ICRN uses footnotes to clarify publication information, to add to the text and to alleviate lengthy bibliography reference pages. Brackets with authors and page numbers in the text assumes familiarity with the reference. This method alienates many readers, it is unsightly and disrupts the flow of the text. The footnote system includes all the publication data and adds the page number of a quote at the end. Footnotes are always single spaced and indented on the first line only. Some of these references are nonexistent and are made up to indicates the correct citation style.
John L. Finlay, Pre-Confederation Canada: The Structure of Canadian History to 1867 (Scarborough: Prentice Hall Canada Inc., 1990), 72.
Subsequent reference: Finlay, 72. or See note (number ) above
Ratna Ghosh, and Douglas Ray, Social change and education in Canada (Toronto: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1991).
Subsequent reference: Ghosh and Ray, 72. or See note (number ) above.
John James, Sarah Johnson, Kylie White, The Trials and Tribulations of Publishing (London: Alliance Press, 1999).
Three or more authors
John Smith et al, The Man Jumped Over the Moon (Toronto: ABC Publishers, 1935), 22.
Two authors as editors
Cameron McCarthy and Warren Crichlow, ed. Race, identity and representation in Education (New York: Routledge, 1993).
Subsequent reference, McCarthy and Crichlow, 72. or See note (number ) above.
Article in edited book.
Roxanna Ng, “Sexism, racism, Canadian nationalism,” in Feminism and the politics of difference ed. Sneja Marina Gunew and Anna Yeatman (London: Routledge 1993)
For subsequent references use Ng , 72 or See note (number ) above
Two sources in one footnote are separated by a semicolon
Roxanna Ng, ASexism, racism, Canadian nationalism, A in Feminism and the politics of difference ed. Sneja Marina Gunew and Anna Yeatman (London: Routledge 1993); Roxanna Ng, “Racism, sexism and nation building in Canada,” in Race, identity and representation in Education ed. Cameron McCarthy and Warren Crichlow (New York: Routledge, 1993).
Article in newspaper
Gary Duthler, Education is our future [special issue], The Edmonton Journal, 23 March 1997, TAB 31.
Article in numbered periodicals
Ernest Khalema and Jenny Wannas-Jones, “Under the Prism of Suspicion: Minority Voices post Sept. 11,” Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs 23 (April, 2003).
Article in numbered periodicals with several issues
John James, “Reviving the Prism of Suspicion.” Journal of Multiculturalism 23, 17 (April, 2003): 99.
Sometimes a periodical uses (spring 2003) or (fall 2003). Note that the term is not capitalized.
Book review in newspaper
Amy Gorman, review of The Limits of Racism, by John Smith, New Yorker, 10 June 1995. 32.
Book review in periodical
Amy Gorman, “Too many questions,” review of The Limits of Racism, by John Grant, History of Education 72 (10 June 1995). 32.
Jenny Wannas-Jones, “Issues of Islamic Women,” (paper presented at the Multicultural ra Conference, Edmonton, AB May 1998), 11.
Annette Richardson, “ Resistance in Hengelo (O) During World War II,” (master’s thesis, University of Alberta, 1987), 17.
Annette Richardson, “The paradox of Dutch education: a historical study,” (Ph.D diss., University of Alberta, 1995), 23.
For additional assistance please refer to the 15th edition of the Chicago Style Manual.
General Editors: Michael Wyness and Annette Richardson
The Dutch Language: an Introduction/Workbook 2003
The Canadian Multicultural Experience: Myths and Realities 2002
Exploring Cultural Perspectives: Integration and
ICRN Interdisciplinary Journal Titles
The History of Children: A Western Perspective 2005 Identity Spring 2005
Canadian Childhood: Past, Present and Future 2005 Education Spring 2005
Multimedia and Culture 2005 Multimedia Fall 2005
The Politics of Culture 2005 Globalization Spring 2006
Issues in Childhood: A Global Perspective 2006 Gender Fall 2006
Health and Cultural Issues 2006 Childhood Spring 2007
Cultural Issues for Women 2006 Nationalism Fall 2007
Migration and Citizenship 2007 Migration Spring 2008
Political Globalization 2007 Adolescents Spring 2008
Nationalism and Cultural
10th Anniversary Issue 2008
The Culture of Gender 2008
|The Dutch Language: an Introduction/Workbook|
| Exploring Cultural
Perspectives: Integration and Globalization.
Annette Richardson, Michael Wyness and E.Alice Halvorsen (eds.).
| The Canadian Multicultural Experience:
Myths and Realities.
AnnetteRichardson, Saradhi Putttagunta and E.Alice Halvorsen, (eds.).
|THE NEW NOMOS OF THE EARTH: A short history about the connections between technological innovation, anthropological space and legal order. Sergio Ortino (2002)|
| Issues in childhood:
a global perspective
ISBN 0-9731056-8-2 (Forthcoming 2005)
|International Multiculturalism: Preparing Together for the 21st Century. 1998. Annette Richardson, PhD., Editor. ISBN 0-9682961-0-8. 553 pages.|
- Florida 2005