describe themselves, First Nation People, Aboriginal People, Native People, all falling short of their roots, simply 'The People'.   I am attempting to use the term 'The People' where possible or Early American People where appropriate but I am more concerned as being historically appropriate, than being politically correct.  This is why I labeled my web site "A Distinct Viewpoint" with a focus on Canadian History.   

The Europeans view their environment from a perspective of Sovereignty, Property and Inequality of People.   The People of the New World possessed more Rights and Powers than those possessed by European citizens.  Freedom of Religion, Freedom of Travel, Freedom of Trade, to name a few.  The Peoples of the New World had built their cultures based on the Principle that decision making should involve all the members of the society.  

The first major change in perspective is that 'The People' come from a very ancient tradition of a culture based on maternal principles. The European people come from a Roman Religious tradition of paternal beliefs and values. Its noteworthy that the European culture was originally maternal and was slowly and painfully converted to a paternal culture. These two totally differing ideologies are at the root of much of our cultural problems.  Paternalistic behavior tends to repress other peoples language, culture and tend to impose their own beliefs and values.  Maternalistic belief is extended family and child centered, and values the wisdom and experience of elders, they have a deep respect for mother earth and nature.  Of all fundamental principles this is the most decisive that tends to drive lesser beliefs and values.

A few examples:

If a band only has one chief, this is not Indian, it is an European tradition.

If a band uses hereditary chiefs for leadership, this is not Indian, it is a European tradition.

If the women of a band do not have a veto right to remove a wayward chief this is not Indian, it is European.



A Spirit Quest  -  A self centered quest

Women/children first  -  Self gratification first

Wonder and hope  -  Despair and boredom

Spiritual occasional use drugs  -  Excessive use drugs, alcohol

Caring and sharing  -  Exploitation of others

Industrious, pride, satisfaction  -  Others are the problem

A 1,000 mile journey begins with the first step.

If you find yourself on the right side of the ledger
remove your moccasins and walk in the shoes 
of the European moccasins (or shoes) their trail of tears below.

Review the European History site,
if you see yourself, your not Indian, you have been converted.

Before you criticize your Brother
walk a mile in his moccasins.
If he gets angry,
he will be a mile away and barefoot.


Let us remember to 'bury the hatchet' means to let bygones be bygones.  
This phrase originated among North American Indians, who
were commanded by the 'Great Spirit' when they smoked calumet (peace pipe), 
to bury their hatchets, knives, and war clubs in the ground, so that
all hostile thoughts might disappear. 

The Publication Certificate   

The editorship of the present publication house has seriously examined the manuscript of the translation of Dick Garneau’s English-in-original e-book with theses by Li Pengfei titled as the History, Present Facts and Developments of Indians, the Canadian First Nations. The editorship of the given publication house highly appreciates the organization and presentation of the whole project and considers it to be of great research and academic values.

Thus, the book has been listed into the publication plan of the year of 2008 and will have been published by July, this publication year.

This is hereby certificated by An Pingping, the Chief editor of the publication house, and Gong Qianlan, the editor in charge of the suggested book of the house.

February 5,  2008

Posted 05/02/08 at 1:36 PM EST  The Globe and Mail

Dick Garneau  from Canada writes: The First Nation Peoples require a fundamental change, as the previous attempts have had limited success. As Canadians 'we are our brothers keeper' The adverse rearmament of The First Peoples has been going on for 373 years. 
 Only in the 1960's were residential schools phase out.  
(Residential Schools were based on two false European beliefs:
   1.  That Europeans are inherently superior technologically, morally, artistically and intellectually.
    2. That First Nations people were child like savages, with little social organizations, superstitious and their beliefs paganistic.)

I believe a number of things are required to turn the tide. The most important is pride in their heritage and culture, through education developed for and by the First Nation People. NOT based on Anglo Saxon or European standards. The suicide rate among the young must be reversed. They are isolate and have nothing meaningful to do. Develop a computer network to link ALL Reserves with each other and the world. Change the Reservation system to have open access to any and all First Nation People. This will allow the youth to migrate to all parts of Canada and still have the support system of the Reservations. Folks who leave the reserve should be provided a support system to return permanently, return part time or for assistance. The reserves should be modeled like our homes and families. 
Yes we need a migration path towards the elimination of the Reserves.

The editor of the book of "The Canadian First Nations: Historical Facts, Present State and the Road leading to Self-goverance" by Mr. Li Pengfei translated the most part of my e-book of 'Canadian Indian History' into Chinese.  He included several papers about the current statue of Canadian Indian.  The book is 490 pages and 'Canadian Indian History' compromises about 85% of the book.
I have authorized the translation and publication of my 'Canadian Indian History' into Chinese, as a gift to the Chinese people.
I have rejected any claim for royalty from the publishing house or Mr. Li Pengfei, as is the original First Peoples cultural tradition
I would like any proceeds, if they arise, to be used to improve the understanding of historical Canadian cultures and Chinese cultures.

October 23, 2008 Yang Shuyan, of The Ethnic Publishing House, Beijing, China, and Li Pengfei from Zhuhai, Beijing Institute of Technology 

The book was actually published October 2008, on sale for $8.00 to $10.00 Canadian and is part of the Association for Canadian Studies in China news letter 12-12-2008.

December 1, 2008:  Permission was given to publish parts of the Indian history 1800 to 1900 in a proposed book to be published in February 2009 about and for the town of Carnduff, Saskatchewan.